Sihai network

You must know the knowledge of earthquake escape and self rescue

You must know the knowledge of earthquake escape and self rescue

Sihai network: at 06:34 on November 18, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake occurred in Milin County, Linzhi City, Tibet (29.75 n, 95.02 E), with a focal depth of 10 km. Pray for Lin Zhi, hope everything is OK! We all need to know about earthquake escape and self rescue. You must know and teach the following self rescue and self rescue knowledge to the people around you.

1. Shock absorption points:

To run or hide in an earthquake, most experts in China think that it is a better way to avoid the earthquake nearby and evacuate to a safe place quickly after the earthquake. The shock should be done in a strong indoor object that can cover the body, a small and supported place, and an open and safe place in the room. The posture that the body should take: Crouch and wait, squat or sit down, curl up as much as possible, and reduce the center of gravity of the body Grasp the table legs and other solid objects. Protect the head and neck, eyes, mouth and nose. Avoid the flow of people, do not crowd around, do not light open fire casually, because there may be flammable and explosive gas in the air

2. Earthquake self rescue:

A. It's very important to keep calm in the earthquake. Shouting at random will accelerate metabolism, increase oxygen consumption, reduce physical strength and tolerance; at the same time, shouting will definitely inhale a lot of smoke and dust, which is easy to cause suffocation and increase unnecessary casualties. The correct attitude is to keep calm in any bad environment, analyze the environment, find a way out and wait for rescue

B. hemostasis, fixed crush injury and crush injury are common injuries in earthquake. For open trauma, bleeding out should first stop bleeding and raise the affected limb, and call for help. For open fracture, it is not necessary to make on-site reduction to prevent tissue injury again. Generally, clean gauze is used to cover the wound, and simple fixation is used before operation. Different parts of fracture are fixed according to different requirements

C. when dealing with the wound crush injury properly, try to relieve the heavy pressure as soon as possible. In case of large-scale wound, keep the wound clean, bandage the wound with clean gauze, and contact the hospital immediately in case of suspected tetanus and aerobacterium infection, and make diagnosis and treatment in time. In case of large-scale wound and serious wound, take orally sugar and salt water to prevent shock

D. to prevent many 'secondary disasters' caused by fire and earthquake, fire is a common kind. In the fire, you should leave the fire scene as soon as possible, take off the burning clothes and hats, or cover your body with wet clothes, or roll on the ground, or directly pour water to put out the fire. Do not use your hands to put out the fire, or you will burn your hands

E. at the same time, we should prevent tetanus and gas gangrene, bury the body as early as possible, pay attention to the hygiene of food and water, and prevent the great epidemic after the disaster

3. School shock

A. when you are in the playground or outdoors, you can squat in place, protect your head with both hands, and avoid tall buildings or dangerous objects

B. don't go back to the classroom

C. evacuation should be organized after the earthquake

D. Don't jump! Don't stand in front of the window! Don't go to the balcony!

4. Family shock

A. seize the time to avoid danger. If you feel that the shaking is very light, it means that the source is far away. You just need to hide beside the solid furniture. The time from the beginning of a big earthquake to the end of the vibration process is only 10 seconds to dozens of seconds, so it is the most important to seize the time to avoid the earthquake, and do not delay the time

B. select appropriate shock absorption space. The safer indoor shock absorption space includes: the root and corner of bearing wall, water pipe and heating pipe, etc. the most unfavorable shock absorption places in the house are: on the bed without support; under the ceiling and ceiling lamp; on the floor without support around; beside the glass (including mirror) and large windows

C. do a good job of self-protection. First, calm down, squat down or sit down after choosing the shelter, face down, and put your forehead on your arms; or grasp the table legs and other solid objects around, so as to avoid falling down during the earthquake or injury due to uncontrolled displacement of your body; protect your head and neck, bow your head, and cover your head or back neck with your hands; protect your eyes, bow and close your eyes, so as to prevent foreign body injury; protect your mouth and nose, and cover them with wet towel when possible Shut your mouth and nose to prevent dust and gas

5. Experts suggest mastering three principles:

Principle 1: take measures according to local conditions and make a correct choice. Whether to live in a bungalow or a building, whether the earthquake occurs in the daytime or at night, whether the house is solid, whether there is a shock proof space inside, whether your location is far away from the door, and whether the outdoor is open and safe

Principle 2: act decisively and avoid hesitation. Whether the shock absorption can succeed or not is at the critical moment. Never look forward or hesitate. If you live in a bungalow for shock absorption, you should act decisively, or avoid nearby, or go out in an emergency. Do not go back and forth

Principle 3: when an earthquake occurs, don't rush out of the room. Instead, seize the time to survive to find a suitable place for shock absorption. Squat down or sit down to wait for the earthquake to pass. Even if the house collapses, people will be safe

6. 9 notices in case of earthquake

A. turn off the fire immediately in case of shaking and put out the fire immediately in case of fire

B. don't run out in a hurry

C. open the door and ensure the exit

D. protect your head and avoid dangerous places when you are outdoors

E. follow the instructions of the staff in the department store and theater

F. stop by the side of the road, no driving in the control area

G. be aware of landslides, cliff falls or tsunamis

H. take refuge on foot, and carry at least

I. don't listen to rumors, don't act rashly