What are hormones? Always only smell its name. Here's the role of hormones to understand these and make your body no longer sick.
In fact, hormones are not as mysterious as expected. Hormone comes from Greek, which originally means' rise and move ', and we often say that human hormone is actually hormone. Female hormone is the general name of estrogen and lutein. These two hormones are of great significance for maintaining the operation of women's body. Estrogen can change the distribution of body fat, promote subcutaneous fat deposition, increase skin thickness and reduce wrinkles. Lutein, that is, progesterone, can enhance basic metabolism, inhibit the excessive production of estrogen, decompose the fat deposited by estrogen, promote the development of breast acini, increase breast size and slightly increase body temperature. At the same time, it can maintain the health of bones and muscles, promote blood supply and operation, affect fat metabolism, regulate the proportion of cholesterol, etc.
Female hormone can affect women's normal growth, development and emotional performance. It is also an important factor to maintain the balance of women's organs and systems. Once the female hormone imbalance, the body will appear a variety of diseases.
The reason why women have menstruation every month is that the hypothalamus releases hormones, which stimulate the pituitary gland to secrete follicle stimulating hormone and luteal auxin. Then these two hormones act on the ovary to promote follicle maturation and ovulation. Mature follicles produce estrogen, while follicles that release eggs turn into corpus luteum and secrete lutein. Estrogen and lutein act on endometrium to form menstrual cycle.
It can be seen that if women have hormone imbalance, it will also cause irregular menstruation.
For women, menopause refers to a transitional period in which ovarian function gradually declines from vigorous state to complete disappearance, including menopause and a period of time before and after menopause. During this period, female ovarian function degenerated and estrogen gradually decreased, resulting in a series of symptoms dominated by autonomic nerve dysfunction and metabolic disorder.
Female climacteric syndrome is often characterized by irregular menstruation, including less menstrual volume, prolonged cycle, shortened menstrual period or increased menstrual volume, accompanied by a large number of blood clots, until menopause. In addition, due to mental and autonomic dysfunction, menopausal women are also prone to hot flashes, sweating, irritability, insomnia, forgetfulness and other symptoms. At the same time, they may also be accompanied by palpitations, increased blood pressure, obesity, lower limb edema, joint pain, osteoporosis and so on.
How to regulate your hormones
1. Pay attention to science and proper exercise.
Exercise can promote better secretion of female hormones, but excessive exercise will change the proportion of body fat and muscle tissue and affect hormone secretion, resulting in irregular menstruation and even amenorrhea.
2. A balanced diet.
Eat more fruits, vegetables, oats and black rice, as well as legumes, nuts and seeds containing phytoestrogens; Avoid eating food containing chemicals such as additives and preservatives; Eat less caffeine, drink less alcohol and eat less sugar.
3. Keep in a good mood.
Learn to adjust your emotions, relieve pressure and relax in time. Only by keeping the brain in normal mental activities can you better maintain normal hormone secretion.
In addition, female hormone imbalance may lead to various gynecological diseases, such as vaginitis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometritis, tubal inflammation, uterine fibroids, infertility and other gynecological diseases, and even face cardiovascular diseases, urinary infection, diabetes, Lactobacillus and other diseases.
It is reported that the age of 30 is a turning point for women's youth and aging. 21-22 years old is the peak period of female hormone secretion, which then decreases at a rate of 15% every 10 years and decreases year by year. Around the age of 30, the secretion of hormones in women is only 85% of the peak period; At the age of 50, about 40% of the function is lost: at the age of 60, it is only about 1 / 4 of that of young people.