Eid al Fitr, also known as Rouzi festival or festival, and Eid al AdhA are two major Islamic festivals. Muslims fast throughout the month in Ramadan (the ninth month), generally no more than three days. On this day, Muslims put on their holiday costumes and went to the mosque to attend the ceremony and celebrations to congratulate the successful completion of fasting. So, what is the date of Eid al Fitr in 2019? What's the holiday of Eid al AdhA? How many days are there?
When is the 2019 Xinjiang Rouzi Festival? Holiday arrangement for 2019 Xinjiang Rouzi Festival
How many days will Xinjiang Rouzi Festival be off in 2019
June 5 (Wednesday) is the Rouzi Festival, which is expected to be closed for 3 days
How many days will Xinjiang's gurbangjie holiday be in 2019
August 11 (Sunday) is gulbon day, and it is expected to have a holiday of 7 days
Origin of Rouzi Festival (Rouzi Festival is Eid al Fitr)
According to Islamic classics, the Prophet Muhammad went to the Hilla mountain stream near Mecca to meditate and pray every month before preaching. In the month of Ramadan in 610 ad, the prophet suddenly received a revelation from Allah while meditating and praying. He ordered him to pass on the teachings of Allah as an 'messenger'. Later, the Prophet Muhammad set this month as Ramadan to commemorate it. At the same time, religious jurists explained that 'fasting is to let the rich taste hunger and thirst, so that they do not want extravagance and extravagance; We should economize on food and clothing and save money to help the poor. ".
After more than 1400 years of evolution, Eid al Fitr has become a traditional cultural festival for all nationalities who believe in Islam. On this day, Muslims not only bathe and purify themselves, but also wear holiday costumes, visit relatives and friends, say "plug your eyes" (I wish you peace) and pray for happiness in the coming year.
The festival period of the Hui people's gulbang Festival
Eid al AdhA is a religious festival, which falls on December 10 of the Islamic calendar. The calendar used by Islam is divided into the solar calendar and the lunar calendar. The solar calendar is used for farming, 365 days or 366 days a year, which is basically the same as the Gregorian calendar. The lunar calendar is used for teaching. It has 354 or 355 days a year, which is about ten days different from the samsara of the four seasons. The second day of the Prophet Muhammad's reign in Medina (July 16, 622) is the new year's day of the Islamic calendar. Due to the difference between the dates of gurbangh Festival and Rouzi Festival and the Gregorian calendar, these new year festivals are sometimes in winter and sometimes in summer. Different seasons have different colors of festivals, which makes the New Year Festival extremely colorful.
How did the Hui people get their Eid al AdhA
In Arabic, the festival is called 'ERD Gul Bang', also known as' ERD aizuha ' 'ERD' means festival. Both 'gurbang' and 'aizuha' contain the meaning of 'slaughtering and offering animals'. Therefore, the name of this festival is usually translated into Chinese as' Eid al AdhA ', that is, the festival of slaughter and sacrifice. Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz and other nationalities in Xinjiang transliterate it as' Kurban Festival '.
The time of Eid al AdhA is set on December 10 of the Islamic calendar. Before the festival, every family cleaned their houses and was busy refining Festival cakes. On the morning of the festival, Muslims should bathe in fragrance, tidy their clothes and go to the mosque to attend the ceremony. Uyghur people in Xinjiang hold a grand maixilaifu song and dance rally in urban and rural squares during the gurbang Festival. There is another scene around the square: colorful umbrella sheds, cloth sheds, cloth accounts and plywood rooms are paved with all kinds of wooden tables, scooters, carpets, blankets and square towels, with a variety of fancy food and snacks. In Xinjiang, Kazak, Kirgiz, Tajik, Uzbek and other ethnic groups also hold sheep picking, horse racing, wrestling and other competitions during the festival.
The etiquette and customs of the Eid al Adha
Before the festival, Muslims of all ethnic groups in China cleaned the indoor and outdoor hygiene, cleaned the family courtyards, streets and alleys, and stacked things in an orderly manner. Every family should fry oil incense, Sanzi and flowers before the festival. The children put on their holiday clothes and ran and danced happily.
During the morning ceremony of the festival, adults wash, bathe, burn incense, put on neat clothes, go to the mosque to attend the ceremony, and read out the 'response words' loudly while walking (Allah is great, Allah is great, Allah is the only non Lord of all things, Allah is great, Allah is great, and all praise belongs to Allah). Abstain from eating for half a day on this day and eat after the ceremony (teaching is of course).
