What are the traditional customs of Mid Autumn Festival except eating moon cakes
4hw.com.cn: the Mid Autumn Festival is coming. The Mid Autumn Festival is our traditional festival. Now many people are complaining that there is no atmosphere in the traditional festival, and many people are looking for the atmosphere of the Mid Autumn Festival in the past. Do you know what customs the traditional Mid Autumn Festival has? Let's have a look!
Eating moon cakes
According to the records of Luozhong, Emperor Taizong ate mooncakes on the Mid Autumn Festival. He felt it was delicious, so he ordered the imperial dining room to wrap the mooncakes in red silk and give them to the new scholars. This may be the earliest record of moon cakes that we can see. In the Song Dynasty, moon cakes were known as lotus leaf, golden flower and hibiscus, and their production methods were more refined. Su Dongpo, a poet, praised the poem: "small cakes are like chewing the moon, in which there are crisp and Yi.". 'pastry is pastry and caramel is sugar. Its taste is sweet, crisp and fragrant.
admire the full moon
The appreciation of the moon comes from the sacrifice of the moon. The serious sacrifice becomes the light entertainment. The activities of appreciating the moon in the Mid Autumn Festival started in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, but they have not become a custom. By the Tang Dynasty, mid autumn moon watching and moon playing were very popular, and many famous poems of poets were full of poems chanting the moon. By the time of the Song Dynasty, a folk festival of the Mid Autumn Festival centered on the activities of appreciating the moon was formed, which was officially designated as the Mid Autumn Festival. Different from the people of Tang Dynasty, the people of Song Dynasty appreciate the moon more by feeling things and sorrows. They often describe people's feelings by the way of ups and downs. Even on the night of Mid Autumn Festival, the light of the bright moon can't hide the sadness of the people of Song Dynasty. But for the people of Song Dynasty, there is another form of Mid Autumn Festival, that is, Mid Autumn Festival is a secular happy festival: 'before mid autumn festival, all stores sell new wine, your family decorates the pavilion, the people compete to occupy the restaurant to play the moon, Sheng song hears thousands of miles, play and sit until dawn'. The mid autumn night of Song Dynasty is a sleepless night. The night market is open all night, and tourists can play on the moon without stopping.
Sacrifice to the moon
In ancient times, there was a custom of "autumn evening and moon". Xi Yue, that is, worship the moon god. Set up a large incense table, and put on the moon cake, watermelon, apple, red dates, plums, grapes and other sacrifices, among which moon cake and watermelon are absolutely indispensable, and watermelon should be cut into lotus shape.
Under the moon, put the moon god in the direction of the moon. The red candle burns high. The whole family worships the moon in turn, and then the housewife cuts the reunion moon cake. The cutter shall calculate in advance how many people there are in the whole family. Those who are at home and those who are out of town shall be counted together. They shall not cut too much or too little. They shall be the same size.
light a lamp
The mid autumn night lamp internal combustion candle is tied on the bamboo pole with a rope, hung on the tile eaves or the terrace, or built into a shape or various shapes with a small lamp, and hung on the high place of the house, commonly known as "tree mid autumn" or "erect mid autumn". The lamp hung by the rich family can be measured high. The family gather under the lamp to enjoy drinking. Ordinary people set up a flagpole and two lanterns to enjoy themselves. A city full of lights is like a world of glass. It seems that since ancient times, the scale of Mid Autumn Festival lighting seems to be second only to Lantern Festival.
tidal bore watching
'I must know that the rabbit is very round. It's frosty and cold in September. The key to the door is not needed, and the tide of the night stays in the middle of the month. This is a poem written by Su Shi, a great poet of Song Dynasty. In ancient times, in addition to enjoying the moon in the Mid Autumn Festival, watching the tide in Zhejiang was another mid autumn festival event. The custom of watching the tide in the Mid Autumn Festival has a long history, as early as in the Fu Qi Fa of Mei Cheng in Han Dynasty. After the Han Dynasty, the mid autumn tide is more popular. Zhu Tinghuan's supplement to the old stories of Wulin and song Wu's self-cultivation of Mengliang are also recorded. These two books describe the great tide watching, which shows that the tide watching in the mid autumn of the Song Dynasty reached its peak.
Playing with rabbit
Rabbit is a clay toy for children to play and play during the Mid Autumn Festival. Its shape is human and has a rabbit mouth and ears. There are two long ears on the head. The mouth is a rabbit mouth with three petals. It's no different from people in other places. Nowadays, there is no trace of the rabbit in the ordinary market. It is just displayed as folk cultural relics in Folk Museum and other places, or sold in handicraft shops. Young people don't know much about it, but old people talk about it.
Walking on the moon
On the night of the Mid Autumn Festival, there is also a special moon watching activity called walking on the moon. In the bright moonlight, people are dressed in gorgeous clothes. They are in groups during the third and fifth years of the year. They are traveling in the streets, boating on the Qinhuai River, or climbing on the stairs to watch the moon, talking and laughing. In the Ming Dynasty, Nanjing built moon tower and moon bridge, and in the Qing Dynasty, there was moon tower under the lion mountain, all of which were tourist attractions for appreciating the moon when they walked on the moon. After the liberation, the moon tower of Mochou Lake Park became a new scenic spot for citizens to enjoy the moon. In the old days, there was a special wish for Nanjing people to walk on the moon: married women who didn't have a son would go to youfuzi temple, and then cross a bridge. It's said that they would have "the joy of a dream" (meaning to have a boy).
Stealing onions and vegetables
It is said that if the unmarried girl steals vegetables or onions from another garden on the mid autumn night, she will meet a ruyilang in the future. There is a saying in Taiwan that "marry a good man with onions; marry a good son-in-law with vegetables" refers to this custom.
Eat duck, snails and taro
Mulao people in Southwest China pay attention to buying pancakes and killing ducks on this day. Nanjing's sweet scented duck, salted duck and Zhangcha duck often sell well at this time. If you can't find anything, take a Beijing roast duck home to eat. It's not bad either. People think that the mid autumn snail can be seen clearly. After checking, the vitamin A contained in the snail meat is an important substance of the eye pigment, which makes sense. But why do we have to go on a diet in the Mid Autumn Festival? It is pointed out that around the Mid Autumn Festival, when the snail is empty, there are no small snails in the abdomen. Therefore, the meat is particularly fat. Now in Guangzhou, many families have the habit of fried snails during the Mid Autumn Festival.
Drink osmanthus wine
On the night of the Mid Autumn Festival, people look up to the bright moon, smell the fragrance of the laurel, think of Wu Gang cutting the laurel, drinking a cup of sweet osmanthus wine, celebrating the sweetness and honey of the family, and gathering together, which has become the enjoyment of the festival. Osmanthus is not only ornamental, but also edible. In Qu Yuan's nine songs, there are verses of "helping the steed to fight and drinking the GUI pulp" and "laying the GUI and pepper pulp". It can be seen that the age of drinking osmanthus wine in China has been quite long. But up to now, people have mostly replaced red wine.