4hw.org: many people will have high altitude reaction when they first go to high altitude area. High altitude reaction is due to high altitude. When the human body is exposed to low pressure and hypoxia, it will produce dizziness, headache, nausea and even dyspnea. So what medicine should we take for high altitude reaction? Let's have a look next!
Take it at least 10 days in advance when entering the plateau. The traditional health food of Tibetans will help to strengthen their physique and alleviate the altitude reaction A natural plant growing in the pure iceberg snow region of Tibet at an altitude of 3500-5000 meters. Salidroside and aglycone tyrosol contained in Rhodiola have the effects of anti fatigue, anti hypoxia, anti microwave radiation, anti toxicity, and two-way regulation of nervous system and metabolism, and they are also environmental adaptive drugs. Rhodiola is mainly used as medicine by root and rhizome, and the whole plant can also be used as medicine.
It can eliminate tiredness or resist the cold in mountain area, prevent disease and improve health, nourish and prolong life, improve the non-specific resistance of the body to harmful stimulation, and strengthen the adaptability of the body. Through enhancing the oxygen diffusion of cells in the body, or the efficiency of oxygen application and the ability of anti-oxidation, it can help improve the body's adaptability to hypoxia stimulation, have the effects of Invigorating Qi and clearing the lung, benefiting intelligence and nourishing the heart, astringency and hemostasis, removing blood stasis and swelling. Indications: deficiency of Qi, weakness of body, chills after illness, shortness of breath, cough due to lung heat, hemoptysis, leucorrhea diarrhea, injury due to falling and hitting, etc
2. Gao Yuan'an
There are capsules, granules (granules) and other dosage forms, the main ingredients are American ginseng, Rhodiola, ginseng fruit, dangshen, Poria cocos, plantain grass, coix seed, Astragalus and cypress seed. After arriving in Tibet, take health food, which is good for alleviating altitude reaction. It is better to take it one day before entering the plateau. Take it for 3 days after entering the plateau.
Relieve some of the symptoms of headache, dizziness, cyanosis of lips, shortness of breath due to high altitude reaction.
3. Gao Yuankang
Gaogaokang is the crystallization of several generations of experts of mountain sickness in the General Hospital of the Tibet Military Region after more than 30 years of research. A large number of medical clinics have shown that the drug has a certain effect on the prevention and treatment of plateau diseases such as dyspnea, chest distress, dizziness and anxiety caused by the discomfort of the plateau environment, and can quickly alleviate the disease and improve the oxygen supply function of the human body under the high environment to a greater extent. No drugstores in Tibet sell gaodakang, only the Lhasa armed police hotel near the Potala Palace provides it, 38 yuan / box (10 pills). It is especially suitable for the first time to enter high altitude areas, such as outdoor sports, tourists and other prevention and treatment of high altitude reactions.
4. Compound dangshen tablet
Function: to prevent and treat coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, anti-aging and so on. The results of decades of laboratory and field application at high altitude show that the drug has a significant effect on the prevention and treatment of acute and chronic high altitude diseases caused by hypoxia. Compound dangshen tablet contains dangshen, Danshen, Danggui, Beishashen and Jinguolan.
Dosage: oral, 3 (large) or 5 (small), 3 times a day.
5. Inosine tablet
Function: inosine is a component of adenosine triphosphate, coenzyme A, ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid in human body, which participates in the metabolism of substance and energy. Some people use inosine to enhance the body's adaptability to high altitude and prevent high altitude disease. There will be some gastrointestinal reactions, of course, not everyone taking this medicine will have.
Dosage: oral, 1-3 tablets per time for adults, 3 times per day; for children, 3 times per day for each & frac12; - 1 tablet; if necessary, the dosage can be doubled (such as liver disease).
6. American ginseng lozenge
First of all, American ginseng is divided into domestic and imported ones, and there are many kinds, so we should pay more attention when we buy them.
Function: it is very useful for relieving extreme fatigue, strengthening physique and alleviating altitude reaction. Panax quinquefolium buccal tablet is a kind of health food made of Panax quinquefolium, sucrose, dextrin, ethanol and magnesium stearate. Panax quinquefolium buccal tablet has the effect of resisting hypoxia and prolonging the body's hypoxia. The effective ingredients of Panax quinquefolium saponins, polysaccharides and trace elements can protect myocardial cells, dilate blood vessels, resist myocardial hypoxia, antiarrhythmia and myocardial ischemia.
7. Nifedipine (also known as xintongding)
Nifedipine is an effective drug to prevent and treat acute altitude sickness.
Function: effectively reduce the pressure of pulmonary artery, improve pulmonary circulation, improve heart and lung functions, so as to reduce chest distress, shortness of breath and other symptoms. If it is used to prevent acute altitude sickness,
Dosage: General sublingual nifedipine 10 mg, three times a day. If acute altitude sickness has occurred, take 20 mg of nifedipine under the tongue once every 6 hours, reduce to 10 mg after the symptoms are relieved, and take it under the tongue three times a day.
Function: for many years, people are used to use aminophylline to prevent and treat acute high altitude reaction and acute high altitude pulmonary edema, and it has indeed received certain curative effect. It can dilate the bronchus, improve the heart function, and have a mild diuretic effect.
Dosage: aminophylline can be taken orally, 0.1g every time, three times a day.
9, brown sugar
Brown sugar usually refers to sugarcane sugar with honey. It is generally the sugar with honey formed by sugarcane juice, simple treatment and concentration. Brown sugar is divided into brown sugar, brown sugar powder, bowl sugar and so on according to the different crystal particles. Because they have not been highly refined, they almost retain all the ingredients in cane juice. In addition to the function of sugar, they also contain vitamins and microelements, such as iron, zinc, manganese, chromium and so on. The nutritional component is much higher than white sugar.
According to some people who have been on the Tibet plateau for a long time, brown sugar is often in the diet, which can make people energetic and less sick, which is good for overcoming the altitude reaction. People living on the plateau consume a lot of energy. Therefore, the body needs more energy, and brown sugar is a better energy source. According to traditional Chinese medicine, brown sugar heat enters the spleen, warms the stomach, relieves pain, dissipates blood stasis and promotes blood circulation. It also has certain curative effect on abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea and waist tenderness caused by cold. The nutrition of brown sugar is better than that of white sugar. A kilo of brown sugar contains 450 mg of calcium, 20 mg of iron, trace elements such as manganese and zinc, as well as riboflavin, niacin and other vitamins. Brown sugar can release energy quickly and feel warm instantly.