There are two popular sayings among Muslims: 'if you can't be a Muslim in the month, you have to be a Muslim in the year; A hundred miles to drive the main hemp, a thousand miles to drive the wild '. This means that no matter how busy you are, you must attend this annual ceremony and celebration. Even if you don't understand Muslim customs, you have to go to the mosque to participate in activities.
Like Eid al Fitr, the ceremony of Eid al AdhA is very grand. The Imam led all Muslims to bow and worship to the West. If it is held in a large township, it can be described as a sea of people, many but not chaotic. In the ceremony, we should recall what mistakes we have done and what crimes we have committed during the year. The Imam should preach 'Woltz', that is, teachings and things that need to be observed by everyone. Finally, we say hello to each other.
After the ceremony, a grand ceremony will be held. This is the festival. In addition to fried oil incense, Sanzi and other delicacies, sheep, cattle and camels will also be slaughtered. Generally, if the economic conditions are better, each person should kill a sheep, and seven people should kill a cow or a camel. There are still many things to pay attention to when slaughtering animals: first, it is not allowed to slaughter lambs under the age of two, calves under the age of three and camels under the age of six. Second, do not slaughter livestock that are blind, lame, lack ears and have few tails. Choose strong and fit animals to slaughter. Third, those who stay at home at the time of slaughter are 'mustahab & rsquo;. Fourth, when slaughtering the animals, they should be slowly bound, gently pushed down, and the animal face to the West. Fifth, read 'tequil' three times,
Then, you must use a sharp knife. Self slaughter is a holy act. When slaughtering, you should cut off three tubes: trachea, blood vessels (two) and esophagus. If you cut one tube less, it is illegal. Sixth, the slaughter time is valid within three days after the ceremony. Seventh, if you want to slaughter animals, but you don't get livestock within three days, you shouldn't slaughter them again in the future; If it has been bought, it will be scattered; If it has not been bought, the price of slaughtering will be scattered among the poor before it can be relieved of responsibility. 8. The skin, bones, horns and other objects of the slaughtered animals shall not be used as butchers, remuneration for stripping work, or buy money for shopping for their own use. It is better to distribute them to the poor or buy money to help the poor. Ninth, the meat to be slaughtered should be divided into three parts: one for self eating, one for relatives, friends and neighbors, and one for helping the poor.
After the slaughter ceremony, every household began to bustle again. While cooking meat, the old people told their children that after eating meat, bones should not be thrown to dogs to chew, but should be covered with loess. This is a kind of stress on the Eid al AdhA. After the meat is cooked, it should be cut into pieces and made into components; Sheep should be stewed into vegetables. Then they visit relatives and friends, present fragrant oil and vegetables, and visit each other to celebrate the festival. Most Muslims also invited imams to their homes to do religious ceremonies such as knowing and chanting scriptures, so as to remember their ancestors and pray for the peace of the whole family.
There are various forms of this celebration festival, which is basically similar to Eid al Fitr, and there are similarities and differences between different places. In addition to attending ceremonies and visiting relatives and friends, some places also organize various recreational and sports activities. Muslims in Xinjiang, both men and women, like to organize all kinds of recreational activities on the Eid al AdhA, especially lively. Xinjiang's rural areas generally hold activities such as picking sheep and singing in pairs. When singing in pairs, they touch the scenery and create improvisations. They especially like to sing songs such as flowers and youth. Muslim youth in Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai and other places sing 'flowers' during the festival. Shiyan mosque holds a celebration Symposium every year to invite representatives of other nationalities to participate in the theme of celebrating the festival, national reunification, national unity and religious harmony. Everyone speaks freely and celebrates the festival happily. The festivals of Muslims of all ethnic groups are becoming more and more rich and grand!
The significance of the Eid al Adha
The significance of slaughtering animals can be divided into four points: first, learn the fearless spirit of Ibrahim and his son's awe and obedience to Allah; Second, distribute the slaughtered meat to the poor, so that the poor can feel the festivity and happiness of the festival; Third, restrain selfish desires and cultivate perseverance and noble morality; Fourth, we can not only fear the Lord, but also be pro, love, public and good for anyone or anything. Man is the spirit of all things. Through this great test, we can realize the real significance of slaughtering animals, cherish the time of this world, be brothers and sisters with the people of all ethnic groups, live in harmony, respect and love each other, and reach the standard of a real Mu people.