What are the ancient poems about Laba Festival
4hw.com.cn: the Laba Festival in 2019 has come. Laba is a traditional festival in China. There is a folk saying: after Laba, it is the year. In ancient times, many scholars and poets left calligraphy treasures about Laba Festival. Let's enjoy it together.
Nangezi & middot; Huangzhou Laba day drinking Huaimin Pavilion
[Song Dynasty] Su Shi
After Lord Wei Huo, Wei Ping was a foreign sage.
Blowing Sheng is only in Goushan.
Leisurely driving cailuan back, taking advantage of the new year.
Warm the incense burning Pavilion and bathe the Buddha in the cold.
He was drunk in front of the painting hall.
Don't forget that old friends are haggard and near the old river.
Yin Niang said: in Laba this year, Su Shi was in Huangzhou. He warmed and drank in a small attic. In such cold weather, he was drunk in front of the painting hall. Still thinking in my heart, don't forget an old man haggard and aging by the river. At this time, Su Shi should still be depressed.
"Feeling of Laba family's salary porridge"
[Southern Song Dynasty] Zhao Wannian
Hu dust rises outside Xiangyang City, and there is no death in the arrow stones.
Do not provide porridge and pay for the master, and strive to know that Laba is today.
Yin Niang said: Zhao Wannian was a famous anti Jin general in the Southern Song Dynasty. In the winter of the second year of Kaixi (1206), Jin soldiers crossed the river south and surrounded Xiangyang City with 200000 troops. At that time, the garrison of Xiangyang City was only more than 10000, and the strong enemy pressed the border, and the officials of the publicity and recruitment department fled one after another. Zhao Wannian built weapons, stored grain and led the city sergeant to guard Xiangyang City. From November of the second year of Kaixi (1206) to February of the following year, Xiangyang City was surrounded for more than 90 days. He guarded the city with more than 10000 soldiers and resisted 200000 troops of Jin people. The city was completed and the siege was relieved.
In Laba this year, there was still a fierce battle outside Xiangyang City. In the fierce battle, the poet was lucky to survive. If someone hadn't brought Laba porridge, he wouldn't know today is Laba Festival. After several words, the fierce battle was calmly described, and the poet's optimism and calmness can be seen.
"Cherishing the holy servant on Laba day"
[Ming] Ge Yilong
Huaijun eight Japanese, five see ten years.
Danger, poverty and disease, southwest, North and East.
The two townships are extravagant and healthy, and one porridge likes the same distance.
At the end of the wood, you should look at the snow red.
Yinniang said: the holy servant may be the poet's relatives and friends. On Laba day, he misses the holy servant. I only met five times in ten years, because I was poor and sick, and I ran around, not in one place. Although they are separated from each other, they are lucky that they are still healthy. It is Laba Festival. They are far away, but they are drinking Laba porridge together. When it's dawn, you should wear clothes to see the plum blossoms in the snow. On this festival, although I can't meet my friends, it's a blessing to drink a bowl of Laba porridge and enjoy Mei Xue at the same time.
"La Ba RI Shui Cao nunnery"
[Qing Dynasty] Gu Mengyou
The blood at the edge of Qingshui pond is phosphorus, and the horse outside Zhengyang gate is dusty.
Only the water and moon have no new hatred, and like the old friend from Yunshan.
Fine wax is not as good as today. Leisure is the same as rebirth.
Self injury, white hair wandering in the air, a petal of incense, tears and a towel.
Yin Niang said: on Laba day, the poet should still be far away from his hometown. It was a sunny day. The poet thought that he was still wandering outside, and his tears were wet with his clothes and towels. On this day, no matter who is where, he is always homesick.
[Jin] Pei Xiu
Sun and stars, Da LV sichen. Xuanxiang changed times and the common people updated.
When the year is over, Ba La reports his diligence. When you're done, you'll find plenty of things.
Fengli filial piety worship, Jiezi wanhu. If you report your diligence, agricultural work is your return.
Mu Mu, after me, Wu Lei steamed Li. It's easy to spread your strength and touch your body and burst your muscles.
Drink for Qingsi and come to Suizhou from all directions. It fills the suburbs and gathers all the scales in the capital.
Staggered trade migration, numerous flowers chasing each other. Mixed into a curtain, even Lapel into a curtain.
Flesh is like a hill, and wine is like a spring. Food is like a forest and goods are like a mountain.
Lead the earth to enjoy together and achieve harmony. The auspicious wind is harmonious and brings down the day.
