What's the harm of eating too much sugar to the baby? How much sugar can the baby eat? This weekend, I've done a lot of research. Let's share it with you today. It is suggested that dear Dibao moms and dads lift up their stools and study hard, because this knowledge is related to your baby's health for a lifetime!
What is the harm of eating too much sugar?
What is the harm of eating too much sugar?
1. Increase the risk of dental caries
There is no clear evidence in this WHO guideline that the total intake of free energy is lower than 10%.
2. Increase the risk of obesity and related chronic diseases
According to the WHO guidelines, the latest scientific evidence shows that, firstly, adults with less sugar intake have less weight; secondly, if they have more sugar in their diet, they will gain weight. In addition, studies have shown that compared with children with low intake of sugary drinks, children with the highest intake of sugary drinks tend to be overweight or obese, and the risk of related metabolic chronic diseases is also much higher, such as diabetes, hypertension, liver function damage and so on.
What does sugar have to do with myopia? It really does!
Sugar metabolism in the human body, need a lot of vitamin B1 help, and reduce the body's calcium content. Vitamin B1 can maintain the optic nerve, and its content will affect the state of the optic nerve. Calcium is the "protector" of the eye tissue. Lack of calcium will not only cause the decrease of the elasticity of the retina, the increase of the pressure in the crystalline body, and the elongation of the anterior and posterior diameter of the eyeball, which will affect the tenacity of the eyeball wall and lead to myopia.
Too much sugar will also increase myopia! Because too much sugar, blood sugar increases, correspondingly reduce the osmotic pressure of body fluid, so that the aqueous humor in the eye penetrates into the crystalline body, causing lens deformation, increased diopter, aggravating myopia.
Sugar can only supply heat, but has no other nutritional value. When you eat too much sugar every day, other nutrients are bound to decrease, resulting in a lack of protein, vitamins and minerals in your body, which can easily lead to nutritional imbalance.
Some children don't want to eat when they eat too much sugar. If they accidentally change into dental caries, they will have pain when chewing food, which will also affect their appetite. As time goes on, it will lead to lack of nutrition and affect their growth and development.
5. Unsociable personality
Some children are not only eccentric, but also active, inattentive and poor in academic performance. A survey found that a considerable part of children with similar symptoms is related to excessive intake of sweets.
From a medical point of view, if there is too much sugar in the body, pyruvate, lactic acid and other metabolites will increase significantly. At this time, it needs to consume a lot of vitamin B1 to accelerate the excretion of these metabolites. Vitamin B1 can not be naturally synthesized in the body, it all depends on the intake from food
Children who are partial eaters are hard to eat more foods containing vitamin B1. When vitamin B1 is deficient in the body, pyruvate, a carbohydrate metabolite, will accumulate in the brain and cause abnormal personality of children.
6. Reduce immunity and affect sleep
A recent study found that sweets can reduce the body's immunity. Under normal circumstances, the average phagocytic capacity of a white blood cell in human blood is 14, which will become 10 after eating a dessert, 5 after eating a sweet snack, and 2 after eating a cream chocolate. It can be seen that sweets have a certain impact on immunity.
In addition, eating too much sweets also has a bad effect on sleep. Researchers have 1000 cases of sleep disorders were investigated, found that more than 87% of people like to eat sweets.
How much sugar can baby eat?
According to the authoritative recommendation of who, the intake of free sugar should be controlled below 5% of the total calories, and not more than 10% at most.
An adult's daily recommended intake of total calories is about 2000 kcal, 5% of the total calories is 100 kcal, because 1 g of sugar is equivalent to 4 kcal, 100 kcal is equivalent to 25 g, and 10% of the total calories is equivalent to 50 g of sugar. It is basically consistent with our Chinese dietary guidelines, which are no more than 50 grams per day, and it is better to control below 25 grams.
What about the baby?
Babies under 1 year old:
The heat requirement is about 120kcal / kg / D in 0-6 months and 100kcal / kg / D in 7-12 months. Generally, the baby starts to add complementary food after 6 months. The average weight of the baby is about 8kg after 6 months. 5% of the total calories converted into sugar is 8 * 100 * 0.05/4 = 10g, which means that the daily intake of sugar is not more than 10g.
According to the weight of your baby, you can calculate how many grams of sugar you need to control every day.
Babies over 1 year old:
The daily caloric requirement of children aged 1-2 is 1050-1100kcal, and that of children aged 2-14 is about 100kcal every year.
Converted into sugar is: 1 ~ 2 years old baby daily intake of sugar should not exceed: 13.125g-13.75g (5% of total calories). 5% of 100kca is 5kcal, which is equivalent to 1.25g of sugar. Therefore, the daily intake of sugar for 2-3-year-old babies should not exceed 14.375-15g of sugar. 3-14 years old and so on.
To sum up, remember one sentence: for 6-month-3-year-old baby, daily intake of free sugar is recommended not to exceed 10g-15g, up to 20g-25g!
Did your baby eat too much sugar?
What is the concept of 10g-15 sugar?
---One Alpine hard candy is about 4G;
---One Alpine lollipop is about 10g;
---1 small bag / small bar of Swire brand white granulated sugar with coffee weight of 5g;
---A large sizzler jelly 125g contains about 19g sugar;
---It contains about 1.5g of fermented milk;
---One bottle of Mengniu Youyi C is 340ml, containing 15g sugar per 100ml, and one bottle contains 51g sugar;
---About 15g sugar was added into 100g bread;
---1 ice cream, 100g sugar about 15g;
I still remember that in the program "Dad's back", Wu Zun's daughter wanted to eat candy, but his father only gave one at a time! It was strictly controlled. By contrast, what about your baby? I bet your baby's intake of added sugar has exceeded the standard, right?
For example, don't add sugar when you eat bean curd and porridge, use less sugar when you cook, try not to eat sugary steamed buns and sugary drinks, and strictly control the number of sweets.