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Philosopher Yu dunkang died at the age of 90

On the morning of July 14, 2019, Yu dunkang, a famous contemporary philosopher, thinker, member of the honorary Department of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, former researcher of the Institute of religion of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, doctoral supervisor and member of the eighth and Ninth CPPCC National Committee, died of illness at the age of 90.

Mr. Yu dunkang

Yu dunkang was born in May 1930 in Hanyang, Hubei Province. He has long been engaged in the study of the history of Chinese philosophy and the history of thought. He has made great achievements in Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, mainly focusing on Confucianism, metaphysics and Yi ology. His representative works include He Yan Wang Bi's new exploration of metaphysics, the connection between inner saints and outer Kings - modern interpretation of Yi ology in the Northern Song Dynasty, the history of metaphysics in the Wei and Jin Dynasties and the history of the development of Chinese philosophy (co authored), anthologies of Chinese philosophy, the present and past of the book of changes, and the management of the book of changes have attracted the attention of many scholars at home and abroad.

From the age of 27 to 50, Mr. Yu dunkang had a rough experience. He was admitted to the Department of philosophy of Wuhan University in 1951 and transferred to the Department of philosophy of Peking University after department adjustment in 1952. He studied with Mr. Feng Youlan and graduated in 1955. In 1956, he studied as a graduate student in the Department of philosophy of Peking University. In 1957, Peking University launched a rectification movement with loud and open voices. At that time, the big character newspapers were overwhelming. Yu dunkang wrote four letters in a row to express his feelings. The letter said: 'at present, it is not enough to just shout long live the Communist Party and long live the people's Republic of China. And shout: long live the principle of reason! Long live democracy and freedom! Long live the socialist legal system! " These letters became a major turning point in his life. Therefore, he was classified as a rightist and assigned to Pinglin high school in Zaoyang, Hubei Province as a teacher. He returned to school three years later to engage in data work and took off his hat in 1969.

In 1970, he was assigned to Pinglin commune in Zaoyang, Hubei Province as a middle school teacher for eight years. In 1978, he was transferred to the Institute of religion of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and successively served as assistant researcher, associate researcher and researcher. 1987, transferred to the thinker research center of Nanjing University. He returned to the Institute of religion, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1989 and served as a researcher until he retired.

From 1993 to 2002, he successively served as a member of the eighth and Ninth CPPCC National Committee.

Later, he said in his memory: "during the period of my life from the age of 27 to 50, I sank down, worked, read, thought, reflected and realized. Time kept moving forward like a trickle, and my thoughts and emotions became more and more interested in the metaphysics of the Wei and Jin Dynasties. Intentionally or unintentionally, the metaphysics of the Wei and Jin Dynasties became my spiritual sustenance, I seek rational understanding and emotional satisfaction from it. The philosophers in the Wei and Jin dynasties have a deep sense of hardship of the times. They advocate the personality of ideological liberation and personality consciousness, and resort to these spirits in writing, which are very consistent with my temperament. Metaphysicians are still painstakingly exploring the new meaning of heaven and man under the condition of living difficulties and tragic fate. With the realization of my own life, I have found my ontological existence as the whole person, and found a new way to interpret metaphysics without starting with epistemology and using the whole person as the judge. "

Professor Yu dunkang has long been committed to the study of the history of Chinese philosophy and thought, and has made achievements in Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. However, he dunkang mainly focuses on Confucianism, metaphysics and the book of changes. He reviews his main works, such as the present and past of the book of changes, the new exploration of He Yan and Wang Bi's metaphysics, the connection between inner saints and outer Kings - the modern interpretation of the book of changes in the Northern Song Dynasty, the history of metaphysics in the Wei and Jin Dynasties Compilation of teaching materials for the history of Chinese Philosophy (four volumes and eight volumes of pre Qin, Han, Wei, Jin, Sui and Tang Dynasties, published by Zhonghua Publishing House), history of the development of Chinese Philosophy (edited by Ren Jiyu, one of the main writers), history of Chinese Buddhism (edited by Ren Jiyu, one of the writers) In addition, there are dozens of important papers reflecting his ideological views, such as "the book of changes and the book of changes", "review of the book of Rites", "six schools and seven schools" and "on Confucian ethics". His study of the book of changes has attracted the attention of academic circles in the mainland and relevant scholars in Taiwan and abroad. Taiwan University has incorporated his works and papers into the selected works of the book of changes and the network of the book of changes in the United States His works are described in detail as the masterpiece of Chinese mainland China's Yi studies. The two works of Wang Bi, a new exploration of Ho Yan's metaphysics and the interpretation of "inner saint and outer king" -- the modern interpretation of the Yi ology in the Northern Song Dynasty were awarded the outstanding academic achievement award of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and were approved by scholars at home and abroad.

Mr. Yu dunkang's systematic research on traditional culture is mainly based on solving the practical difficulties, especially the cultural needs of the transformation of modern Chinese society. In addition to the profound thought and unique perspective recognized by the academic circles, he also has the skills of textual exegesis, edition bibliography and collation. He advocates re understanding the tradition according to the prospect of the future, rising to rational consciousness and establishing both These research results have been fully affirmed and valued by the academic circles, and are of great enlightening significance to the reinterpretation of Chinese traditional culture and the cultural construction of modern society.

In 2016, Mr. Yu dunkang received an exclusive interview with Phoenix Sinology at home

Mr. Yu dunkang's general view on Chinese traditional culture has three main points:

1、 Based on the systematic study of Chinese history, ideology and culture, this paper puts forward that the important feature of Chinese Confucian culture is its integration and the harmonious spirit, which is determined by China's specific historical choice;

2、 The study of the source of Chinese culture points out that the key to the continuity of Chinese history lies in culture rather than politics. The origin of this religious culture based on the clan system can be traced back to the era of Zhuanxu. After that, it has formed a continuous series from Yao, Shun and Yu to Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. Although there are struggles between different political interest groups, but There is an identification with common religious feelings and common values. This cultural identification can transcend the differences of blood and race, effectively adjust the practical interests of different political groups, and play an integration function. Because the centripetal force of culture is greater than the centrifugal force in politics, the Chinese nation can move forward in parallel, pluralistic and integrated;

3、 Based on the study of the process and source of Chinese history and culture, this paper puts forward that China's historical society develops in the internal composition and organic movement of the four elements of Taoist orthodoxy, political orthodoxy, academic orthodoxy and popular orthodoxy, in which the reasonable tension between Taoist orthodoxy and political orthodoxy is the key to the normal development of society , is an important reason for the rise and fall of Chinese history.

Mr. Yu dunkang obtained the qualification of doctoral tutor in 1985. He has successively guided many doctoral and master's students majoring in religious teaching and history of Chinese philosophy. He has offered courses such as "special topics on the history of Chinese philosophy and thought", "guidance on classical literature reading" and "special research on religion". He has a rigorous and down-to-earth style of study, and always adheres to the basis of strict academic support and credible historical documents Out of thought, oppose empty and untrue empty and general comments, and emphasize that theory comes from history, the combination of history and theory, the unity of history and historical knowledge, and the cultural spirit of "people can promote Tao".