4hw.com.cn: elderly mothers are more and more common in our society. Many women are busy working and enjoying the world of two when they are young. When they want to have a baby, they may become elderly mothers. How old are they? What should they pay attention to?
What is the age of the old woman
Medically, producers over 35 years old are defined as "elderly mothers", which currently account for about 5%. After the introduction of the national "two child policy", many families have the idea of having two children, and the proportion of elderly mothers has gradually increased.
With the increase of women's age after 35 years old, the incidence of pregnancy induced hypertension, placenta previa, premature delivery, premature rupture of membranes, gestational diabetes, postpartum hemorrhage and other complications in elderly women was significantly higher than that in women of appropriate age. As the physical quality of the mother is no longer the peak, the problem of giving birth to the baby of the elderly mothers is also greater than that of the age-appropriate mothers, such as infant congenital foolishness, cardiovascular malformation, cleft rabbit lip, cleft palate and other malformations are also increased correspondingly. Therefore, we should strengthen the perinatal health care, actively prevent pregnancy complications and complications, and send them to hospital in advance to ensure the safety of mothers and infants.
Precautions for the aged parturient
1. Folic acid is not supplemented before pregnancy, and it must be supplemented after pregnancy
If pregnant women do not have enough folate in their bodies, it is not conducive to the development of the fetal nervous system to a large extent. Therefore, women should try their best to supplement folate in a period of time before pregnancy. If they fail to do so in advance, they should also supplement folate in time after the determination of pregnancy until 12 weeks of pregnancy. It can also be supplemented by foods rich in folate, such as beet, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, orange juice, animal liver, etc., as well as foods rich in zinc, such as marine products, beef, animal liver, etc.
2. Check pregnancy
Pregnancy test is a major measure to find out the abnormal situation as early as possible and ensure the safety of women and fetus. It can also increase the frequency of examination and pay attention to blood pressure and blood glucose. During the 16-20 weeks of pregnancy, the elderly expectant mothers need to carry out down's screening; after 20 weeks of pregnancy, amniocentesis should be carried out to determine whether the fetus is normal. In addition, it is better for such women to be able to use fetal language instrument, so as to monitor the basic fetal heart rate on their own in daily life, and draw the test results into a curve to timely understand the development of the fetus in the abdomen.
3. Pay attention to the diet during pregnancy
Older pregnant women should eat more low-fat, high protein and not too cold or hot food in their daily diet. Some foods such as wine, coffee, tea and caffeinated drinks are not suitable for older pregnant women.
4. Ensure adequate sleep
Only if we have enough sleep time every day can we enhance our immunity, which is beneficial to our own health and the health of the fetus in the abdomen. This kind of women need to have scientific work and rest rules, so that under the premise of eight or nine hours of sleep time every night, they can consciously take a nap at noon every day. Walnut, jujube kernel and other foods can be added to improve the quality of sleep.
5. Keep away from bad environment
(1) Stay away from narrow, crowded, noisy places.
(2) Do not use medicine casually. Any drug has a certain impact on women and babies. For example, antibiotics cannot be taken at will, and sedative drugs should be taken with caution. Only with the guidance of a regular doctor can we consider using them.
(3) Do not contact with radiation. For example, X-ray, radioiodine and patients with radiotherapy are not suitable for exposure.
(4) Avoid contact with patients with infectious diseases. Many infectious diseases will cause great harm to the fetus, especially for measles and simple sporella, so pregnant women should avoid contact with such patients.
6. Prepare for delivery in advance
Generally speaking, the elderly women have caesarean section because of their special physical needs. Due to the poor flexibility of the pelvis of the elderly parturient women, the elasticity of the soft birth canal and ligament is not enough. Therefore, under the condition of uterine atony, the time course of production is slowed down, and there is a risk of injury or even asphyxia in the delivery of the fetus. Therefore, it is necessary to cooperate with the doctor to do a good job of preparation before delivery and carry out necessary nursing.