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What are the preparations for pregnancy? When is the most likely time for pregnancy

What are the preparations for pregnancy? When is the most likely time for pregnancy

4hw.org: I'm going to have a baby. What should I prepare for pregnancy? What should I pay attention to for pregnancy? There's nothing I want to know more than you. I've collected information about pregnancy preparation for you. Hurry up.

When is the easiest time to conceive

When is the best time to conceive? Women are most likely to conceive during ovulation. During ovulation, there is a regular sexual life, and the probability of pregnancy is relatively high. If you want to know when you are most likely to conceive, you need to know the time of ovulation. Here are four reference methods to predict ovulation.

A. schedule calculation method

Generally speaking, women's menstrual cycle is 21-35 days (average 28 days), ovulation day is 12-16 days (average 14 days) before the next menstruation. The specific date can be calculated by the schedule calculation method. The main method is based on the previous 12 or more menstrual cycle records, to calculate the current cycle of easy pregnancy and difficult pregnancy. The formula is as follows:

(1) the previous shortest cycle days - 19 = the last day of the difficult pregnancy period before ovulation. The next day is the first day of the easy pregnancy.

(2) the longest cycle days in the past - 10 = the last day of easy pregnancy after ovulation. In this way, the specific date of easy pregnancy can be calculated.

B. basic thermometry

Thermometry is a more accurate method of measuring ovulation day, because generally speaking, the basic body temperature of a woman will suddenly drop on the day of ovulation, and then the body temperature will rise 0.3-0.5 degrees higher than the basic body temperature in the next few days.

Pregnant women can buy a thermometer, throw it below 35 ℃ before going to bed every day, do not do any exercise once they wake up (after 8 hours of sleep), and measure their temperature immediately, because any action may cause temperature rise and produce errors, so they must complete the measurement without exercise, which lasts for at least 14 days. It is better to stick to the measurement together, record and plan Draw the curve chart, so as to grasp the law of temperature rise and fall, and determine your ovulation day.

C. ovulation test paper method

Luteinizing hormone (LH) in women's urine will have a high peak within 24-48 hours before ovulation. The peak level of LH can be detected accurately by using ovulation test paper. After the start of detection, it shall be regularly detected every day. When the color close to the peak value is about to appear, it shall be tested every 12 hours until the peak value of LH is detected.

D. leucorrhea observation

In a menstrual cycle, the nature of leucorrhea will change periodically. In general, the leucorrhea is relatively dry, viscous and less. In ovulation period, leucorrhea will become clear and transparent, like egg white, with high degree of drawing. This is due to the high concentration of estrogen produced during ovulation, which acts on the columnar epithelial cells of the cervix, making them secrete a large number of leucorrhea.

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Best age of conception collection

Experts remind that the best choice is to get pregnant at the best childbearing age. The best childbearing age for women is around 25, preferably not over 28. As people grow older, their fertility is declining. If the best time of conception is missed, the quality of eggs will decrease, and the abnormal rate of embryos born too late will increase. At the same time, it is not conducive to timely detection of problems, thus increasing the difficulty of treatment.

According to a 1989 study by French geneticist Morris, men aged 30-35 have the best offspring. The sperm quality of male reached its peak at the age of 30, and then lasted for 5 years.

Physiologists agree that women between the ages of 23 and 28 are the best age for childbearing. During this period, women's whole body development is fully mature, and the quality of eggs is high. If pregnant, women have fewer complications, less risk of delivery, good growth and development of the fetus, and the incidence of premature, malformed and dementia children is the lowest.

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The best time to conceive

Experts believe that the best time to conceive is late spring or early autumn, that is, March to April or September to October.

At the end of spring, pregnant from March to April. At this time, it is the season of spring, the climate is mild and appropriate, rubella virus infection and respiratory infectious diseases are less prevalent. Pregnant women's diet and daily life are easy to adjust, so that the fetus has a stable development environment in the initial stage, which is most conducive to the prevention of teratogenesis. Sufficient sunshine is another advantage of spring pregnancy, which can provide good sunshine conditions in the whole pregnancy process. The ergosterol in the skin of pregnant women can be changed into vitamin D under the ultraviolet irradiation of sunlight, which can promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and is conducive to the growth and development of fetal bones. In addition, sunlight on the skin can promote the blood circulation of the human body, sterilize and disinfect the body, which is also beneficial to the health of pregnant women.

Early autumn, September October. As September to October is in the autumn, the climate is warm and comfortable, and the sleep appetite is not affected. It is also the golden season for fruits, which is very beneficial to the nutrition supplement of pregnant women and the development of fetal brain. The pre delivery period of pregnant women is the end of spring and the beginning of summer. The climate is mild, which is conducive to the recovery of the maternal body and the secretion of milk. The children's clothing is gradually reduced, and the nursing is more convenient. In addition, at the turn of spring and summer, with sufficient sunlight, the baby can have good lighting conditions, which is conducive to the growth and development of bone calcification, and is not easy to suffer from rickets; when entering the winter, the baby has gradually grown up, which can avoid the epidemic peak of intestinal infectious diseases.

In the first three months of pregnancy, it is the critical period for the differentiation and formation of fetal heart, brain, liver, kidney and other important organs. If the early pregnancy is in winter, especially in the northern winter, the indoor air is not circulating, the indoor air pollution is serious, and the time for pregnant women to go out is less. Therefore, the early pregnancy is greatly affected by air pollution, and the relative risk of fetus being a defective child is significantly higher than other children Season.

Precautions before pregnancy: if both husband and wife intend to be pregnant, they should not only reasonably control the best granting year, but also ensure the rest and sleep of both parties, and have good habits of living and rest. In the first three months of pregnancy, both husband and wife need to quit smoking and alcohol, and pay attention to supplement enough folic acid and calcium, eat a balanced diet every day to ensure nutrition.

A. ensure rest and sleep: ensure enough sleep every day, or your immune system will be affected, hormone secretion will be disrupted, which is not conducive to pregnancy. Let oneself have a relaxed mood. Don't put too much pressure on yourself. Try yoga. You can relax and exercise.

B. quit smoking and alcohol: the damage of alcohol to sperm has been known for a long time. Many harmful substances in tobacco can also kill sperm. Stop drinking and smoking at least 3 months before conception.

C. folic acid supplement: folic acid plays a great role in the healthy development of the baby. The lack of folic acid may lead to the incomplete development or deformity of the brain of the fetus. Therefore, women should take enough folic acid in the first three months of pregnancy. Foods rich in folate include amaranth, spinach, lettuce, asparagus, cabbage, etc. In the early stage of pregnancy, 0.4 mg folic acid should be supplemented every day.

D. calcium supplement: calcium is the main component for the formation of bones and teeth. It is indispensable in the process of fetal development, and the amount of calcium is more. Foods with high calcium content include milk, bean products, eggs, seafood, bone soup, etc. We should start to supplement calcium when we are ready to be pregnant. The calcium needed is about 800 mg per day.

This article is edited by Sihai life channel, aiming to spread knowledge, exchange and learn from each other, and improve the quality of public life. Please pay attention to Sihai life channel for more life information.