Enteritis is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. It is mainly manifested by nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, watery stool or mucopurulent bloody stool. Got enteritis how to do? How is enteritis treated? Let's take a look.
Treatment of enteritis:
1. General treatment: viral enteritis generally does not need pathogen treatment, can self-healing. In the acute stage, fasting and absolute bed rest should be carried out. In case of dehydration, water, electrolyte and vitamins should be supplemented in time, and vital signs should be monitored. In the remission stage, proper rest should be taken, light and digestible food should be eaten, and fried and stimulating food should be forbidden. Atropine can be used for abdominal pain. Dehydration patients should be rehydrated, and pay attention to correct electrolyte disorders and acidosis.
2. Drug treatment: the patients with abdominal pain and diarrhea are given antispasmodic and antidiarrheal treatment; the patients with bacterial infection are given effective antibiotic treatment; at the same time, the drugs regulating intestinal immune function are given to inhibit the growth of enteropathogenic bacteria; hormone and immunosuppressive drugs can improve the general condition, relieve the course of disease and reduce the recurrence symptoms.
a. Norfloxacin: also known as norfloxacin. It has wide antibacterial spectrum and strong antibacterial effect, and has significant effect on intestinal bacterial infection. The dosage is 0.1-0.2g every time, 3-4 times a day, and the effect of taking it on an empty stomach is better. Do not use it for children or lactating women, and use it with caution for those with renal dysfunction.
b. Berberine: This product has a wide antibacterial spectrum and a strong killing effect on Escherichia coli. It is suitable for intestinal bacterial infection, and has a significant effect on the patients with acute gastroenteritis and mild disease caused by unclean food. The dosage was 0.1-0.3 g per time, three times a day. Children are given 5-10 mg / kg body weight daily, 3-4 times.
c. Zhixieling: it is also known as benzophenone, which is suitable for acute and chronic functional diarrhea. Its antidiarrheal effect is weaker than that of Yimengting. The oral dose was 2.5 mg per time, three times a day. Use with caution in patients with liver disease.
d. 654-2: also known as anisodamine, it can selectively relieve spasm, commonly used in gastrointestinal colic, dilate blood vessels, improve microcirculation, and treat septic shock. Take 5-10 mg orally three times a day. Glaucoma and cerebral hemorrhage are forbidden.