Don't eat like this in patients with renal failure!
1. The patient thinks that vegetarianism is good for the improvement of the condition
The patients with chronic renal failure should eat animal protein with high essential amino acids, such as milk, eggs, fish, properly control the intake of plant protein, not select plant protein such as soybean milk and tofu and other beans and bean products. However, the intake of protein should be controlled, and the intake of protein should be controlled every day. The intake of protein every day can be roughly estimated according to the level of serum creatinine.
2. In order to reduce the burden on the kidney, the patients do not eat salt and drink less water
As we all know that water and salt are directly related to edema, many patients pay special attention to salt drinking water, resulting in the "fear of salt", "fear of water" mentality, or even do not eat salt, the result is just the opposite. Salt restriction * is necessary for patients with chronic renal failure with hypertension, edema and oliguria, so as not to cause too much sodium retention, edema and hypertension. But not all patients should limit water and salt.
3. The patient thinks that DUOHE bone soup will be good for the body
Bone soup contains more phosphorus, which will aggravate hyperphosphatemia. Practice has proved that drinking bone soup not only can not improve the calcium deficiency, but also can accelerate the renal function damage due to the increase of blood phosphorus. Low phosphorus diet can delay the secondary hyperthyroidism and renal osteodynia caused by renal insufficiency. Therefore, low phosphorus diet is suitable for patients with chronic renal failure.
4. Renal function of patients with chronic renal failure treated by starvation
Starvation therapy can not protect the renal function of chronic renal failure, only make the original condition worse. Patients with chronic renal failure must not try it by example. Clinical doctors should not only emphasize the high-quality and low protein diet, but also ensure the supply of enough calories in the daily diet, that is, to ensure the body has enough energy supply, reduce the decomposition of endogenous protein, so as to reduce the azotemia.
Nursing methods of renal failure
1. Diet care
According to the principles of "salty injury to the kidney" and "light infiltration and dampness", the patients with chronic renal failure should eat a low salt diet, and the patients with severe hypertension and edema should strictly control the salt intake, without salt diet. The main food for patients with chronic renal failure can be rice and flour, the amount of protein can be limited, the burden of kidney can be reduced, high-quality protein can be selected, and animal protein can be used as the main food, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, etc., soybean, peanut and bean products and other vegetable protein foods are forbidden. The intake of protein can be increased properly for patients undergoing dialysis treatment. Since the blood urea nitrogen level of patients with chronic renal failure affects vitamin metabolism, vitamin A, B and C should be supplemented in diet. In case of oliguria or anuria, the foods with high potassium content such as mustard tuber, mushroom, banana and potato shall be limited to avoid causing hyperkalemia.
2. Emotional care
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that seven emotions can directly affect the corresponding viscera, make Qi and blood disorder, leading to disease or aggravation. Chronic renal failure patients generally have a serious illness and a long course, which leads to depression and pessimism. At this time, we should actively guide patients, educate patients to treat their own diseases correctly, and encourage patients to maintain a positive and optimistic attitude. In this way, positive and pleasant psychology can enhance the body's resistance to disease and play the role of "positive Qi is stored inside, evil cannot be dried".
3. Medication instruction
Traditional Chinese medicine is made of natural plants with less side effects. When choosing western medicine, patients with chronic renal failure should avoid nephrotoxic drugs, such as gentamicin, cephalosporin, etc. At the same time, attention should be paid to medication taboos. Patients with chronic renal failure should avoid cold food such as radish and mung bean when taking ginseng and other Qi tonics, so as to avoid reducing the temperature tonic effect of the drug. At the same time, during the treatment, the patients should not be changed, reduced, stopped medicine too early or not followed up for observation, so as to avoid aggravating the condition.
4. Living Guide
In the late stage of chronic renal failure, the patients will have renal anemia, fatigue and weakness of spirit, and the waist and knees will be sore. Therefore, the patients should stay in bed, and the ward should be regularly ventilated to ensure fresh air and sufficient sunshine. Bed rest is not indefinite. If the patient's edema decreases, hypertension decreases, anemia improves, the patient can move properly. The amount of activity should be as little as possible, first on the bed, then under the bed. According to traditional Chinese medicine, "kidney stores essence", which can be used up by patients with atrial strain. Therefore, patients with chronic renal failure should reduce the amount of sex, which is very important for the maintenance of the kidney and the early recovery. It is also not advisable to regard sexual life as a fear of the way. It should be determined according to the condition of the disease. It is better to accept the doctor's advice. At the same time, attention should be paid to hygiene in sexual life to prevent infection from aggravating renal damage.
Attention for nursing of chronic renal failure: at the same time, the spleen and stomach of patients with chronic renal failure are decayed, and the dampness is turbid and blocked, so that the patients have bad breath, thick and greasy tongue coating, reduced appetite, nausea and vomiting symptoms. Therefore, the oral nursing of patients with chronic renal failure is also very important. It is necessary to guide the patients to rinse before and after meals, and brush their teeth before waking up. Keep defecation unobstructed, promote 'turbid Yin out of the lower orifices', and also reduce the taste of urine in the mouth.