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Pregnant women can eat more fruit

Sihaiwang: many pregnant women with gestational diabetes are particularly concerned about the impact on their children. I dare not eat fruit at ordinary times. In fact, it can be eaten, but pregnant women should pay more attention to ways and methods. And the choice of fruit. Let's have a look at it with Xiaobian.

What happens when pregnant women eat too much fruit

Great harm.

In order to have a healthy, beautiful and white skin baby, some expectant mothers almost eat fruit as a meal. Some even eat two or three kilograms a day. This kind of diet is very unscientific.

Fruit is rich in carbohydrates, water, cellulose and a small amount of protein, fat, vitamin A, B and minerals. However, the content of crude cellulose and its special nutrients are not as good as that of green leafy vegetables, which lack vitamin B12 and amino acids. In fact, eating a fruit every day after meals is enough to ensure the nutritional intake.

Long term dependence on fruit as the only source of nutrition will produce many disadvantages, such as anemia. In recent years, it has been found that excessive consumption of fruits by pregnant women is not only easy to cause hyperlipidemia, but also lead to the rise of gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes refers to the abnormal glucose metabolism of some pregnant women, which leads to the rise of blood sugar, usually returning to normal within two months after delivery. Most of its causes are due to improper diet, and excessive fruit consumption is the biggest inducement.

The right way to eat fruit during pregnancy

​ &; &; &; &; &; &; &; 1. It's better not to exceed 300 grams per day

Pregnant women should not take fruit as the main food, and should follow the seasonal and diversified choice of fresh food. The daily intake of fruits is 1-3 per meal, and the daily intake of vegetables is 400g, of which 1 / 2 should be green leaf vegetables.

2. Eat more fruits during pregnancy

The balance of nutrition can be achieved by eating different kinds of food at different time of pregnancy and taking different nutrients.

Early pregnancy: pregnant Mommy had better eat more apples, peaches, apricots, pineapples, prunes and other neutral fruits.

Second trimester: rich in fruit. In the second trimester, the pregnant mother's physical condition is relatively stable, and the hormone of the fetus is also very balanced. Therefore, pregnant women can choose a variety of fruits to supplement according to their own constitution.

Third trimester: pregnant Mommy can eat more fruits with more vitamins like kiwifruit. Orange to eat less, orange can eat more, its vitamin content is very high. Fig has the effect of appetizing and eliminating food. Pregnant mothers who have accumulated food can eat some properly.

What fruit is good for gestational diabetes

​ &; &; &; &; &; &; &; &; 1. Cherry

Cherry is sour and sweet. It can reduce blood pressure, blood sugar and protect stomach. The anthocyanin rich in cherry can increase the content of insulin in human body, so as to effectively reduce the blood sugar of diabetic patients. In addition, cherry is rich in vitamin E, which is beneficial to the prevention and treatment of renal complications in diabetic patients. At the same time, vitamin E can help diabetic patients prevent cardiovascular complications. It's the fruit that pregnant diabetics can eat, but they still need to control their intake.

In addition, the iron content of cherries is particularly high. The iron content of each 100g of cherries is up to 5.9mg, ranking first in fruits. Regular consumption of cherries can supplement the body's demand for iron elements, promote the regeneration of hemoglobin, prevent iron deficiency anemia, strengthen the body, strengthen the brain, improve intelligence, nourish the skin, make the skin ruddy, tender and white, wrinkle and remove spots.

2, grapefruit

Grapefruit contains insulin. It can play a role in reducing blood lipid of diabetic patients. The pulp of grapefruit contains naringin. Naringin is the insulin of the plant world, so it is a good choice for pregnant diabetic mothers to eat grapefruit. In addition, grapefruit can also clear away the hot and dry, stimulate the body fluid to quench the thirst, move the Qi wide, appetizer and eliminate the food, defecate, eliminate the halitosis and the bad breath in the intestines, dissipate phlegm and cough, relieve the intoxication, prevent the cold and gum bleeding. Grapefruit contains cellulose, pectin, potassium, vitamin C, folic acid, inositol, bioflavonoids, limonene, etc. it contains less sugar, which can be said to be a combination of grapefruit and sweet orange, with high nutritional value. The natural folic acid contained in grapefruit is very important not only for early pregnancy, but also for the whole pregnancy. Therefore, grapefruit is the first choice for pregnant women, but it should not be eaten more.

