Sihai network

The demolition and reconstruction of famous urban villages in Shenzhen suddenly brought huge wealth.

A 'stone' stirs thousands of waves. As the famous city village in the city center and the "old aircraft carrier" in Shenzhen, Baishizhou is finally going to be demolished and rebuilt. This is an old dream that began 14 years ago. " Bay sandbar, white stone on the top of the mountain ', according to local chronicles, a large white stone hanging on the top of the small mountain in front of the village is the origin of the place name of Baishizhou. This 0.6 square kilometer land has long been symbolized. For aborigines, it is their hometown, bitter past and boat ticket to the future; For 'deep drift', it is the place where the dream begins; In the eyes of city managers, it is like a lipoma on Shennan Avenue; In the eyes of artists and scholars, it is also a fertile land for creation and Research & hellip& hellip; Baishizhou is like a five colored stone, where different discourse systems are intertwined.

Also intertwined are the historical narrative and future questioning of Shenzhen, a 'miracle city': how can different stakeholders help each other here? How can the old reform, which has been delayed for more than ten years because of the problems left over by history, be broken? An immigrant city, how to make the migrant population keep pace with the pace of urban growth, rather than being abandoned in urban renewal?

Rent clearing problem

Baishizhou crosses Shennan Avenue. Lunan is a real Baishizhou village, close to the window of the world and Shenzhen Bay Park. Lubei is the upper Baishi, lower Baishi and other four natural villages included in the scope of demolition and reconstruction. The North-South area is collectively referred to as Shahe five villages, which is subordinate to Shahe street. Like other places in Shenzhen, locals are the 'minority' here, with the vast majority of migrant population. During the peak period, 150000 people lived here, known as the 'first stop of deep drift'.

Even a newcomer can easily integrate here. Exit a of Baishizhou station of Metro Line 1 and walk along Shahe street. There are cheap and delicious snacks, cheap and practical daily necessities, and free barber shops and nail salons & hellip& hellip; The two-story Jiangnan department store is a landmark here. The small square in front of the door is a playground for children during the day and a paradise for square dance lovers at night.

Handshake buildings and kiss buildings stand everywhere, and the long and narrow vegetable market connects the whole community like a capillary. On the chopping board, neatly packed chickens, ducks and geese were lined up. It's crowded but full of fireworks.

Since June, a rent clearance notice has disrupted the daily life here. The landlords who have signed the demolition compensation agreement inform the tenants with a piece of A4 paper and similar wording: the urban renewal of the village has been officially started. Please settle the rent and utilities and move out of the building before the end of September.

The intermittent demolition rumors in the past 14 years have suddenly become a reality. Moving vehicles and people carrying suitcases have become the most common scene in Shahe street. My hair salon brother, who worked in Shenzhen for five or six years from Zhanjiang, dragged the box to Xili in the north. He was asked if he would be a little reluctant to leave Baishizhou? He smiled and said, 'it's okay! Wandering is the same everywhere. "

Official data show that the original resident population of the four villages in the North District of Baishizhou is 83000, and the population has continued to decrease since the rent clearance began on June 30. As of September 10, there was a total decrease of 28731.

Merchants and student families are the two groups most affected. Compared with the 'duckweed' like the little brother of the hair salon, they are more like people who have roots in Baishizhou. Signs of clearing and dumping goods are hung at the door of many shops. The owner of a clothing store who was dumping goods said that he had just signed the rent for two years, spent 50000 or 60000 to renovate the store, and encountered demolition within a month of opening. " We thought we wouldn't dismantle it because the road was still being built at the door. I was not willing to turn around the 600000 transfer fee offered by someone before, and now I regret to death. "

"For many years, I've been talking about dismantling it, but I haven't!" The boss has opened a clothing store here for nearly ten years. In the past, when business was good, thousands of people flowed every day. Now young people have moved away. Even if they dump goods, they can only sell hundreds of dollars a day. " Not even the rent! " The boss sighed that the rent was nearly 20000 yuan every month, including water and electricity.

In the old building not far from the store, there lived the boss's parents. In their twenties, they left Jieyang's hometown and worked hard outside. They finally brought up their children. Unexpectedly, they are now going back to their hometown with their youngest grandson. But there was nothing in their hometown. It was not a last resort. They didn't want to go back at all. A corner of the shabby room is stacked with the old man's luggage. For the time being, the family of ten can't be 'neat' together.

Many parents of students were also caught off guard. As we all know, Baishizhou, as a village in the city, provides enrollment opportunities for many migrant children. One of the reasons is that most of the rich families nearby choose to let their children attend private schools, leaving a lot of places for public schools. A parent told China Newsweek that Shenzhen implements integral enrollment, and other places may not be able to enter school with more than 200 points. More than 30 points in Baishizhou is enough.

In fact, this transformation will not cause children to drop out of school. Baishizhou reconstruction site working group told China Newsweek that the demolition does not involve the demolition of schools, and students' schooling will not be affected. But family relocation means a sharp rise in the cost of living and time. Therefore, in the early stage of demolition, their rebound is also the strongest. Merchant groups, parent groups and wechat groups have been built one by one. True and false news is flying all over the world, and many petitioners have come to the city and province.

For the Baishizhou urban renewal site working group, some of these contradictions are reasonable and some are unexpected. " Tenants make so many demands, which are rarely seen in other places. " Zou Xiaoming, who served as the leader of the on-site working group from Shahe street to Baishizhou, admitted.

