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Is premarital examination necessary? What are the items of premarital examination

4hw.com.cn: as we all know, we need to have a check-up before we get married. The purpose of premarital examination is to detect diseases, prevent the spread of infectious diseases and genetic diseases, control many genetic diseases, avoid the lack of children's birth rate, improve the quality of the population, and ensure the happiness of marriage after marriage, which is of great significance for both men and women. So what are the items of premarital examination? Is premarital examination necessary? Now let's have a look!

Premarital examination items

1. Congenital genetic disease

Such as albinism, primary epilepsy, achondroplasia, myotonic dystrophy, hereditary retinitis pigmentosa and so on. The screening of genetic diseases requires the detection of chromosomes.

2. Legal infectious diseases

Including AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis B, etc., these diseases can be checked by blood sampling or smear.

3. Malformation of reproductive system

Such as albinism, primary epilepsy, achondroplasia, myotonic dystrophy, hereditary retinitis pigmentosa and so on. The screening of genetic diseases requires the detection of chromosomes.

4. More serious psychosis

For example, severe mania, schizophrenia and so on, these diseases may endanger others' life safety and health, and patients' psychological problems will cause many serious consequences. This kind of disease needs to be diagnosed by a psychiatrist.

5. Blood routine and urine routine

6. Cardiac function

General heart disease can be screened by ECG, while congenital heart disease can be screened by color Doppler echocardiography.

7. Pulmonary function

Usually take X-ray chest film.

8, blood

Blood was drawn to check whether the liver and kidney functions were normal.

9, blood sugar

Blood tests to see if there is diabetes.

10. Blood pressure

Blood tests to see if there is diabetes.

11. Viscera

B ultrasound can be used to check whether the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and kidney are abnormal.

Is premarital examination necessary

In the past, premarital examination had to be done, but according to the new marriage law, it can be done or not, all on a voluntary basis.

But for the sake of children's health, we should go to the marriage check-up. If one of the men and women has a physical problem, they can find early treatment and avoid the physical problems of children.