3. Kiwifruit

Kiwifruit has the potential of anti diabetes. It contains chromium and has the medicinal value of treating diabetes. It stimulates isolated cells to secrete insulin, so it can reduce the blood sugar of diabetic patients. The powder is mixed with balsam pear powder, which can adjust the blood sugar level. It has the effect of improving the symptoms of thirst and fever in patients with gestational diabetes.

In addition, kiwifruit also contains other rare nutrients - folic acid, carotene, calcium, lutein, amino acids, natural inositol. Kiwifruit is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E. a kiwifruit contains 87 mg of vitamin C, which can provide a person's daily vitamin C demand. It can not only beautify the skin, but also has antioxidant effect, effectively whiten the skin, eliminate freckles and dark sores, enhance the anti-aging ability of the skin, strengthen the immune system, and promote wound healing. It has a considerable effect on acne and pockmark marks.

4, strawberry

Although strawberries are sweet, pregnant diabetics can also eat strawberries, because the sugar content of strawberries is not very high. Moreover, strawberry contains aspartic acid, which can naturally and peacefully remove heavy metal ions in the body. Most importantly, it can be used to treat gestational diabetes.

In addition, strawberry is rich in amino acids, fructose, sucrose, glucose, citric acid, malic acid, pectin, carotene, vitamin B1, B2, niacin and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, etc. the carotene contained in strawberry is an important substance for the synthesis of vitamin A, which has the function of eye-catching and liver nourishing. It can nourish and regulate gastrointestinal tract and anemia, prevent scurvy, prevent arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Strawberry also has the functions of moistening lung, promoting body fluid, invigorating spleen, relieving summer heat, relieving fever, diuresis and thirst. It is mainly used to treat wind heat cough, erosion of tongue, swelling of throat, constipation, hypertension and other diseases. It is suitable for all ages.

5. Tomato

The content of sugar in tomato is low. The patients with diabetes can eat it. It has the functions of hemostasis, hypotension, diuresis, stomach strengthening, thirst relieving, heat clearing, detoxification, blood cooling and liver calming. Tomato contains' lycopene ', which can inhibit bacteria. It can be eaten raw and cooked, delicious and whitening (in fact, research shows that the total nutritional value of cooked food is higher than that of raw food). Flavonoids in tomato can not only reduce the permeability of capillaries and prevent their rupture, but also prevent vascular sclerosis, which can prevent cervical cancer, bladder cancer, pancreatic cancer and other diseases. Tomatoes are rich in carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B, vitamin B2, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine and other elements, as well as protein, sugar, organic acid and cellulose. The proportion of vitamin A and vitamin C in tomato is suitable. According to the research and determination of nutritionists, each person can eat 50-100g fresh tomato every day, which can meet the needs of human body for several vitamins and minerals. Note: do not eat tomatoes on an empty stomach. It contains a large number of soluble astringents and other components, which react with gastric acid and coagulate into insoluble lumps. These lumps may block the outlet pylorus of the stomach, causing gastrointestinal fullness, pain and other uncomfortable symptoms.

6. Cucumber

It should be noted that glucosides and fructose contained in cucumber do not participate in the usual sugar metabolism, so the diabetes patients eat cucumber instead of starch food to satisfy their hunger, and the blood sugar will not increase or even decrease. Therefore, the proper intake of cucumber for pregnant women has the effect of lowering blood sugar, beautifying and clearing intestines. In addition, cucumber also has the effect of removing heat, promoting water and diuresis, clearing away heat and detoxifying. The bitter element in cucumber has the function of anti-cancer. At the same time, cucumber also contains propanol diacid, cucurbitacin and soft fine fiber, which is the first choice for beauty and beauty. Note: do not eat cucumber with other fruits and vegetables. Cucumber contains a vitamin C decomposing enzyme, which will destroy the rich vitamin C in other vegetables.