Why do leg cramps occur during pregnancy? For many pregnant expectant mothers, there will be sudden leg cramps during sleep in the late pregnancy. Do you know what causes them? How to prevent leg cramps during pregnancy?
No one knows the real cause of a pregnant woman's leg cramp. These may be caused by: increased body weight fatigues the leg muscles; increased uterine pressure on the blood vessels flowing back from the legs to the heart; increased uterine pressure on the nerves that transmit information from the body trunk to the legs.
Leg cramps usually begin in the middle of pregnancy and increase with the progress of pregnancy and the increase of female stomach. Although leg cramps may occur during the day, they should be most obvious at night. Leg cramps can affect women's sleep at night.
How to prevent leg cramps?
The following methods can prevent leg cramps:
Avoid standing or sitting with legs crossed for a long time.
Stretch the calf muscles regularly during the day and several times before going to bed at night.
Turn your ankles and toes while sitting to eat and watch TV.
Take a walk every day, unless the doctor doesn't recommend female exercise.
Avoid getting too tired. Lie to the left to improve blood circulation.
Drink plenty of water during the day to keep your body hydrated.
Take a hot bath before going to bed to relax your muscles.
Some studies have shown that in addition to prenatal vitamins, taking magnesium supplements can also help women prevent leg cramps. However, other studies have shown that magnesium supplements have no significant effect on women with frequent or severe leg cramps during pregnancy. Pregnant women should consult a doctor before taking any nutritional products.
Many people have heard that leg cramps are a sign of calcium deficiency, and calcium supplements can relieve the symptoms. Although it's important to get enough calcium, there's not enough evidence that extra calcium can relieve leg cramps during pregnancy.
In fact, a well-designed study showed that pregnant women who took calcium tablets were no better at relieving leg cramps than those who did not.
What is the best way to relieve leg cramps?
If you have leg cramps, it's best to immediately stretch the calf muscles: first straighten the legs and heels, then gently turn your toes to the front of the calf. It may hurt a little at first, but it will relieve the spasm and the pain will gradually disappear.
You can also try to relieve cramps by massaging or warming your muscles with a hot water bottle. Getting out of bed for a walk will also help.
What if the pain persists?
If the muscles continue to ache rather than cramp accidentally - which may be accompanied by swelling and swelling of the legs - please contact your doctor immediately. These may be signs of blood clots that need immediate treatment. Thrombus is rare, but it is more likely to occur during pregnancy.