Recently, an online article titled "eating litchi on an empty stomach, 10 children die! Doctor's appeal rings the alarm bell for everyone!" swiped the screen in the circle of friends. Many netizens trembled with fright and said, 'quickly throw away the litchi in your hand'. Why does eating litchi even lead to death? What's the matter? So for parents and friends, never let children eat litchi on an empty stomach.
Recently, an article titled "eat litchi on an empty stomach, 10 children die! The doctor's call rings the alarm bell for everyone!" was swiped in wechat friend circle, with a rapid reading volume of 100000 +. Many citizens, especially parents, have forwarded it, calling it 'too terrible'! Some netizens joked: 'I was so scared that I threw away the litchi in my hand. '
Recently, a 7-year-old boy in Guangzhou suffered from a coma after eating too many litchi on an empty stomach. He was diagnosed as "litchi disease". Finally, he was rescued in time and escaped from the danger. As a doctor, the article said: the child is lucky to be able to 'escape from death', but there have been many unfortunate things that need to be alerted by parents.
According to the article, 71 cases of "litchi disease" were treated in hospitals in China, aged from 2 to 10 years old, of which 61 cases were successfully rescued. In the 10 cases of death, the main reason is that the patients failed to supplement the concentrated sugar in time in the early stage of the disease, or failed to see a doctor in time for more than 10 hours of repeated convulsions. Although actively rescued, they still failed to save lives.
What is litchi disease? Li Xinyi, clinical nutritionist of Nutrition Department of West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, told Chengdu business daily client reporter:
It turns out that litchi contains not only 80% water, but also a lot of fructose, protein, pectin and other substances. The maintenance of blood glucose level in the human body mainly depends on glucose. After daily eating, fructose will become glucose under the action of various enzymes in the human body.
On an empty stomach, people's blood sugar is at a low level. At this time, they eat litchi in large quantities. In a short period of time, fructose is converted into a large amount of glucose, which stimulates the islet beta; cells to secrete a large amount of insulin, thus transmitting the wrong signal to the liver, leading to hypoglycemia symptoms, such as heart attack, fatigue, even high fever, convulsion, coma, etc.
The brain also relies on glucose for energy supply. When the blood sugar is reduced, the brain is not enough for energy supply, resulting in changes in cerebrospinal fluid and brain edema. "Li Xinyi said that when it is serious, it will endanger life.
Why are children easy to get sick? Li Xinyi said, in fact, adults may also have 'Litchi disease', but the blood sugar balance ability of adults is better, the balance ability of the elderly and children is poor, coupled with the rapid development of children's disease, so symptoms appear faster.
At the same time, the season when litchi comes to market is just in the early summer, which coincides with the high incidence of gastroenteritis, fever, viral meningitis and other seasons. Many parents do not have the awareness that litchi will cause hypoglycemia. If they fail to see a doctor in time or inform the doctor to eat litchi on an empty stomach after their children have symptoms, it is also easy to cause misdiagnosis.
If there are mild symptoms of litchi disease, timely supplement of glucose solution can alleviate the symptoms. "Li Xinyi said, but still suggested that parents send their children to a doctor as soon as possible.
Children and old people should not eat more than 5 at a time
How to eat lychees correctly? Li Xinyi introduced that eating lychees and other high sugar fruits, it is recommended to eat about half an hour after the meal, avoid eating them on an empty stomach. Children and the elderly, no more than 5 at a time, adults do not eat more than 300 grams a day.