Recently, the Ministry of Education issued the "opinions on strengthening aesthetic education in Colleges and universities in the new era", requiring ordinary colleges and universities to strengthen universal art education for all students. Therefore, colleges and universities will add a 'required course'. During their study in school, each student must take at least one of the limited elective courses of art, pass the examination and obtain 2 credits before they can graduate smoothly. The small edition of this article brings you the specific contents of the opinions of the Ministry of education on Aesthetic Education in Colleges and universities. Let's have a look. On April 11, the Ministry of Education issued the opinions on strengthening the aesthetic education of colleges and universities in the new era. The Ministry of education required that ordinary colleges and universities should strengthen the universal art education for all students.
According to the official website of the Ministry of education, in order to comprehensively strengthen and improve the aesthetic education of colleges and universities in the new era and effectively improve students' aesthetic and humanistic quality, the Ministry of Education recently issued the opinions on effectively strengthening the aesthetic education of colleges and universities in the new era.
The opinions require that colleges and universities should incorporate public art courses and art practice into their teaching plans. Each student must complete the public art course credits specified by the school before graduation. Subordinate colleges and universities must submit detailed rules for the implementation of aesthetic education on September 1 this year.
Each student needs to take at least 2 credits
'each student must complete the public art course credits specified by the school before graduation'. What are the specific requirements for credits here?
When answering a reporter's question, the person in charge of the Department of sports, health and art education of the Ministry of Education said that setting up public art courses and organizing and implementing teaching is one of the important promotion mechanisms for popularizing art education in Colleges and universities. As early as 2006, it was clearly put forward in the national public art curriculum guidance plan for ordinary colleges and universities issued by the general office of the Ministry of education
Each student shall take at least one of the limited elective courses of art and pass the examination during his study in school.
For colleges and universities that implement the credit system, each student must obtain at least 2 credits through the study of art Limited elective courses;
Students who have completed the required credits can graduate.
This is the bottom line requirement for the credits of public art courses in Colleges and universities.
Combined with the development situation, the opinions on Aesthetic Education in Colleges and universities once again emphasizes the credit of public art courses. All schools should better promote the differentiation construction of public art courses in Colleges and universities according to the actual situation and on the premise of ensuring the bottom line requirements. Qualified colleges and universities can put forward higher credit goals on this basis.
The Opinions also mentioned that in the next step, the Ministry of education should revise the national public art curriculum guidance plan for ordinary colleges and universities to strengthen the standardization, institutionalization and scientization of public art curriculum construction in Colleges and universities in the new era.
Normal students of these majors will usher in good opportunities
According to the opinions, art teacher education is also the focus of aesthetic education in Colleges and universities.
According to the opinions, colleges and universities are supported to set up and run music education, art education, dance education, drama education, drama education and film and television education. We will build a number of pilot schools for the reform of normal universities, guide the art normal major to continuously optimize the curriculum system and teaching contents, improve teaching methods, and cultivate high-quality professional and innovative aesthetic education teachers for basic education.
At the same time, we should reasonably arrange universal art education teachers according to the total number of students, encourage colleges and universities to explore and implement the system of distinguished professors of public art courses, and encourage colleges and universities to establish long-term mechanisms such as mutual employment and two-way communication with art teachers in primary and secondary schools. We should build a number of famous artists' studios in Colleges and universities and train a number of famous artists and teachers in aesthetic education.
In addition, the opinions made it clear that we should further improve the support for the construction of art education venues in Colleges and universities, and deploy more cultural construction projects in Colleges and universities. We will develop plans for the construction of venues and equipment for aesthetic education in Colleges and universities, strengthen the construction of art venues such as theatres, concert halls, museums and art galleries in Colleges and universities, and establish a supplementary mechanism for aesthetic education equipment in Colleges and universities.
According to a survey, 50% of colleges and universities do not set up art elective courses
What is the current situation of public art courses in Universities in China? What is the attitude of college students towards public art classes?
An interview survey of teachers engaged in public art education and management in 13 key universities in Beijing in 2018 shows that although the Ministry of education stipulated that each college student must take one art course in 2006, 46.15% of the 13 key universities have not set up limited art elective courses, and 19.22% of the students have never taken public art courses.
The survey also found that 46.15% of colleges and universities did not set up special public art classrooms and other teaching places.
What about college students' attitude towards course selection?
The survey also conducted a questionnaire survey on non art majors in 34 colleges and universities in Beijing. The results showed that 47.51% of college students chose art education courses because of their interest in order to improve their artistic cultivation; 37.01% of the students are to enrich their after-school life and relax their body and mind; 13.52% of students only want to obtain credits.
College Students' interest in public art courses is still high. However, the survey shows that college students' favorite way of art education is school party and special concert, accounting for 41.35%. The participation of various parties organized by the school is also the highest, accounting for 59.0%.
From a worldwide perspective, many universities put improving students' artistic literacy in a very important position. All MIT undergraduates must complete 8 courses in the school of humanities, arts and Social Sciences and get 32 credits to graduate.
Art class delays professional learning? Netizens have different views
According to this news, many people said that the school had already started public art classes!
Many people support it. This is really what everyone should learn & hellip& hellip;
Others say that college students' professional courses are tired enough, and public art courses at the university stage take too much time;
It is also suggested that art education should start from primary school, junior middle school and senior high school.