In summer vacation, children spend more time at home with their pets, cats and dogs. The gentle looking pets are really cute sometimes. However, they sometimes lose their temper and don't recognize their owners. The news that children are attacked by pets at home often occurs. Therefore, don't take the pet scratch or bite as a small matter. If you encounter such things, you should take emergency measures immediately Treatment measures.
1. Wash the wound
If you are bitten by a dog and bleeding, immediately wash the wound with flowing water, flush the virus away as much as possible, and squeeze the blood out. If possible, it is best to wash with 20% soapy water for 20-30 minutes. The wounds bitten by dogs are usually small on the outside and deep in the inside, so it is required to expand the wounds as much as possible when washing, and squeeze the surrounding soft tissues hard, trying to wash the dog's saliva and blood stained on the wounds.
2. Wound disinfection
Disinfect it with iodine wine, wash it off with alcohol, and repeat for three times. If there is a lot of bleeding in the wound, go to the regular hospital as soon as possible to have the doctor clean and bandage the wound deeper. Do not bandage the wound or tightly wrap the wound. Try to expose the wound.
Go to the local epidemic prevention department to inject rabies vaccine as soon as possible. If you can't go at that time, you should also inject the first rabies vaccine in the hospital within 24 hours, and never delay for a few days. Complete the whole course of rabies vaccine injection within 28 days.
(if the wound is seriously bitten, the anti-virus serum should be injected at the same time of vaccination. The antiviral serum is injected into the wound subcutaneous muscle to neutralize rabies virus. Skin test must be done before injection. )
Tips for elves:
Every year, millions of people are bitten by dogs and hundreds of thousands by cats. Three fifths of those bitten by dogs are children. We should know that the mortality rate of rabies infection is almost 100%, but as long as we do a good job in the first time after the bite and timely immunization, the cure rate is almost 100%, so the key to treatment is timely treatment and active immunization.