What should be done before the upper ring? What are the precautions after the upper ring
4hw.org: many couples don't want to have children immediately after they get married. Contraceptive harvest has become the primary consideration. Compared with taking various contraceptives, shanghuan contraceptive is a relatively safe contraceptive measure. What tests should shanghuan do? What precautions should be taken after shanghuan? Let's learn about it together!
What inspection should be done before the upper ring
Item 1: uterine cavity examination
Through the examination of uterine cavity, it is necessary to know whether there is intrauterine adhesions or endometriosis in women, and also to check whether the uterine cavity is suitable for the placement of contraceptive ring.
Item 2: inflammation examination
Because the upper ring is also a kind of surgery, the instrument enters the uterine cavity through the cervix, at this time it is easy to bring the bacteria of the vagina into the uterine cavity, causing uterine inflammation.
Item 3: oviduct examination
The structure of the contraceptive ring is very special, which will cause pressure on the opening of the uterine cavity of the fallopian tube. If the opening of some women's fallopian tubes is very special, it is not suitable to place the contraceptive ring. However, unsuitable women are rare
Item 4: pelvic examination
Pelvic examination is a very common examination. Through pelvic examination, we can directly observe and find the lesions of vulva, vagina and cervix. By touching the uterus and ovary, we mainly want to know the specific situation of female internal reproductive organs. It is worth noting that female friends must avoid menstruation when doing pelvic examination.
Item 5: gynecological examination
In the upper ring surgery, gynecological examination is necessary, mainly to check the situation of women's cervix and uterus, vagina, parauterine tissue, ovary, pelvic wall, and fallopian tube, to see if the female friend has gynecological inflammation, if there is gynecological inflammation, the upper ring surgery can only be carried out after the disease is cured.
Item 6: blood routine examination
Blood routine examination is also a necessary item before the upper ring. Blood routine examination is the most scientific, reliable and basic laboratory examination in clinical practice. General items of blood routine examination mainly include red blood cells, hemoglobin, white blood cells, etc.
Precautions after upper ring
Note 1 after the upper ring: guarantee rest
After the operation, it is necessary to rest for 3 days, do not do heavy physical work within 1 week, prohibit sitting bath and sexual life within 2 weeks, defecate or menstruation within 3 months, and pay attention to whether the contraceptive device falls off. In the first three days, there may be a small amount of vaginal bleeding and increased leucorrhea, but it can disappear without treatment.
Note 2 after upper ring: keep vulva clean
There will be a small amount of bleeding in vagina after ring releasing operation. Pay attention to the cleanness of vulva. Wash the vulva with clear water every night. Do not wash the vagina by hand. Sexual intercourse is forbidden within 2 weeks. Bath and swimming should also be suspended.
Note 3 after the upper ring: observe the bleeding
Gynecological hospital experts said that in the first month after the ring, some women may have breakthrough bleeding or drip bleeding, or reappear in the next few months.
Note: some women may have prolonged menstruation and excessive menstrual blood, especially at the beginning of the 13th menstrual cycle. These are normal phenomena, do not need special treatment, and can gradually recover later. If the bleeding time is too long, you can take appropriate drugs to prevent infection, if necessary, to the hospital.
Notice 4 after ring up: check on time
Regular follow-up should be carried out once a month, half a year and a year after the operation. After that, the follow-up should be carried out once a year to check whether there is shedding or ectopia.
Side effects of the upper ring
Side effect of upper ring 1: abnormal pregnancy
The contraceptive ring can only prevent the normal pregnancy in the uterine cavity, but not the abnormal pregnancy outside the uterus (i.e. ectopic pregnancy). Therefore, it is inevitable that a small number of women who use contraceptive ring will have ectopic pregnancy Ectopic pregnancy is when the embryo does not reach the uterus while it is still in the fallopian tube. The contraceptive ring can only cause the embryo abortion in the uterus, but can not avoid the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy; in addition, there may be the symptoms of pregnancy with the ring. Generally speaking, the effect of the upper ring contraceptive is not good enough to take the contraceptive pill and carry out the contraceptive operation. Therefore, women should take necessary measures to avoid ring pregnancy.
Side effect of the upper ring II: uterine perforation
There is no exact reason for uterine perforation. One possibility is that the size and shape of the ring do not match the size and shape of the uterus, or that the doctor made a mistake when she put the ring on the woman. In addition, if women have more intense exercise or exercise for a long time, the uterus will be subject to greater vibration, and the rings in the body may also damage the uterus. If the contraction of the uterus occurs, but the cause of the contraction is unknown, the ring in the uterus may be compressed, and the uterus may also be perforated.
The third side effect of the upper ring: Endometrial fibrosis
It has to be admitted that the contraceptive ring is a foreign body in the human body. It is a common medical knowledge that foreign bodies in the human body can cause mechanical damage, chronic inflammation and fibrosis of local tissues. Generally speaking, 10 to 12 years after the upper ring, endometrial fibrosis will occur. Therefore, it is suggested that women should not choose the contraceptive ring for too long.
Side effects of the upper ring 4: damage to other internal organs
Generally speaking, this rarely happens, but if it has caused perforation, the contraceptive ring is likely to have 'penetrated' into the abdominal cavity of the female and then hurt other organs. In other words, the ring may change its position. The position of the ring may be in the bladder, on the mesentery or in the female pelvis.