many expectant mothers are prone to dizziness, nausea and limb weakness after pregnancy. These are the symptoms of anemia. The health of the mother is directly related to the health level of the baby. Therefore, anemia during pregnancy can easily cause fetal malnutrition. What are the symptoms of anemia during pregnancy? What is the most nourishing blood for anemia during pregnancy?
If it is true anemia, once anemia occurs, the body will become poorer, the plasma protein concentration will decline, the immune ability will decline, and it will also affect the healthy growth of the baby in the body.
Symptoms of anemia in pregnant women
Mostly in late pregnancy
About 50% of the cases occurred after 31 weeks of gestation, the rest occurred in puerperal period. It is common at about 30 years old, with more primiparas and more multiple than single births. 25% of the patients are prone to recurrence in the next pregnancy.
Anemia is mostly moderate or severe. Most of them are dizziness, fatigue, general edema, palpitation, shortness of breath, pale skin and mucosa, diarrhea, glossitis, atrophy of nipple, etc. Low fever, splenomegaly and apathy are also common.
Gastrointestinal symptoms are obvious
Some patients have nausea, inappetence, vomiting and diarrhea, which can be accompanied by pain of tongue and lip. When the acute attack, the pain of tongue tip and edge is obvious, and the tongue surface is bright red, so-called "beef like tongue". Blood vesicles or shallow ulcers may appear, and the papillae of the tongue may further shrink into 'glossy'.
Due to the lack of vitamin B12, peripheral neuritis can be caused, which can be manifested as asthenia, numbness of hands and feet, sensory disturbance, difficulty in walking and other peripheral neuritis, as well as subacute or chronic combined diseases of posterior fascicular and lateral tracts of spinal cord and other neurological symptoms.
Impact on pregnancy
If treated in time, the prognosis is good. If not treated in time, severe cases may cause abortion, premature delivery, placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, stillbirth and other complications, often accompanied by vomiting, edema, hypertension, proteinuria. Anemia occurs in the puerperal period, mostly in the first week of postpartum. Because of the original lack of folate, lactation aggravates the lack of folate. If not supplemented in time, anemia symptoms are often induced.
What should pregnant women eat for anemia
Food rich in high quality protein: such as eggs, milk, fish, lean meat, shrimp and beans.
Foods rich in vitamin C: fresh fruits and green vegetables, such as jujube, apricot, orange, hawthorn, tomato, balsam pear, green persimmon pepper, lettuce, green bamboo shoot, etc. Vitamin C has the function of participating in hematopoiesis and promoting iron absorption and utilization.
3 foods rich in iron: chicken liver, pig liver, kidney of cattle and sheep, lean meat, egg yolk, kelp, black sesame, sesame paste, black fungus, soybean, mushroom, brown sugar, rape, celery, etc. Iron is the main component of blood, iron deficiency anemia is more common.
Food rich in copper: the physiological function of copper is to participate in hematopoiesis. The lack of copper can also cause the absorption of iron and the reduction of hemoglobin synthesis.
What does pregnant woman anaemia eat complement blood fast?
In the middle and later period of pregnancy, as long as the weight of the fetus does not exceed 1 kg per week, it is necessary to eat more high protein foods, such as milk, fish, eggs, lean meat, beans, etc., which have a good effect on the treatment of anemia. But we should pay attention to the combination of meat and vegetable. Vegetables and fruits should also keep up, so as not to hurt the stomach by eating too much oil and greasy things. Animal liver is rich in minerals. Like marinated chicken liver, pig liver, etc., eat twice a week. Duck blood soup, egg yolk, lean meat, beans, spinach, amaranth, tomato, dates and other foods have high iron content, which can be eaten frequently.