The Tangshan earthquake on July 28, 1976 has become an extremely rare geological disaster in modern history, causing major casualties. Today is the 42nd anniversary of the Tangshan earthquake, and it is also a day worthy of all Chinese people's memory. How many people died in the Tangshan earthquake? Why did the Tangshan earthquake cause such heavy casualties?
How many people died in the Tangshan earthquake
The Tangshan earthquake on July 28, 1976 has become a rare geological disaster in modern history, which has caused major casualties. In this geological disaster, the whole city has become a ruin. The sudden disaster is undoubtedly snow and frost for China with complex international situation. How many people died in the Tangshan earthquake?
According to the official statistics, the death toll caused by the incident is 242419, including the Japanese, Americans and other countries living in Tangshan. The earthquake also caused about 190000 people to be injured in varying degrees. At the same time, more than 83% of the buildings in the whole city of Tangshan and the surrounding 14 towns were destroyed. Within 50 kilometers, there was a piece of ruins, and more than a dozen provinces around had a certain sense of earthquake.
But in this case, there have been different opinions about the number of deaths. In the WikiLeaks version of Japan, the Tangshan earthquake in China killed about 600000 to 800000 people, while in the statistics released by the U.S. Geological Bureau, about 655000 people died in this earthquake. In the face of different international statistics, the official 240000 is not convincing. At that time, only Tangshan City injured 1.1 million people, including the magnitude of the earthquake. There are huge differences between the Chinese government and foreign reports.
So how many people died in the Tangshan earthquake may not be clear, but the impact of the earthquake is huge, people can not be revived, which is also the inevitable pain in the hearts of the people of Tangshan. This avoidable earthquake caused such heavy casualties, which has to be deeply reflected.
Tangshan earthquake rescue
After the Tangshan earthquake, the Chinese government and people were greatly shocked, and also inspired the government and the people of the whole country to bravely overcome all difficulties, which brought new vitality to the rescue of the Tangshan earthquake.
After the Tangshan earthquake, the Party Central Committee gave instructions at the first time, sparing no effort to carry out the quickest and most accurate rescue of the earthquake stricken areas and people in Tangshan. In order to win valuable time for the rescue work, all military regions, central authorities and relevant departments and units in all provinces and cities of the Chinese people's Liberation Army have taken action, including the Beijing Military Region, which has sent more than 27000 people More than 40 medical assistance teams, more than 6500 different types of vehicles. Shenyang Military Region rushed to the front line of the earthquake for emergency rescue on the second day after the earthquake.
In the seven days after the Tangshan earthquake, in a very short period of time, the number of soldiers and civilians participating in the rescue work has reached more than 100000, and more than 5000 vehicles have been sent out from different places. In the then Tangshan airport, in two days, the number of rescue flights has reached nearly 800 sorties, thousands of wounded people and thousands of tons of rescue materials. The first Time has supported Tangshan and solved the urgent need of the earthquake area.
Tangshan earthquake rescue work can be described as timely and effective, and it is also appreciated to have concentrated forces from all over the country in the shortest time to carry out post disaster rescue in Tangshan. However, after the Tangshan earthquake, the Chinese government refused the support and rescue of foreign rescue teams, which is also a criticism of the government at that time, and has become a major failure of the rescue work. After the Tangshan earthquake, the rescue work has been basically completed in about 12 days, which is also called a miracle in the world rescue history.
The truth of Tangshan earthquake
At 3:42 on July 28, 1976, a devastating earthquake shocked the world in Tangshan City, Hebei Province. In a short period of time, the buildings of the whole city were turned into disorderly ruins. About this earthquake, many data were discussed as natural disasters caused by the movement of the earth plate. What is the truth of the Tangshan earthquake?
As early as in 1967 before the Tangshan earthquake, Li Siguang, the Minister of geology, once expressed his own opinions on the results of groundwater survey in Hebei Province. He said that some work should be reduced or given up in Qian'an area of Hebei Province to reduce unnecessary underground mining activities. If this situation continues, it is difficult to rule out the possibility of a major earthquake.
In the first half year of Tangshan earthquake, China National Earthquake Monitoring Center has issued more than ten earthquake risk warnings successively. It is predicted that there will be a strong earthquake in July, July or the second half of 1976. Two hours before the earthquake, the earthquake workers made an urgent prediction: the land resistivity near Qian'an changed rapidly, the geological structure changed from a slight fault to a strong fault fracture, and a destructive earthquake of magnitude 7 or above may occur. Only two hours later, the Tangshan earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, killed 240000 people in Tangshan and left the whole city in ruins.
The truth of the Tangshan earthquake was caused by more human factors. After the earthquake, the Chinese government refused the assistance of the international community, which led to more post earthquake losses in the rescue and recovery work after the earthquake. The Tangshan earthquake was a natural disaster, but there were also many human factors involved, which also reflected the slow administrative efficiency of the government at that time, which could bring about The impact is worth rethinking.