Cold is the most common disease of office workers. A network survey showed that among the 3962 people surveyed, 90.46% had a cold at least once a year, of which 61.74% had a cold 1 ~ 3 times, 18.73% had a cold 3 ~ 5 times, and only 9.54% had never caught a cold; In terms of treatment, nearly 70% of people choose to 'buy medicine', while as high as 46.31% of people will receive infusion due to a cold. So, what kind of symptoms mean you're going to catch a cold?
Symptoms of office workers' colds
1. When office workers catch a cold a few days later, their fever still doesn't subside, and there is thick sputum coughing up, they should pay attention to the mixed infection of bacteria and be alert to the transformation into bronchitis.
2. If the office worker has fever, severe nausea, vomiting and recurrent attacks, it should be suspected of brain lesions, such as the reaction of meningitis disease.
3. If the office worker has a fever, does not want to eat greasy food, and has symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, it is suspected to be the reaction of infectious hepatitis.
4. After a week of catching a cold, office workers have symptoms such as palpitation, chest tightness, shortness of breath, faint pain in the precordial area, especially irregular heartbeat, rapid heartbeat, more than 100 times a minute, which will cause myocarditis.
5. if the office worker starts to have a fever, gets cold, then has a fever and has a high fever, usually above 39 C, all over his body aches and pains, and no appetite, and the people around him also show the same symptoms, he can be suspected of influenza.
6. If an office worker has a cold and doesn't want to eat, his throat is red and swollen, or even has white pus spots, he should be suspected of tonsillitis.
7. If the office worker has a fever until the next day, small red papules begin to appear on his face and body, which are densely and evenly distributed, the tongue is bright red, and the pale circle around his lips, it may be scarlet fever.
8. On the fifth day of fever, office workers have a red rash, hepatosplenomegaly and unconsciousness, which may be typhus.
9. If office workers do not burn in the morning, have a fever in the afternoon, and have fatigue, dry cough, night sweat, cold sweat and other symptoms at the same time, and lose weight day by day, it may be pulmonary tuberculosis.
The doctor specially reminded that in case of the above situation, patients should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time. They must not buy drugs at will to avoid delaying their condition.
In fact, the way to fight colds is very simple, that is, to improve their immunity. Office workers have poor immunity because of their irregular life, so they often catch colds. We can start with enhancing immunity.
Why do office workers often catch a cold
In spring, more and more people catch a cold accidentally, and many people even catch a cold every three days.
What causes frequent and easy colds? Of course, many people know that easy to catch a cold is caused by low immunity.
Causes of frequent colds
Body deficiency and evil
In the view of traditional Chinese medicine, a person has weak vitality and loose appearance. If he is not careful, he is easy to feel the wind evil and cause a cold.
You should know that 'wind evil attacks people, no matter where you feel, it belongs to the lung. " Especially for people with deficiency of Yang, yin or after illness, re feeling wind evil is easy to cause cold.
Head and back cold
It's easy to catch a cold on the head and back.
Human head skin is denser than other parts of the body, and blood vessels and lymphatic vessels are also very rich.
When the human body exercises a lot or takes a bath or washes its hair, it is easy to sweat on the back of the head.
The body heat evaporates through the head and back. At this time, if you catch a cold, the wind cold is very easy to invade the body and cause a cold.
You should also keep your head and back warm at ordinary times.
Long term physical fatigue will lead to the decline of the body's immunity and ability to resist the virus, so it is easy to catch a cold.
People with high work pressure are advised to pay attention to the combination of work and rest, rest more, strengthen diet and nutrition, ensure the body's immunity and resistance, and avoid frequent colds.
When the body's immunity is low, it's easy to catch a cold if you blow the wind a little or come into contact with the virus that causes a cold, so you should pay more attention to improving the body's immunity at ordinary times.
For example, we can balance nutrition and eat more food that can help improve immunity, maintain mental health, pay attention to the combination of work and rest, and actively carry out physical exercise to enhance immunity.
Rhinovirus is the main cause of human common cold. Rhinovirus can be transmitted through human to human contact and human to object contact. It enters the body through human nasal mucosa or eye conjunctiva, resulting in a cold.
The antigenicity of rhinovirus continues to mutate and new types continue to occur, which is easy to cause repeated infection.
Human coronavirus is also an important virus causing the common cold. It can even occasionally cause pneumonia and epidemic chest pain.
Therefore, colds can not be taken lightly sometimes, especially for colds infected with human coronavirus, we should actively seek medical treatment. In addition to human coronavirus, adenovirus can also cause various inflammation in the body.
Respiratory syncytial virus
Respiratory syncytial virus is common in children under 2 years old. Infection with respiratory syncytial virus is easy to cause serious respiratory diseases, and can also be repeatedly infected.
Adults infected with the virus generally show mild upper respiratory diseases.
The main pathogenic viruses of influenza are influenza virus and parainfluenza virus.
Influenza virus is easy to spread among susceptible people. The transmission route is mainly through droplets. The killing range of infection caused by influenza virus is very large, and the virus continues to mutate and can occur repeatedly.
always melancholy and moody
People who are often sentimental can easily lead to the decline of human immunity, greatly weaken their resistance to viruses and the ability to kill pathogenic microorganisms, and easily damage the defense system of the respiratory tract, resulting in a cold.
Therefore, people who often catch a cold can see if they are often sad and sentimental.
In addition to the above reasons, people with poor indoor air, people who like smoking and people who like to seal their toothbrushes are easy to catch a cold.
