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Custom and taboo of Guyu solar term: banning and killing five poisons and hoping for a good harvest

With the advance of time, more than half of spring has passed, and Gu Yu solar term will be ushered in in a few days. Gu Yu solar term is the last solar term in spring. After Gu Yu, summer will come soon. The arrival of the grain rain solar term will bring more rain, which is very beneficial to the growth of crops. Therefore, the grain rain solar term was a day that ancient farmers attached great importance to. So what are the customs and taboos of Guyu solar term? This article introduces the custom of Gu Yu solar term banning and killing five poisons and hoping for a good harvest. Let's have a look.

the sun reaches the Yellow meridian 30 DEG on April 20 or 21 every year; When it rains, it rains. As the last solar term in spring, the temperature rises after the grain rain and enters the peak breeding period of disease insects. Therefore, there is a folk custom of banning the killing of five poisons during the grain rain season. The 'five poisons' in folklore are five kinds of animals, which refer to scorpions, snakes, geckos, centipedes and toads. These five poisons are some pests widely spread among the Han people. The Han folk custom believes that the five poisons begin to grow at noon on the Dragon Boat Festival in May of the lunar calendar every year. Before noon on this day, sprinkle lime, spray realgar wine and burn medicinal smoke in corners and dark places to eliminate five poisons and expel foul gas.

The custom of banning and killing five poisons is popular on Guyu Festival. After Gu Yu, the temperature rises, and diseases and pests enter a high breeding period. In order to reduce the damage of pests to crops and people, farmers put up Gu Yu stickers while entering the field to kill insects and pray to drive away evil and good luck. This custom is very popular in Shandong, Shanxi and Shaanxi.

Generally, five poisons are pasted in the house, five poisons are painted on red paper, and then five needles are put on the five poisons, that is, the poisons are stabbed to death and can no longer run wild. This is a relic of exorcism. The Han people embroidered five poisons on their clothes and decorated their cakes with five poisons, which all meant to expel them. In some places, people cut the five poisons into images (i.e. paper cutting) with colored paper, or paste them on doors, windows, walls and Kang, or tie them to children's arms to avoid all poisons.

'Gu Yu paste' is mostly made of yellow watch paper, which is similar to New Year pictures. It is engraved with the image of divine chicken catching scorpion, Heavenly Master removing five poisons or Taoist talisman. Some are also attached with text descriptions such as' Gu Yu in March, snakes and scorpions will never live ',' Gu Yu in March, Lao Jun goes to the sky, hands seven star sword, and cuts scorpion essence alone 'to' deter the five poisons'. People's psychology of checking and killing pests, hoping for a good harvest and peace.