As China's aging population has increased year by year, the state can only adjust policies to delay retirement time. Delaying the adjustment of retirement time is also the first step of pension adjustment, and then there will be a series of relevant policy changes. Delaying the retirement age is also a double-edged sword, with both advantages and disadvantages, and there are constant disputes. Next, let's know how long the retirement age is delayed?
The pace of the retirement age policy for civil servants is becoming clearer and clearer. The Central Committee of the Third Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee has finalized that from 2015, female employees and residents born in 1965 should delay receiving pensions for one year, those born in 1966 should delay receiving pensions for two years, and so on. By 2030, women will receive pensions at the age of 65. 2. From 2020, male employees and residents born in 1960 will delay receiving pensions for six months, and so on. By 2030, male employees and residents will receive pensions at the age of 65.
During deliberation, the committee members said that in the pension reform plan, the state unifies the basic old-age insurance, and the remaining supplementary part depends on the annuity paid by everyone. If you pay more, you will get more, and if you pay less, you will get less. After the implementation of the reform, the relevant departments should calculate how much the gap between the pensions of retirees in organs, institutions and enterprises will be narrowed.
"Because the gap between enterprises is also very large. Some enterprises operate very well and some enterprises are very poor, so the annuities paid by different enterprises for employees can not be the same. Is there a ceiling and a floor for the supplement? Can this control the retirement income gap? ', It is hoped that the state will introduce new policies to alleviate social contradictions and not produce new social contradictions or even expand social contradictions.
With regard to pension reform, representative Huang said that decision-making departments must implement policies as soon as possible. As a policy maker, the Ministry of human resources and social security should not only consider issues from its own perspective or from the perspective of a few departments, but should take more account of the interests of the people and vulnerable groups.
Delayed retirement suggests a flexible retirement system
We will study and formulate a policy of gradually delaying the retirement age and improve the dependency ratio of basic old-age insurance for employees.
During the deliberation, the committee members said that at present, the problem of enterprise employees' retirement wages is relatively prominent, and once the retirement wages are not paid, it will have a great impact. He said that this problem should be solved within the system, and the retirement of enterprise employees should be postponed as soon as possible. 'now workers retire at the age of 55 for men and 50 for women. For enterprise cadres, men retire at the age of 60 and women retire at the age of 55. In terms of physical condition and average life expectancy, people in their 60s and 70s look like people in their 50s. They are still in good health. "
It is suggested that the retirement age of enterprise employees should be raised to 65 for men and 60 for women. " In this way, five more years (endowment insurance) and five less years (pension) will not have much impact in terms of physical condition. This method is also the solution to the problems of many countries in the world. "
Member Lu said that the proposal to postpone retirement gradually should be a measure that must be taken and must be taken. Delaying the retirement age may increase the pressure on new employment. We should reasonably arrange the balance between the two.
Huang, deputy to the National People's Congress, suggested the implementation of a flexible retirement system, which "stipulates a legal earliest retirement age, a normal retirement age and a latest retirement age, and allows them to choose. If they choose to delay retirement, their pensions can be increased. If we only stipulate delayed retirement, I believe 100% of the people will oppose it. "