When you see someone get an electric shock, if you don't help get rid of the power as soon as possible, your life may be in danger. How do you give first aid?
How to give first aid when being electrocuted
First, the human body should be separated from the charged body. Specific measures include:
1. Turn off the main power supply, open the knife switch or unplug the fuse.
2. If the electric shock is caused by household appliances, unplug the plug.
3. Use electrician pliers with insulated handle to cut off the wire.
4. Pull the electric shock from the charged body with an insulator.
When rescuing on site, when the person who gets an electric shock is disconnected from the power supply, if he is conscious, let him rest quietly; In case of severe burns, send to hospital for treatment. If the person who gets an electric shock is unconscious but still has a heartbeat and breathing, the person who gets an electric shock should lie on his back and untie his clothes to facilitate breathing; The surrounding air should be circulated, closely observed, and quickly invited a doctor to come for diagnosis and treatment or sent to the hospital for examination and treatment. If the person who gets an electric shock stops breathing and the heart stops beating temporarily, but has not really died, it is necessary to quickly give him artificial respiration and external chest compression. The specific operation methods and steps are as follows:
Lay the person who gets an electric shock on his back on a wooden board or hard ground, untie the collar and trouser belt, make his head lean back as far as possible and his nostrils face up, so that the root of his tongue will not block the airway. Then open his mouth with his hand, take out the dentures, vomit and mucus in his mouth, and unblock the airway. Then, hold up his jaw with one hand, pinch his nose with the other hand, and give artificial respiration for about 2s to expand the rescued's chest; Then relax the mouth and nose, make the chest retract naturally, and exhale for about 3S. This is repeated, blowing about 12 times per minute. If the mouth of the person who gets an electric shock cannot be opened, mouth to nose artificial respiration shall be used instead. At this time, the blowing pressure should be slightly higher and the time should be slightly longer to facilitate the entry of air into the lungs. If the person who gets an electric shock is a child, only blow with a small mouth to avoid damaging his lungs.
How does the baby get an electric shock
First, cut off the power supply immediately. The method of cutting off the power supply refers to turning off the power switch, pulling the switch and unplugging the pin. Then use non-conductive objects, such as dry wooden sticks, bamboo poles, shoulder poles, plastic rods, belts, broom handles, chair backs or ropes, to disconnect the baby from the power supply as soon as possible. First responders must pay attention to the ways and means of rescue to prevent their own electric shock. Then let the baby lie flat, carefully check the body, and don't let the baby get up and walk for the time being, so as to prevent secondary shock or heart failure.
If the baby stops breathing and has a heartbeat, place the baby flat on the spot, loosen the clothes button and do artificial respiration. You can also pinch Renzhong, Shixuan (that is, the tip of ten fingers), Yongquan and other acupoints. If your baby's heart stops and breathing exists, you should immediately do extrathoracic cardiac compression.
If the baby's breathing and heartbeat stop, perform extrathoracic cardiac compression while artificial respiration. Perform artificial respiration and extrathoracic cardiac compression in the ratio of 1:5, that is, perform artificial respiration once and cardiac compression five times. Rescue must be carried out to the end. In the process of first aid, children should not be moved. If they really need to be moved, in addition to lying on a flat stretcher, they should continue to rescue. The interruption time should not exceed 30 seconds until they arrive at the hospital. On the way to the hospital, we should also pay close attention to the changes of the baby's condition.