What are the traditional customs of Chongyang Festival in 2018
4hw.com.cn: in the fast-paced and high-frequency modern life, traditional festivals are becoming less and less popular in people's impression. So many people begin to pay attention to traditional festivals and customs. Chongyang Festival is one of them. Chongyang Festival is one of the traditional festivals in China. Do you know what customs there are on Chongyang Festival? What day is the 2018 Chongyang Festival? Let's take a look at it. The Double Ninth Festival in 2018 is Wednesday, October 17.
September 9th, 1898
What are the customs of Chongyang Festival?
First there is the custom of climbing. In the golden autumn and September, the sky is clear and fresh. In this season, climbing high and looking far can achieve the goal of relaxation, body-building and disease elimination. As early as in the Western Han Dynasty, the annals of Chang'an recorded that people visited the capital of the Han Dynasty on September 9.
Eat Chongyang cake
Chongyang cake, also known as flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five color cake, has no fixed method and is more casual. On the ninth day of the ninth lunar month, at dawn, people used cakes to make their children's heads. They said something in their mouths. They wished their children everything was high. That was the original intention of the ancients to make cakes in September. The exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep). Some even put a small red paper flag on the double ninth cake and light a candle light. This means "light the lamp" and "eat the cake" instead of "climb the high", and "small red paper flag" instead of dogwood. Today, there is no fixed variety of Chongyang cake. All kinds of soft cakes eaten in Chongyang Festival are called Chongyang cakes.
3 appreciation of Chrysanthemum
Chongyang day has always been the custom of enjoying chrysanthemums, so it is also called chrysanthemum festival in ancient times. September of the lunar calendar is commonly known as the chrysanthemum moon. Chrysanthemum assembly is held in the festival. The crowds of people come to the festival to enjoy chrysanthemums. Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties of the Three Kingdoms, it has become a fashion for Chongyang to have party drinking and enjoy chrysanthemum poems. In the ancient customs of the Han nationality, chrysanthemum symbolizes longevity.
Drink chrysanthemum wine
On the Double Ninth Festival, there is a traditional custom of drinking chrysanthemum wine in China. Chrysanthemum wine, in ancient times, was regarded as the "auspicious wine" that Chongyang must drink, dispel disasters and pray for blessings. Chrysanthemum wine has existed in the Han Dynasty. During the Wei Dynasty, Cao Pi gave Zhong You chrysanthemum in Chongyang, wishing him a long life. Ge Hong in the Jin dynasty recorded in baopuzi that people in Nanyang Mountain in Henan Province lived longer because they drank the water of sweet valley full of chrysanthemums. In the chapter of picking chrysanthemums by Emperor Wen of Liang Jian, there is a saying that "picking chrysanthemum beads in baskets and picking chrysanthemum beads in the morning dew is stained with cowardice", which also means picking chrysanthemums to make wine. Until Ming and Qing Dynasties, chrysanthemum wine was still popular. It was recorded in Zunsheng bajian by Gao Lian in Ming Dynasty. It was a popular health drink.
In ancient times, it was also popular to insert dogwood, so it is also called dogwood Festival. Cornus can be used as medicine to make wine to nourish the body and eliminate diseases. Dogwood and chrysanthemum hairpin were popular in Tang Dynasty. Dogwood has a strong fragrance. It can dispel insects and dampness. It can also dispel accumulated food and cure cold and heat. People think that the ninth day of September is also a day of misfortune, so people like to wear dogwood to ward off evil and seek good luck on the Double Ninth Festival. Dogwood is also known as "Exorcist".
Besides these folk customs, the customs in different areas are different. Now let's take a look at the Chongyang customs that are more distinctive in other places.
Hebei Province: on September 9, Xianghe County, families with in laws will give gifts to each other, which is called "chasing Festival". In Yongping mansion, the weather of Chongyang will account for the future sunshine and rain. If it rains on double ninth day, it will rain in these days. There are no mountains in Dianzhou County, and more people go up to the city building on Chongyang Festival.
Jiangsu Province: on the Double Ninth Festival, people in Nanjing chiseled five color paper into an inclined shape, and then linked it into a flag, which was inserted in the court. The Chongyang Festival in Changzhou county has a kind of pasta called camel's hoof. On the Double Ninth Festival in Wuxi County, we eat Double Ninth cake and nine kinds of soup.
Anhui Province: Tongling County takes the nine day double sun as the Dragon candle meeting to welcome the mountain god. It is said that it can drive out the plague.
Hubei Province: Wuchang County brews wine on Chongyang day. It's said that the wine brewed here is the most pure and not bad. The Double Ninth Festival in Yingcheng county is the date of vow repayment. Many families worship the God of Tian Zu of fangshe on this day.
Guangdong Province: even in Chongyang, Sichuan Province, both boys and girls gather outside the city to answer the song, and the people of the state watch. On September 9, Nanxiong mansion invited Taoists from Maoshan to establish a royal mother's Association. All the young women who want to obtain children will come to attend. On the Double Ninth Festival in Yangjiang City, Zhiyuan is put on it and tied with rattan bow. The voice is very loud in the mid air. People in Lingao County get up early on Chongyang Festival. Everyone shouts to catch SM, which is a good omen for an and Fu Li.
Guangxi Province: HUAIJI County takes Chongyang as the day when emperor yuan got the way. Men, women, old and young, come out of the city. They all use cannons to reward the gods. On September 9, Long'an County allowed cattle and sheep to forage on their own. As the saying goes: 'on September 9, cattle and sheep keep themselves'.
On the Double Ninth Festival, there is a traditional custom of drinking chrysanthemum wine in China. Chrysanthemum wine, in ancient times, was regarded as the "auspicious wine" that Chongyang must drink, dispel disasters and pray for blessings. Chrysanthemum wine has existed in the Han Dynasty. During the Wei Dynasty, Cao Pi gave Zhong You chrysanthemum in Chongyang, wishing him a long life. Ge Hong in the Jin dynasty recorded in baopuzi that people in Nanyang Mountain in Henan Province lived longer because they drank the water of sweet valley full of chrysanthemums. In the chapter of picking chrysanthemums by Emperor Wen of Liang Jian, there is a saying that "picking chrysanthemum beads in the basket and picking chrysanthemum beads in the morning dew and moistening with cowardice" and also picking chrysanthemums to make wine. Until Ming and Qing Dynasties, chrysanthemum wine was still popular. It was recorded in Zunsheng bajian by Gao Lian in Ming Dynasty. It was a popular health drink.