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How did the Double Ninth Festival come about? Two stories about the origin of the Double Ninth Festi

Double Ninth Festival is a traditional festival in China, which has a long history of inheritance in China. The Double Ninth Festival has the customs of climbing high and looking far, inserting dogwood and drinking chrysanthemum wine. Do you know how the Double Ninth Festival came? This article introduces the origin of the Double Ninth Festival. Let's learn about our traditional festival Double Ninth Festival.

the origin of the Double Ninth Festival: sacrifice and nature worship

The origin of the Double Ninth Festival

The origin of Chongyang can be traced back to the pre Qin period. Ji Qiu Ji in Lu's spring and Autumn Annals states: 'in September, I ordered my family to slaughter and prepare for farming. Here are five essentials. The collection of the Tibetan emperor's books in the shencang must be ordered only by respect. " It's the same day. It's a great feast for the emperor. Taste the sacrifice and prepare it for the son of heaven. " It can be seen that there were activities to offer sacrifices to the emperor of heaven and ancestors at the harvest of crops in autumn and September.

In the Han Dynasty, Jia Peilan, a palace official in the Western Han Dynasty, said: "on September 9, wearing dogwood, eating Peng bait and drinking chrysanthemum wine, clouds make people live longer." It is said that since then, there has been the custom of seeking longevity on the Double Ninth Festival. This was influenced by ancient Wizards (later Taoists) who pursued longevity and collected drugs. At the same time, there are large-scale banquet activities, which developed from the feast of celebrating the harvest in the Pre-Qin Dynasty. "Jing Chu Sui Shi Ji" said: "on September 9, the four people had a banquet together in the wild." Duke Du of the Sui Dynasty said, "the banquet on September 9, unknown from what generation, but it has not changed since the Song Dynasty." Seeking longevity and feasting constitute the basis of the Double Ninth Festival.

The origin of the Double Ninth Festival

One of the archetypes of the Double Ninth Festival is the ancient ritual of sacrificing the fire.

As the symbol of ancient seasonal stars, the "fire" star retreated in autumn and September. Xia Xiaozheng called "fire in September". The retreat of the "fire" star not only lost the time coordinates of the ancients who always took the great Mars as the symbol of seasonal production and seasonal life, but also caused inexplicable fear to the ancients who worshipped the fire as a God. The dormancy of the God of fire means the arrival of a long winter. Therefore, In the 'internal fire' season, just as there should be a fire welcoming ceremony when it appears, people should hold corresponding farewell ceremonies. Although the situation of ancient sacrificial rites is remote and difficult to know, we can still find some traces of ancient customs from the Double Ninth Festival rites of later generations. For example, some areas in the south of the Yangtze River have the custom of offering sacrifices to stoves on the Double Ninth Festival, which is the God of fire at home. This shows the clues of offering sacrifices to 'fire' in ancient September. The ancients took the Double Ninth Festival and Shangsi or cold food, September 9 and March 3 as the corresponding spring and autumn festivals. Han Liu Xin's Xijing miscellany said: "it's already on March, and the Double Ninth Festival in September. The maid's game is on the rise." The correspondence between Shangsi, cold food and Chongyang is based on the presence of 'fire'.

With the progress of people's livelihood technology, people have a new understanding of time, and the 'fire calendar' gives way to the general calendar. The ceremony of offering fire in September declined, but people still have special feelings about the changes of natural climate caused by the decline of Yang in September. Therefore, the ancient custom of climbing high and avoiding taboos is still spread to the city, although the world has a new explanation.

Chongyang has become a time landmark for the handover of summer and winter in people's life. If Shangsi and cold food are the Spring Festival for people to travel out of the room after a long winter, then Chongyang is about a ceremonial autumn trip when the autumn cold is new and the people are about to live in seclusion. Therefore, the folk custom has Shangsi "outing" and Chongyang "farewell to youth". The Double Ninth Festival custom revolves around people's feelings of this season.