The third day of the third lunar month is the traditional song festival of Zhuang nationality. It is also an important festival for the Han, Yao, Miao, Dong, Mulao, Maonan and other Guangxi ethnic groups. March 3 now exists as a special festival, so how do people of all ethnic groups celebrate this festival? Let's learn from Xiaobian.
The custom of March 3
1. Five color glutinous rice board
Before the festival, we prepare five colored glutinous rice board and colored eggs. People collected red orchid, yellow rice flower, maple leaf, purple rattan and soaked glutinous rice with the juice of these plants to make glutinous rice with five colors of red, yellow, black, purple and white. According to legend, this kind of food was passed down after being praised by fairies; it was also said that it was for the sacrifice of the singer Liu Sanjie. After eating this kind of food, people are thriving and healthy. Colored eggs are the objects used by the young men and women in the song fair to communicate their feelings.
The Zhuang family love five color rice, and take it as a symbol of happiness and auspiciousness.
In addition to the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar, people also make five color glutinous rice for social day, the Chinese New Year's day and even the new year's day. In the happy days such as the full moon of the children and the completion of the new house, we also need to cook five color rice and send it to the neighbors. Zhuang people also love maple leaf, believing that maple leaf can "eliminate evil spirits and exorcise ghosts", bringing people auspiciousness and peace. Therefore, on the third day of the third lunar month, when making five color rice, every household is equipped with a carefully selected maple leaf. Even the dregs of dye used to make five-color rice should be sprinkled at the foot of the wall around the house to ward off evil spirits and ensure safety.
After the third of the third lunar month and the autumn harvest, the folk associations of some ethnic minority areas in Guangxi spontaneously organized the fireworks snatching movement. Men, women, old and young will wear festival costumes, and rush to the venue at dawn. People who snatch fireworks are considered to be the most blessed and favored by girls in the coming year.
There are 8 people in each team participating in the firecracker snatching. The team members rush into the other's turret by means of breakthrough, blocking, changing direction, fast charging, etc., and put the firecracker into the score. The rules are similar to Western rugby, so they are called "Oriental Rugby". The traditional 'firecracker' is an iron ring, about 5cm in diameter, wrapped with red cloth or silk. The venue is usually located on the bank or hillside, with no limit on the number of people or teams. Each gun must be robbed and three guns are over.
March 3 is a traditional festival of many nationalities in China. It is on the third day of the third lunar month.
In ancient times, it was called S & igrave (S & igrave;) Festival, which commemorated the Yellow Emperor. It is said that March 3 is the birthday of the Yellow Emperor. Since ancient times in China, it has been said that "February 2, when the dragon looks up, March 3, when the Xuanyuan is born".
After the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Shangsi festival was changed to March 3, which was followed by the descendants and became a festival for drinking by the water and enjoying spring in the countryside. The third day of the third lunar month is also the birthday of Zhenwu, the Taoist God. The full name of Zhenwu emperor is' Beizhen Naiwu Xuantian Emperor ', also known as Xuantian God, Xuanwu, Zhenwu Zhenjun. Born on the third day of the third lunar month in the ancient Xuanyuan era. Many experts proposed to set up "Chinese Christmas" on March 3 and Shangsi festival to enhance national cohesion.
March 3 is also a traditional festival of the Zhuang people. The Zhuang people call it "wobupo" or "WOPO". It was originally meant to sing outside the TongWai and in the fields. Therefore, it is also called "Gewei Festival" to commemorate sister Liu Sanjie, so it is also called "gexianhui".
The third day of the third lunar month is the traditional song festival of Zhuang nationality. It is also an important festival for the Han, Yao, Miao, Dong, Mulao, Maonan and other Guangxi ethnic groups. More than 27 million of the 12 ethnic groups in the region celebrate 'March 3' in different ways every year, with the custom of taking the third day of the third lunar month as their important festival. Now I will select a few ethnic minorities inherited in Guangxi to introduce them to you.
Zhuang people: more than Zhuang people go to the song fair on March 3, set up a song studio and hold a song festival. Young men and women sing, touch eggs, throw embroidered balls and talk about love. It's said that the festival was formed to commemorate the third sister Liu, the singer of Zhuang nationality, so it is also called the festival of singing immortals. Zhuang people come to visit tombs more than on March 3. They usually steam five colored glutinous rice on March 3.
Dong people: more than festivals, Dong people hold such activities as firecracker snatching, bullfighting, horse fighting, dueling, and stepping on the hall, also known as "firecracker Festival".
Miao Nationality: March 3 is the Valentine's day of Miao nationality. On this day, Miao girls dressed in costumes come to a fixed place to show their beauty. The lads also wait for this day. They have the chance to meet many girls, sing with them, and if they like each other, they can go home immediately. So after the concert, you can see a lot of men and women talking. On this day, Miao people's families killed chickens and caught fish, steamed three colored rice, and sacrificed to their ancestors.
Yao Nationality: also known as "ganba Festival". Ganba Festival is a festival for the collective fishing and hunting of Yao nationality. Just at the beginning of the day, the adult men of Yao nationality carry bows and muskets, take Baba and embark on the fishing and hunting journey at dawn. The women left behind kill chickens and ducks at home, make glutinous rice rice and prepare rich festival food. After the fishing and hunting, the men will distribute the wild fish caught by households and gather in Guangzhou at night Field, the male beat the bronze drum, the female danced lightly. People enjoy the joy after work, and wish a good harvest and a happy holiday.
Buyi Nationality: the Buyi Nationality kills pigs to sacrifice to the gods of society and mountains on festivals, eats yellow glutinous rice, and does not communicate with each other in three or four days.
Li Nationality: on March 3 every year, when the flowers are blooming, the red cotton is blooming, and the areca is fragrant, the men and women of Li nationality will put on their costumes, bring the Shanlan rice wine, bamboo tube rice and zongzi, and come to the assembly point from all sides to sacrifice their ancestors. When night falls and the wind blows, the elderly gather to drink and reminisce, while the young men and women meet in groups to sing and express their love. When the day will break, we will say goodbye and meet again on March 3 next year.
Tujia: on March 3 of Tujia, it's Tujia's Valentine's day. On the day of March 3, the brothers and sisters of Tujia nationality got together to form a marriage with folk songs.