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Brief introduction of Jianjun Festival where is the birthplace of Jianjun Festival

Tomorrow is the August 1st army day. It's a day to commemorate the founding of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army. It's also a day for all soldiers. Do you know the origin of the August 1st army day? Where is the birthplace of Jianjun Festival? Let's have a look.

August 1 Military day comes from Ruijin

On July 11, 1933, the Provisional Central Government of the Soviet Republic of China decided to take August 1 as the anniversary of the founding of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army. Since then, every August 1 has become the founding day of the Chinese Red Army of workers and peasants and later the Chinese people's Liberation Army. On August 1 of that year, the first "August 1" memorial activity was held in the Red Army square of Yeping, Ruijin City, and the Red Army Parade and separation ceremony were held in zhumagang, south of Ruijin City, that evening. Since then, August 1 has officially become the military day of the people's army. Therefore, it can be said that Nanchang is the place where the military flag is raised, and Ruijin is the place where the August 1 Military day was born.

August 1 Military day is the anniversary of the founding of the Chinese people's Liberation Army. It is held on August 1 every year and is set up by the Chinese people's Revolutionary Military Commission to commemorate the founding of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army.

On July 11, 1933, the Provisional Central Government of the Soviet Republic of China decided, on the recommendation of the Central Revolutionary Military Commission on June 30, that August 1 should be the anniversary of the founding of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army. On June 15, 1949, the Military Commission of the Chinese people's revolution issued an order to use the word "August 1" as the main symbol of the flag and emblem of the Chinese people's Liberation Army. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, this anniversary will be renamed the PLA Army Day.

The birthplace of Jianjun Festival

At the end of August 1927, under the command of Zhu De and he long, the Nanchang Uprising troops occupied Ruijin in one fell swoop and won the first battle after the Nanchang Uprising. Ruijin, a small mountainous city in southern Jiangxi, has been inextricably linked with the Chinese revolution since then.

Ye Jianying's ingenious plan to "tune the tiger" South

The Nanchang Uprising on August 1, 1927 shocked Jiang Jieshi and Wang Jingwei. They immediately mobilized hundreds of thousands of troops from Jiangsu, Anhui and Hubei to fight against Nanchang. In view of the great disparity between the enemy and ourselves, the insurgents began to withdraw from Nanchang and March south from August 3. However, more than 20 days after the withdrawal of the insurgents from Nanchang, they did not encounter any obstacles and passed through Linchuan, Yihuang, Guangchang, Ningdu and other places smoothly.

After the Nanchang Uprising broke out, Zhang Fakui, the commander-in-chief of the second front army of the National Revolutionary Army, held an emergency meeting. Ye Jianying, the underground member of the Communist Party of China, who was then the chief of staff of the Fourth Front Army, used the internal contradictions of the reactionary camp to suggest that Zhang Fakui not pursue the uprising troops, and let them go south to fight with Chen Jitang, the warlord of Guangdong. This plan hit Zhang Fakui. So, after leaving Nanchang, the uprising troops were not pursued, and they got a precious opportunity to breathe, and came to Ruijin City safely.

In the afternoon of August 25, 1927, under the command of Zhu De and he long, the insurgents launched their first battle against the city in the north of Ruijin in the town of nontian. Chen told reporters that the main force attacking Ruijin was the first and second divisions led by he long and the third division led by Zhou Yiqun as the reserve team. After a fierce battle all night, five regiments of Qian Dajun, the commander in chief of the right side of the Eighth Route Army of the enemy, were defeated and fled to Huichang. On the morning of the 26th, rebel forces occupied Ruijin city. This is the first time Nanchang Uprising troops have captured the city. However, the victory also paid a heavy price: ran Guoping, chief of staff of the Ninth Army of the uprising, Yu Yuanxue, head of the third regiment of the first division of the 20th army, died in honor, with hundreds of casualties.

After Chiang Kai Shek and Wang Ching Wei rebelled against the revolution in 1927, he long, who was the commander of the 20th army of the National Revolutionary Army, resolutely gave up the high rank and wealth of the Kuomintang and led his department to participate in the Nanchang Uprising in spite of the coercion and inducement of the reactionary camp. Before and after the uprising, he repeatedly expressed his wish to join the Communist Party of China to Zhou Yiqun, director of the Political Department of the 20th army and a member of the Communist Party of China. Zhou Yiqun conveyed this request to Zhou Enlai, Secretary of the former enemy Committee of the uprising. On August 26, after the rebel army occupied Ruijin, Zhou Enlai presided over the pre committee meeting and unanimously approved Helong's application for joining the party. Later, in Ruijin Mianjiang middle school, he long, Guo Moruo and Peng Zemin were sworn in. He long said excitedly: 'in order to test me and cultivate me, the party has been training me for three years. It was not until after the & lsquo; August 1 & rsquo; uprising that the party approved me to participate. It can be seen that it is not easy for a Chinese Communist Party member to stand the test, and he must stand the long-term test of the party after he participates in the party. By no means once he participates in the party, everything will be well and he will no longer need the test of the party. From now on, I will do what the party asks me to do, and never betray the party even if it is broken to pieces! "History proves that Comrade Helong faithfully fulfilled this promise until the last moment of his life.