Acupuncture and moxibustion is a clinical subject guided by the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, which uses acupuncture and moxibustion to prevent and treat diseases. It is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine. Acupuncture has the advantages of wide indications, obvious curative effect, convenient operation, economic security, etc., and has been welcomed by the majority of people for thousands of years. The difference between acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine is only the difference in treatment means, one for medicine, the other for acupoints.
In addition to the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture also has its own unique meridian theory. Meridians are the channels through which the human body runs Qi and blood, connects the viscera, communicates the internal and external, and runs through the upper and lower meridians. Acupoints, commonly known as acupoints, are used to infuse Qi of meridians and viscera on the body surface. After consulting the patients, doctors should treat the patients according to the principle, method, prescription, acupoint and specific acupuncture and moxibustion methods, so as to achieve the effect of regulating yin and Yang, strengthening the body and eliminating pathogenic factors, and dredging the meridians and collaterals, so as to make the patients recover.
Modern research on the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion shows that it has the following characteristics: 1
（1） Analgesic effect: ① peripheral nerve action; ② central nerve function; ③ spinal cord level; ④ thalamus level; ⑤ cerebral cortex level; ⑥ central neurotransmitter effect.
（2） The effects of acupuncture and moxibustion on the functions of various systems of the body are as follows: (1) acupuncture can regulate the function of cardiovascular system; (2) acupuncture has a bidirectional regulating effect on blood pressure; (3) acupuncture can treat respiratory diseases; (4) acupuncture has obvious regulating effect on digestive system; (5) acupuncture has a regulating effect on kidney and bladder functions; (6) acupuncture can regulate the function of uterus; 4) acupuncture can regulate the function of uterus; (7) Acupuncture and moxibustion can also regulate nerve function; (8) acupuncture regulates blood components.
（3） Defense immune function. Therefore, acupuncture and moxibustion treatment has a specific material basis