What are the areas where the minimum wage will be raised
4hw.org: the minimum wage is to ensure people's living security in a region. In recent years, with the price increase, the average wage in various regions is also rising. In this year alone, 22 regions have raised the minimum wage standard. Let's see the details below!
22 regions raise the minimum wage
In December, the minimum monthly wage standard of Zhejiang Province was adjusted to four levels of 2010 yuan, 1800 yuan, 1660 yuan and 1500 yuan from December 1. Liaoning Province has also recently announced an increase in the minimum wage since January 1, 2018.
So far, according to incomplete statistics, since this year, at least 22 regions including Shanghai, Zhejiang, Tianjin, Beijing, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Hubei, Henan, Fujian, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Liaoning, Hunan, Qinghai and Shenzhen have announced to raise the minimum wage standard.
Zhongxin.com found that the number of regions that raised the minimum wage in 2017 increased significantly compared with 2016. According to the data, only nine regions raised the minimum wage in 2016.
Why will the regions that raise the minimum wage this year increase dramatically? Su Hainan, vice president of the Chinese Labor Association, told China news.com that according to the minimum wage regulations, the minimum wage standard can be adjusted once every two years. Last year, the downward pressure on China's economy was relatively high. This year, China's economy has remained stable and improving, and the business operation of enterprises has improved. In addition, most regions did not adjust last year. As a result, the regions that raised the minimum wage this year have increased.
Minimum wage in May 2000 yuan
According to the minimum wage regulations, the minimum wage standard generally takes the form of monthly minimum wage standard and hourly minimum wage standard. The monthly minimum wage standard is applicable to full-time employees, and the hourly minimum wage standard is applicable to part-time employees.
After the increase of the minimum wage standard, the monthly minimum wage standard in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Zhejiang, Tianjin and Beijing has reached 2000 yuan.
Among them, the monthly minimum wage standard in Shanghai is 2300 yuan, the highest in China; in Shenzhen, 2130 yuan; in Zhejiang, the third, the first monthly minimum wage standard is 2010 yuan; in Tianjin, the monthly minimum wage standard this year is the first time to break through the 2000 mark, reaching 2050 yuan; in Beijing, the monthly minimum wage standard is just 2000 yuan.
Why are there different levels of minimum wage?
Careful people can find that in the same province, district and city, there are different levels of minimum wage standards. Why?
Originally, according to the minimum wage regulations, different administrative regions within the scope of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government could have different minimum wage standards.
However, the reporter noted that some provinces began to merge several levels of standards into one standard. For example, the monthly minimum wage in Qinghai Province is adjusted from 1250 yuan in Xining and Haidong, 1260 yuan in Haibei, Hainan and Huangnan, 1270 yuan in Haixi, Guoluo and Yushu, and 1500 yuan in the whole province.
Does the minimum wage include "five insurances and one fund"?
Reporters found that every time the minimum wage standard was raised, many netizens would ask: does the minimum wage include 'five insurances and one gold'?
In this regard, there are different regulations in different regions, some of which are explicitly excluded, while others are included. For example, Beijing and Shanghai have made it clear that the social insurance premiums and housing accumulation funds that individual workers should pay are not part of the minimum wage standard, and the employer should pay them separately according to the regulations.
However, Guizhou and other places have made it clear that the monthly minimum wage standard includes the basic endowment insurance premium, medical insurance premium, unemployment insurance premium and housing accumulation fund that individual workers should pay.
According to Sunan, the minimum wage standard of "five insurances and one fund" is not included, and its "gold content" is higher. Because the employer needs to pay separately, for the workers, they will get more wages.
What is the effect of raising the minimum wage?
What will be the impact of the gradual increase of the minimum wage standard? In the view of Hainan, the increase of the minimum wage standard is very important to guarantee and improve the basic life of low-income workers and their supporting population, and will also drive the wage level of other posts and the calculation base of overtime wage.
At the same time, some treatment standards linked to the minimum wage will rise accordingly. According to the guidance on adjusting the standard of unemployment insurance benefits issued by the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of finance this year, the standard of unemployment insurance benefits will be gradually raised to 90% of the minimum wage standard. According to the 90% standard, as the minimum wage increases, the local unemployment compensation standard will also rise.
In general, the adjustment of the minimum wage standard should follow the principle of moderation and Appropriateness. On the one hand, we should ensure that the living standards of low-income wage workers and their supporting population do not decline due to price rise and other factors, and strive to form a proper proportion relationship with the average social wage. On the other hand, we must consider the affordability of enterprises to ensure the minimum wage standard The increase will not affect the normal operation of the enterprise, and coordinate and balance the interests of both labor and capital.