The square corner is clear and quiet, and Jiazuo riting. Enjoy a long life with the people.
Yin Niang said: in the Jin Dynasty, Pei Xiu, a man of happiness in Hedong, raised his pen and wrote a poem "Da La" from Wei Shijin to the end of the lunar new year. The poem describes that when the ancient wax festival was held, he offered sacrifices to the hundred gods, reported the good year of "abundance and abundance" to the hundred gods, and thanked the hundred gods for blessing the success of everything.
[Tang Dynasty] Du Fu
The twelfth lunar day is warm all the year round, and the freezing of the twelfth lunar day has disappeared this year.
Invade the snow and return the Hemerocallis. There are willows in the spring.
Indulge in wine and want to get drunk at night. At the beginning of returning home, I scattered Zichen Dynasty.
Oral fat and flour medicine follow grace, and the green tube and silver poppy go down to jiuxiao.
Yin Niang said: from the poem, it can be seen that the weather in the past year was still cold and warm, which was still far away from people. In that year, the climate was mild and the freezing disappeared. When the poet was happy, he was ready to leave the Dynasty and return home, drink and celebrate the night, but at this moment, he couldn't go away because of the emperor's kindness to him.
[Northern Qi Dynasty] Wei Shou
The cold forced Qingsi, and there was a banquet Jiaping.
What is your heart's way to comfort you.
Yin Niang said: in this poem, people put meat and wine on the table to offer sacrifices to the hundred gods, thank the blessings of the hundred gods, and express their reverence for the gods who have lived in their hearts for a long time.
Walking to the West Village on December 8
[Song Dynasty] Lu You
The wind of the twelfth lunar month and the meaning of spring have passed my neighbor because of scattered policies.
The grass smoke is indifferent in the firewood gate, and there are many cattle tracks on the wild waterfront.
He who is ill needs only medicine. He who does not move is idle.
At present, the Buddha porridge is fed to each other, which makes the festival in Jiangcun new.
Yin Niang said: the poem wrote that although it is the mid winter and the twelfth moon, it has revealed the spring meaning of mild wind and beautiful sun. The firewood gate is deserted, and there are many traces of cattle passing by the wild river. On the twelfth day, people give each other and eat Buddha porridge (Laba porridge), which makes them feel fresh.
In the early summer of Yiyang, the millet is boiled with porridge and beans.
Offer the Buddha at the right time, be sincere, and silently wish the golden light to help the general public.
With a few sweet scents, the fruits and vegetables piled on the plates gathered one after another.
A total of jiapinda Salmonella is tasted. The color of Salmonella is said to be lotus torch.
Childish children are full of qingzhouping and beat wax drums on the streets.
Yin Niang said: in the Qing Dynasty, the court had the custom of giving porridge on Laba day. Emperor Daoguang of the Qing Dynasty once wrote a poem Laba porridge. It can be imagined that Shi San Laba porridge and royal consumption of Laba porridge must be packed and crowded.
[Qing Dynasty] Xia Renhu
Laba family cooked porridge, and the minister sent to Yonghe.
Shengci is also today's Buddha. It is brought into the second pot.
Yin Niang said: the poem describes that when Laba arrives, every household in the people will cook Laba porridge, and the imperial court is the living Buddha in the world. He will also go to the Yonghe palace to cook porridge, worship the Buddha and give it to ministers, kings and imperial concubines.
According to literature records, there were four large pots for porridge in the Yonghe palace in the Qing Dynasty. The maximum diameter of the pot was two meters, the depth was one meter and five meters, and it could hold several hundredths of meters. When cooking porridge, the first pot of porridge is dedicated to the Buddha, the second pot of porridge is given to the Empress Dowager and the family members of the emperor and empress dowager, the third pot of porridge is given to the kings and the young master's house, and the fourth pot of porridge is given to the Lama.
"Two songs of heavy snow on the eighth day of the Tang Dynasty"
[Song Dynasty] Zhang Lei
On Laba day in my life, I borrowed a bowl to receive zhaimi.
The guest will be late in the new year, and the tourist will not cook in the morning.
Hold a cup from breaking the law and sing poetry.
When you sleep in Zen, the clock fish has its own time.
Dongzhou meets wax snow, but recalls jingling plum.
Visitors are far away, and wild geese want to return.
Distant pity eaves outside white, also point to build side moss.
For a long time, no one has taken care of the wine glass.