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What safety problems should be paid attention to when driving in autumn and winter? Driving skills i

In autumn and winter, there are many weather problems, such as fog, rain, snow and ice. What are the driving skills in autumn and winter? Let's introduce your driving skills in autumn and winter.

1、 Skills of using car lights in autumn and winter

All the lights on the car are powered by the battery, which is converted from gasoline. Invalid use of lamp wastes gasoline, bulb and lamp case. The bulb is a vulnerable part and should be replaced at any time.

1. Night light

There are two types of headlamp: high beam and low beam. Use the low beam on the road with street light in the urban area, and use the high beam on the road without street light or on the expressway. When passing through the intersection or overtaking, alternate the distant and near light to prompt.

2. Night light

Used to show the width and length of the car body at night, prompting other vehicles and pedestrians to see themselves. When you can't see the back clearly from the rearview mirror, you should turn on the small light, including rainy days.

3. Turn signal

It should be opened about 100 meters in front of the turning intersection. Having a good party makes the following vehicles, the opposite vehicles and passers-by not prepared enough and make mistakes. When waiting for the turn at the traffic light crossing, as long as it's not the first, it doesn't need to flash for a long time. When the car can turn and move, it won't be too late. Otherwise, the driver who follows will be upset.

4. Brake light

Brake tail lights are used to tell the car behind to slow down or stop. If there is a fault, it is very easy to cause rear end collision. The power of the double tail bulb of the brake lamp is many times larger than that of the ordinary small bulb, which will produce high temperature. Stepping on the foot brake for a long time will make the brake tail lamp light up for a long time, affect the service life and waste electricity.

5. Fog lamp

It can help drivers to improve visibility in foggy days, notice vehicles coming from opposite sides, avoid each other and meet safely. Therefore, driving in foggy weather must turn on the fog lamp, never replace it with a small lamp. The power of the fog lamp is usually 55W / lamp, similar to the headlamp, but the heat dissipation space is far less than that of the headlamp. Therefore, it must be turned off immediately after parking to prevent overheating and damaging lampshade.

2、 Driving skills on snowy days in autumn and winter

There are two main difficulties in driving in cold winter. One is low temperature and difficult starting. Second, the road is slippery, and the direction and braking are easy to get out of control. The temperature is - 20 & deg; When the EFI car was started and parked in the open air around C, there was no difficulty, but it was close to - 30 & deg; C. It often doesn't work, especially when the battery is low.

1. Clear the frost and snow before getting on the bus

Before getting on the bus, remove the frost and snow on the front and rear windshield, lampshade and rearview mirror, and remove the snow on the sole of the feet. The key point is that the foot brake pedal should not slip with ice and snow. Check antifreeze, engine oil and tires again.

2. Start the car in severe cold weather

Step on the clutch in neutral, do not step on the accelerator, instantaneous ignition does not start, with an interval of more than 10 seconds each time, at least 3 times. The purpose is to start the lubrication system. After the ignition, still step on the clutch in neutral, idle hot car. Release the clutch after 1 minute. If you can't reach it, step on it again. After the ignition, release the clutch and continue to idle for 1-2 minutes.

3、 Fuel saving skills in autumn and winter

1. Control the best speed

Driving, the general EFI car engine revolutions around 2200-2500 is the most appropriate. No matter in which gear, keep the engine speed around 2200-2500. Too low speed car can't move, fuel consumption doesn't walk, also hurt the engine. Excessive speed increases invalid fuel consumption and damages the engine.

2. Keep the best speed

The most fuel-efficient driving state is to drive in a straight line at a constant speed. The most fuel-efficient driving speed is 60-80 km / h for small displacement vehicles and 80-100 km / h for medium displacement vehicles.

3. Control shift speed

When shifting gears, add a little more oil than the normal driving state, so that the speed can reach more than 2500. If you shift below 2000 rpm, you have to lower the speed after shifting. If you feel like you are out of gear, you have to refuel to get it back. On the contrary, you have to consume more fuel.

4. No overtaking

On the road, when you change lanes, when you overtake, when you rush to refuel, when you rush to brake, when you charge for fuel and then for cars, the risk factor increases several times, which is very unworthy and unnecessary. When driving your own car, remember not to overtake and keep medium and uniform speed, so as to save fuel and safety.

5. Don't brake hard

If you need to stop in front of you, you should collect the fuel ahead of time, slide in gear and slow down, instead of rushing to the front and braking hard. The brake actually consumes precious gasoline. The harder you brake, the more you waste.

6. Take a good road, take a road with few cars

If you want to take a short cut and get stuck in traffic, the speed is very low and you can't run, so the fuel consumption is very high. It's better to find a detour with good road surface to save fuel and car.

7. Full tire pressure

Make sure the tire pressure is normal. Too high or too low tire pressure will increase fuel consumption. The tire pressure should be strictly in accordance with the requirements of the vehicle manual. In summer, in order to prevent the high heat on the road, especially when running long distance, the tire gets hot, the gas in the tire expands and the pressure increases a lot. The air pressure can be slightly reduced by 10%.

8. Half tank oil

Reducing body weight means reducing fuel consumption. Don't take a short cut in the city with a full tank of oil. That's fuel consumption. Considering that the gasoline pump is installed in the fuel tank and relies on gasoline to cool down, it's best to keep half a tank of oil if you don't go far away. At the same time, the interior of the car must be streamlined, with less weight and less fuel.

Driving is related to safety. Don't be careless. Mastering certain driving skills can make your driving more proficient and easier.