The air is not circulating, the air is turbid, the respiratory system of people who like smoking is damaged, and the people who seal the toothbrush are easy to cause gum wound infection, which will lead to the body being entangled by a cold.
Folk prescription for treating colds
Although we can't subdue a cold, we still have ways to prevent and alleviate symptoms. You can try some ways to deal with a cold.
1. Nasal washing
Western medicine believes that when the human body is caught in the cold, rain and other inducing factors, the oscillation frequency of respiratory cilia is reduced, and the time of nasal mucus and its adsorbed viruses, bacteria and fungi staying in the nasal cavity is greatly increased, so that the viruses causing colds can multiply in large numbers and invade the human body, causing colds. Therefore, washing the nasal cavity with saline repeatedly when catching a cold can wash out the virus in the nasal cavity, so as to prevent the virus from proliferating in the nasal cavity and invading the human body continuously. This method can cure colds in 2 to 4 days without side effects.
2. Drink chicken soup
It has been reported in the United States that drinking chicken soup can inhibit the inflammation of throat and respiratory tract, and is very effective in eliminating symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, cough and sore throat caused by a cold. Because chicken contains a variety of amino acids necessary for human body and is rich in nutrition, it can significantly enhance the body's resistance to cold virus. Chicken also contains some special chemicals, which can enhance pharyngeal blood circulation and nasal fluid secretion, which plays a good role in protecting the smooth respiratory tract, removing respiratory virus and accelerating the recovery of cold.
3. Eat more radishes
Practice has proved that the radish element in radish has a unique role in preventing and treating colds. The specific method is to chop up the sweet, crisp and juicy radish, press out half a cup of juice, mash the ginger, extract a small amount of ginger juice, add it to the radish juice, then add sugar or honey, mix well, and then pour it into boiling water as a drink. Take it three times a day for two days, which can clear away heat, detoxify, dispel cold and prevent colds.
4. Sugar ginger tea combined drink
Because colds are mostly caused by exogenous wind and cold, they often have headache, stuffy nose, runny nose, joint pain, and even fear of cold, fever and other symptoms. You can use brown sugar, ginger and black tea to boil soup 1-2 times a day, which not only warms up and goes cold, but also has good cold prevention and treatment function.
5. Eat less salt
Experiments show that eating less sodium salt can increase the content of lysozyme in saliva, protect the mucosal epithelial cells of mouth and throat, and let them secrete more immunoglobulin A and interferon to deal with cold virus. Therefore, the daily salt intake is controlled within 5g, which is very beneficial to the prevention and treatment of colds.
6. Take honey
Honey contains a variety of bioactive substances, which can stimulate the immune function of the human body. Take it twice a day in the morning and evening, which can effectively treat and prevent colds and other viral diseases.
7. Serving yeast
In the experiment, Professor discovered that in the bread making yeast, there is a component which can prevent the cold virus from propagating and proliferating in human cells, it can cure common cold, but it is invalid for influenza.
8. Vinegar nose drops, fumigation
The vinegar was diluted with cold boiling water, and 5%-10% solution was instilled. 4-6 times a day, 2-3 drops were dripped from each side of the nostrils. It has a good effect on the treatment of influenza and influenza. Especially in the early stage of a cold, the curative effect is better. Vinegar can kill the cold virus lurking in the nasopharynx. During a cold epidemic, nasal drip with vinegar has a reliable preventive effect. In addition, vinegar fumigation can also treat colds. That is, 100 grams of vinegar is fumigated on the stove, which not only makes the room smell immediately, but also the vinegar molecules float in the air to kill the indoor cold virus, which can effectively prevent and treat colds.
Tips for treating office workers' colds
Heat absorbing gas
Common cold is often accompanied by sneezing, runny nose and other symptoms. The best folk prescription for treating a cold and reducing symptoms is to keep the nasal cavity clean, and the effect of absorbing heat is very good.
Put a towel soaked in boiling water near your nose and absorb heat. If you drop a few drops of vegetable oil, such as eucalyptus oil, the symptoms will be much lighter.
In addition, you can also take a hot bath or sit in a hot bathroom, which is particularly good for children with colds.
Raise the pillow
Cushion up the pillow to sleep, and the mucus in the nasal cavity will be discharged smoothly.
However, it should be reminded not to be too high to avoid discomfort to the cervical spine.
take more rest
A cold, rest for a day or two is the best way to cure a cold. Because only sleep can repair the human body.
Adequate rest can also restore the immune function of the human body, enhance the ability of the body to overcome diseases, and cure some diseases without treatment. It can be described as a good folk prescription for colds.
Rinse your mouth frequently
The purpose of often gargling this folk prescription for treating colds is to remove bacteria, viruses and other pathogenic microorganisms in the mouth in time and reduce respiratory tract infection.
The method is to add a spoonful of salt to the boiled water (both hot and cold) and rinse it four times a day.
Some nutrients help strengthen immunity, such as vitamin A (eggs, milk), vitamin E (dried fruits, grains) and selenium (dried fruits, seafood and pork).
You can also eat more garlic because garlic has an anti microbial effect.
Drink hot drinks
A study has found that hot fruit juice has surprisingly positive effects on nasal airflow, common cold and flu symptoms.
Drinking some hot drinks with a slightly bitter taste is also particularly beneficial. Many doctors recommend drinking hot water with honey and ginger and fresh lemon juice.
How to nurse office workers with cold and fever
1. Bed rest and psychological nursing
In high fever, the metabolism of the body increases rapidly, the consumption of food is small, and the constitution is weak, so you should stay in bed