Who are the Chinese Nobel laureates
4hw.org: Nobel is the top prize in the academic world. Most of the people who have won Nobel Prize are those who have made great contributions to this field. Recently, Nobel Prize has been awarded again. Many friends are curious about which Chinese or Chinese have won Nobel Prize. Let's take a look at it together!
The Nobel Prize was founded in 1900 with part of the heritage of Alfred Bernhard Nobel (SEK 31 million), a famous chemist in Sweden and inventor of nitroglycerine explosive. It consists of five awards: Physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace. It is based on the annual interest or investment income of the fund To those in the world who have made significant contributions to humanity in these areas. The Nobel Prize, including gold medals, certificates and prizes, was first awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1901. In 1968, on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of its establishment, the National Bank of Sweden donated a large amount of money to the Nobel fund and set up the "National Bank of Sweden to commemorate the Nobel Prize for economic science", which was first awarded in 1969. People used to call this additional prize the Nobel Prize for economics. The author (Zeng Changqiu, Central South University) sorts out the people and things related to the Nobel Prize and China according to the relevant materials, so as to offer the readers the inscription.
Nobel Prize winning Chinese or ethnic Chinese
Pearl S. Buck: female, born in 1892 in the United States, she went to Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province with her parents who were missionaries when she was only four months old. At the age of 17, she returned to the United States to study at university. After graduation, she married to Suxian, Anhui Province, so she has dual nationality of China and the United States. She lived in rural China for a long time. In 1938, her works on rural themes won the Nobel Prize for literature, at the age of 46.
Li Zhengdao: born in 1926 in Shanghai, his ancestral home is Suzhou. He moved to the United States in 1946 and joined the United States in 1962. In 1957, he and Yang Zhenning won the Nobel Prize in Physics (the nationality of the Republic of China at the time of winning the prize) at the age of 31. At the time, he was one of the youngest Nobel laureates.
Yang Zhenning: born in 1922 in Hefei, Anhui Province, he moved to the United States in 1945, joined the United States in 1964, and is Du Yuming's son-in-law. In 1957, he and Li Zhengdao won the Nobel Prize in Physics (the nationality of the Republic of China at the time of award) at the age of 35. Now back to the mainland and settled in Peking University.
Ding Zhaozhong, born in 1936 in Rizhao, Shandong Province, is a Chinese American professor in the Department of physics, Massachusetts Institute of technology. His research interests are high-energy experimental particle physics, including quantum electrodynamics, unified theory of electric weak and quantum chromodynamics. In 1976, he won the Nobel Prize in physics at the same time as Burton Richter of Stanford University for his discovery of the J / & psi; particle. He was 40 years old.
Li Yuanzhe: born in 1936 in Hsinchu, Taiwan, moved to the United States in 1962, and joined the United States in 1974. In 1986, he won the Nobel Prize in chemistry together with his doctoral supervisors, heshbach and John middot polani, at the age of 50, for the study of chemical reaction kinetics at the molecular level. In 1994, he gave up his American citizenship and returned to Taiwan to serve as president of the Central Research Institute.
Mo Yan: born in 1955 in Gaomi, Shandong Province, he is a native writer of the mainland. In 2012, his Chinese work "Red Sorghum Series" won the Nobel Prize for literature at the age of 57.
Chu: born in 1948 in Taicang County, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Chinese American. In 1997, he won the Nobel Prize in physics for 'developing a method of laser cooling and trapping atoms', at the age of 49. 2008-2012, Secretary of the U.S. Department of energy.
Cui Qi: born in Baofeng County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province in 1939, Chinese American, working in Princeton University. In 1998, he and horst Middleton Ludwig Middleton steimer of Columbia University and rockling of Stanford University won the Nobel Prize in physics for their common 'discovery of electronic quantum fluid phenomenon, a new form of quantum fluid, including excited state with fractional charge', when they were 59 years old.
Gao Xingjian: born in 1940 in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, his ancestral home is Taizhou, Jiangsu Province. He moved to Paris in 1987 and became a French citizen in 1997. In 2000, at the age of 60, he won the Nobel Prize for literature for his work Lingshan and became the first Chinese writer to win the Nobel Prize for literature.
Qian Yongjian: born in 1952 in the United States, his ancestral home is Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. His nephew, a Chinese American chemist, was 56 years old in 2008. He shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry with Japanese American scientist xiacunxiu and American scientist Martin Middleton chalfi for his outstanding achievements in the discovery of green fluorescent protein.
Kao Kun: born in 1933 in Jinshan District, Shanghai. His ancestral home is Jiangsu Province. He has dual nationality of British and American. He is the president of Hong Kong University of science and technology. In 2009, he won the 2009 Nobel Prize in physics with Willard Boyle, who invented the semiconductor imaging device charge coupled device (CCD) image sensor, and George Smith, who was 76 years old, for his breakthrough in 'transmission of light in fibers for optical communication'.
Tu youyou: female, born in 1930 in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, mainland pharmacist. In 2015, artemisinin was awarded the Nobel Prize in biology or medicine at the age of 85 (with a biography attached).