The working group said that according to the past practice of Shenzhen, the lease clearing period is generally two months, and Baishizhou has given an extra month. " Considering the large number of tenants in Baishizhou, it is necessary to avoid the flood of more than 80000 people. " Zou Xiaoming said.

As a government agency, the on-site working group plays the role of interest coordinator of all parties and timely issues solutions to the problems in rent clearance. At the end of July and the beginning of August, Shahe sub district office organized several communication meetings with business representatives and students' parents. A building of more than 300 square meters was transformed into a mass reception hall.

On July 24, 'Baishizhou update official wechat' was officially opened, and policy interpretation, update trends and relevant tips were successively released. In addition, the working group also organized forces to conduct research in 17 nearby urban villages to make the surrounding rent prices and driving routes public through wechat.

On the opening day of school on September 1, Baishizhou opened three special buses to pick up students who live far away from the school after relocation. But for tenants, the rent rise caused by large-scale demolition is the 'pain' they have to bear.

"Baishizhou renewal is a major project in Shenzhen and Nanshan District. It is highly concerned and controlled. There can be no mistake." Zou Xiaoming said.

Late old change

Like every large-scale demolition, the myth of making wealth is the most eye-catching. On December 28, 2018, Shenzhen Municipal Commission of planning and land resources officially approved the urban renewal unit plan of Shahe five villages, Shahe street, Nanshan District. Subsequently, the news that Baishizhou will have 1878 billionaires was uploaded on the Internet.

According to a local villager who has signed a contract, the demolition area of his family is about 1200 square meters. According to the compensation standard of 1:1.03, 15 relocated houses will be obtained after demolition, of which 7 are apartments.

But there are not many 'big families' like him. Baishizhou Industrial Co., Ltd. is the main body of the application for the old reform. Chi weiqi, chairman of the company, told China Newsweek that 1878 households are the total number of local villagers. The average property area of local families is 500 or 600 square meters, and the villagers with an area of more than 1000 square meters will not exceed 20%. The statement that thousands of billionaires were born overnight cannot be established.

But the return after demolition is obviously rich enough. A staff member of told China Newsweek that the current second-hand houses in Baishizhou are divided into stair houses and elevator houses, with a unit price of 65000 ~ 75000 yuan per square meter, while the house price in the surrounding overseas Chinese towns is about 100000 yuan.

The sudden huge wealth is enviable. But for aborigines, this day has been waiting too long. " The history of Baishizhou is full of tears. " A villager said.

Land is the root of all problems.

In 1959, due to the need of border defense, the Agricultural Reclamation Bureau of Foshan special district established Shahe farm in Shahe five villages. Later, the farm was under the jurisdiction of Shenzhen city. 1992 was a crucial year, laying the groundwork for future contradictions. This year, the Shenzhen Special Zone implemented rural urbanization, and each village established joint-stock companies, and farmers became shareholders. However, the villagers of Shahe five villages only get urban hukou, and other policies have not been fulfilled. Shahe five village has become a marginal body that has not established a joint-stock company, has not confirmed the right of villagers' homestead, and has not returned the land for collective economic development.

Farmers who lose their land can't farm, they can only 'farm buildings' on the homestead. In the memory of the villagers, Baishizhou had three peaks of 'building planting'. The first was the demolition of tile roofed houses in the 1980s, and the second was the demolition of ancestral houses around 1992 and the construction of three or four storey buildings. With more and more tenants, the illegal buildings in the village were built higher and higher around 2000. Sometimes the top came for inspection and knocked down two or three floors. Before long, the villagers quietly covered them.

Because of historical arrears, the government can only acquiesce in the villagers' behavior of obtaining rent income by 'planting buildings'. However, due to the failure to form their own collective economy, the living standard of the villagers in Shahe five village is far behind that of the nearby Dachong village. From 2003 to 2007, Baishizhou villagers have been petitioning, from the city to the province and to the central government. The villagers' appeal is to return their own land.

With the take-off of Shenzhen, Baishizhou, standing next to Shennan Avenue, is more and more inconsistent with the image of Shenzhen. Baishizhou is separated by the luxury residence area of OCT, Nanshan Science and Technology Park in the West and happy valley and the window of the world in the East. Compared with the rapid development of the surrounding areas, this is a corner forgotten by time.

In 2004, news of the old reform came from Baishizhou, but the old reform could not be promoted because many historical problems were pending. At the end of 2006, in order to promote the solution of historical problems, with the support of Nanshan District Party committee and district government, Shenzhen Baishizhou Investment Development Co., Ltd. was established with 2075 original villagers of Shahe five village as shareholders to represent the collective economic interests of the villagers.

On December 31, 2009, breakthrough progress was made in the problems left over by history in Shahe five village. 81600 square meters of the 146900 square meters of industrial land in this area was owned by the Nanshan government to solve the problems left over by history. Nanshan District decided to hand over relevant land and assets to Baishizhou Investment Development Co., Ltd. for management and income.

After the collective land was bagged as an, Baishizhou was approved to be included in the urban renewal unit plan of Shenzhen in July 2014. In June 2017, Nanshan Administration Bureau of Shenzhen Municipal Commission of planning and land resources publicized the draft urban renewal unit plan of Shahe five villages. At the end of 2018, the project received special approval. So far, the 14-year-old Baishizhou urban renewal plan has become a reality, and the 'old aircraft carrier' has come a long time.

"Don't always be jealous of our locals. Many outsiders didn't know the bitterness and bitterness of those years." Chi Wei, chairman of Baishizhou Co., Ltd