How to prevent the worst influenza in the past 10 years in the United States
Sihaiwang: Recently, according to US media. The U.S. is suffering from the strongest flu in 10 years. How many 45 states has the U.S. influenza spread, causing 114 children to die? Why is the U.S. influenza so rampant? How to prevent influenza? Let's have a look with Xiaobian.
According to foreign media reports, in the last week of February, the flu epidemic still hit 45 states in the United States, while its momentum has declined compared with the previous 48 weeks. The number of flu like symptoms in the doctor's office is significantly lower. According to the data, influenza accounted for 5% of all outpatient visits, down from 6.4% in the previous week. Just a few weeks ago, the figure was 7.7%, the highest since the 2009 swine flu pandemic.
It is understood that the severe injury to children caused by the influenza epidemic in the United States is now higher than that in the past few years, but it has not reached the final figure reported in 2014-2015, when 148 children died. It is estimated that 56000 people died that year, most of them elderly. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) did not determine the exact number of deaths in adults.
According to CDC data, about 36% of influenza cases in the population vaccinated against influenza this year are effective, but for young children, the effect of the vaccine is better, about 59%. However, behind this year's epidemic situation, the effectiveness of the vaccine against diseases caused by major viruses is relatively poor, with an effective rate of only about 25%.
How to prevent influenza?
Wash hands frequently: wash hands not only before and after meals, but also after coughing or sneezing.
Cover the mouth and nose: keep good respiratory hygiene habits. When coughing or sneezing, use paper towel, towel, etc
Cover the mouth and nose and try to avoid touching the eyes, nose or mouth.
Regular ventilation: pay attention to the ventilation of living and learning environment, and the convection of air can avoid the infection of influenza virus
Provide a hotbed and add clothes to prevent cold during ventilation.
Antiviral treatment: the national health and Family Planning Commission issued the latest version of the influenza diagnosis and treatment program, in which a number of antiviral drugs are explicitly recommended, including oseltamivir, zanamivir, palamivir, Lianhua Qingwen capsule and antiviral drugs suitable for children, such as children's antiviral granules, children's Guqiao Qingre granules, antelope horn powder, etc.