What to eat in Jinan Xiaonian summary of Jinan Xiaonian customs
4hw.com.cn: the small year 2019 is coming. The small year has a history of thousands of years. Most of the small years in the north are December 23, while most of the small years in the south are December 24. What do you eat in Jinan for the small year? What are the customs of the Spring Festival in Jinan? Let's have a look.
Eat kitchen candy
In the new year, we usually eat kitchen candy. Stove sugar is a kind of maltose with great viscosity. The sugar stick drawn into a long strip is called 'Kanto sugar', and the flat round shape is called 'sugar melon'. Put it outside in winter. Because of the cold weather, the sugar melon solidifies solid, and there are some tiny bubbles inside. It tastes crisp, sweet and delicious.
Steaming steamed bread is an essential traditional custom for the Spring Festival. Two or three days after the lunar new year, the family begins to be busy steaming steamed bread. Steaming steamed bread is a huge project. You have to send a large basin or a large vat of noodles. The steamed steamed steamed bread should be eaten until the 15th day of the first month of the next year.
Steamed bread also has a good moral. The 'hair' of 'noodle' means to get rich and rich. The 'steam' of 'steamed bread' symbolizes prosperity.
Since the 23rd lunar new year, everyone has been busy for a tight year. On the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month, there is a farewell ceremony. It is said that the kitchen god, as the head of the family, has been at home since the new year's eve of the previous year to protect and monitor the family. On the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month, the kitchen god will go to heaven to report the achievements of the family to the Jade Emperor in heaven.
On the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month, every family makes dumplings. When leaving the stove, they usually bring the cooked dumplings to the stove to worship the kitchen god, and then they can have dinner. Some people also like to put some snacks and candy on the stove to send the kitchen king to heaven and pray that after the kitchen King enjoys delicious food, 'heaven says good things, and the lower world is auspicious'.
Beat crispy pot
Ms. Liu, 70, who lives in Jinan high tech Zone, said, "every year after the 23rd lunar month, the family begins to prepare food, such as fat steamed meat, jiangmi duck, pickled vegetables with peanuts, crisp pot, and steamed dry food. It was only in Jinan that we made crispy pot earlier, but not in other places. In the past, we used to make crispy pots every year. We filled them with bones, meat, fish and kelp, padded them with cabbage and lotus root, and added some seasonings. We put them on the honeycomb briquette stove and stewed them over a low fire all night. Everything inside was crispy. At that time, we thought it was really delicious. "
Jinan Xiaonian custom
Sacrifices to the kitchen god are held in the evening. Except for the women's family members, the whole family gathered in the kitchen to worship, incense and kowtow to the woodcut watercolor overprinted Kitchen God portrait. The etiquette is quite exquisite. At that time, the old kitchen god portrait pasted on the wall for a year will be taken off and burned, indicating that the kitchen god has gone to heaven; Just like the couplet of the kitchen god's portrait, to perform his sacred task: 'heaven says good things, return to the palace and bring good luck'. The parents who presided over the kneeling ceremony will also pray. Then, when burning the portrait of the kitchen god, add some cereals and cereals to the fire, which means to feed the steed on which the kitchen Lord rode.
There is a taboo among Jinan people that lilac trees and Begonia trees cannot be planted in the same place. This is also related to the kitchen god. It is said that the kitchen god married a woman named Guo Dingxiang and Li Haitang. In this triangular relationship between enemies, the two kitchen Wang grannies have different temperaments and can't stand fire and water. But the grandmother in the double portrait of Kitchen God should be the original Guo Dingxiang or the subsequent Li Haitang? No one can tell. Individual versions of the kitchen god's image are reconciled and compromised, including Guo Dingxiang and Li Haitang.
Cut window flowers
There are a variety of folk activities in Xiaonian, and cutting and pasting window flowers is one of them. There are various animals, plants and characters in the window pattern, which represents people's good wishes for good luck. Such as magpie climbing plum, swallow wearing peach willow, lion rolling Hydrangea, Sanyang Kaitai, two dragons playing with pearls, five bats holding longevity, rhinoceros looking at the moon & hellip& hellip;
Write Spring Festival couplets
The Han people pay attention to sticking every God, every door and everything. After the Spring Festival, every family should write Spring Festival couplets. The couplets on the gate are the facade of a family. They pay special attention to lyricism, scenery painting, rich content and witty words.
There is a folk saying that people shave their heads for the new year if they have money or not. The activities of bathing and hairdressing are mostly carried out around the Spring Festival.
Folk believe that the gods went to heaven after a young year, and there are no taboos. Therefore, there is no need to choose a day to marry a daughter-in-law or hire a daughter, which is called "rush out of disorderly marriage". The ballads have 'old Yan is busy with marriage in the countryside, and Yichun Posts amuse the spring. The sisters in front of the lamp said in private that "Shou Sui is the bridal chamber this year".
In the new year, the Spring Festival entered the countdown, and people began to prepare for the new year's Eve vigil. We usually say 'worship early years' also starts from a young year.