Recently, Gong Dou's opera "Yanxi strategy" and "Ruyi biography" have been popular, attracting a lot of attention. The residences of several main characters in the play also arouse the curiosity of tourists and become the hot spots of the Forbidden City. So what does Yanxi palace look like in reality? In fact, it is a uncompleted building.
Yanxi palace becomes the important part of the Imperial Palace Tour
Yesterday afternoon, Beiqing news reporter arrived at the Forbidden City and found that a large number of tourists had gathered at the gate of Yanxi palace, which is located in the East six palaces. At one time, they had to line up to visit Yanxi palace. A staff member of the Imperial Palace on duty near Yanxi Palace said that Yanxi palace belongs to a relatively remote one among the six Eastern palaces, and there were many fires in ancient times, which was not very popular. After the opening of the palace several years ago, there were not many tourists. But with the hot broadcast of "Yanxi strategy", Yanxi palace has become a hot spot of the Forbidden City. "In fact, Yanxi palace has a very good exhibition, and lingmuxuan is also the witness of a legendary history. It's really a good thing that the hot broadcast of TV plays can let more people come here to visit and understand history and culture. '
According to Beiqing daily, many of the tourists in line at the gate of Yanxi Palace are attracted by fame. Ms. Lin, who came to Beijing from Shandong Province, said she came to see Yanxi palace after watching Yanxi strategy. 'the appearance of Yanxi palace is totally different from what I imagined. I didn't expect it to be a Western-style building. At first, I thought it was inconceivable. Later, after reading the introduction in Yanxi palace, I learned about that period of history, and then I understood why Yanxi palace became like this. '
Some tourists passed Yanxi Palace by chance in the process of visiting the Forbidden City, but after seeing the plaque on the gate of Yanxi palace, they realized that this is the source of the name of Yanxi strategy, so they stopped.
In order to provide better experience for tourists, the palace museum also set up a signboard in front of Yanxi palace, and released the virtual reality experience QR code of lingzaoxuan, the main building of Yanxi palace. After scanning the QR code, tourists can panoramic view the restored lingzaoxuan through mobile phone. A netizen who has experienced virtual viewing said that by comparing the original design of the building with the existing sites, he can feel the rise and fall of history and the change of time more. '
"Face changing" has been rebuilt many times
In fact, there is no original appearance of Yanxi palace in the Palace Museum. According to the official website of the Palace Museum, Yanxi palace is one of the six palaces in the east of the inner court, which is located on the east side of the East erchang street. It was built in 1420, the 18th year of Yongle in Ming Dynasty, and was first named Changshou palace. In the 14th year of Jiajing (1535), it was renamed Yanqi palace. It was not until the Qing Dynasty that it was renamed Yanxi palace and rebuilt in 1686, the 25th year of Kangxi. The concubines lived in Ming and Qing Dynasties, and the concubines of emperor Guangdi and Chenggui lived here.
When it was first built, Yanxi palace had the same pattern as the other five palaces in the East six palaces. They were all in front of and behind the courtyard. There were five main halls in the front courtyard, the top of the yellow glazed tile, the inscription of Emperor Qianlong's imperial pen in the interior, saying 'careful praise of the emblem sound', the Emperor Qianlong's praise of making Cao empress in the east wall, and the empress Cao's map in the west wall. There are three East and West supporting halls in front of the hall. There are 5 main halls in the backyard and 3 auxiliary halls in the East and West, all of which are hard peaks with yellow glazed tiles. A fire in the 25th year of Daoguang's reign (1845) opened a hundred years of disastrous history of Yanxi palace. The fire destroyed 25 buildings, including the main hall, the back hall and the East-West supporting Hall of Yanxi palace, leaving the palace gate. In 1872, there was a proposal for reconstruction, but it could not be realized. In the first year of Xuantong (1909), a western style building began to be built on the original site of Yanxi palace, and its appearance has changed since then.
When Zhang Xun was restored in 1917, the northern part of Yanxi palace was bombed by the aircraft of the direct forces. In 1931, the Palace Museum transformed it into a storehouse of cultural relics.
Film and TV series and history should be treated differently
According to song Tong, a lecturer at the Institute of Qing history, School of history, Renmin University of China, there are few detailed records of concubines in Chinese historical materials, so it is difficult to have a clear answer whether the concubines lived in Yanxi palace in history.
Song Tong told Beiqing daily that there were no restrictions on the residence of concubines' palaces in the Qing Dynasty. A concubine did not necessarily correspond to a palace, and the change of residence happened from time to time. "So it's normal that the concubine lived in Yanxi palace. Since the script of the TV play was written in this way, it's probably after textual research, so it's not necessary to dispute whether the concubine lived or not. '
In recent years, in addition to "Yanxi strategy", there are endless TV dramas about the palace of Qing Dynasty. In order to increase the effect of drama, it is inevitable that there will be some plots that are not consistent with historical facts. Therefore, Qinggong opera is often criticized for "falsifying history".
To this end, song Tong said: 'film and television play is film and television play, which belongs to the category of art and is a kind of literary creation. It has its own artistic requirements, which is not suitable to take any historical requirements to demand it. You can't let them make plays according to history books, or let us teach history with scripts. These are two levels of things, just the same theme '.