Sihai network

Reflections on the new sayings of the world

Ruan Guanglu was in Shan. He had a good car, and all the borrowers gave it to him. Some people bury their mother and dare not borrow it. When empress Ruan heard of it, she sighed, "I have a car, but people dare not borrow it. Why should I borrow a car?" Then he burned it. Ruan Guanglu was a well-known scholar at that time. After he resigned, he lived in seclusion in Shanxian County. He was very generous. He had a good car and gave it to all the borrowers. Some people are embarrassed to borrow a car because it's a matter of burying their mother. After hearing about it, Ruan Guanglu burned the car to reflect on himself. Today, it seems that this move is somewhat artificial, because our cultivation has not reached Ruan Guanglu's level. A sage will never relax his demands on himself. Only by constantly improving his personality can he continue to move forward. A car is a stain on moral character. We should not only burn the car, but also introspect ourselves and get rid of our shortcomings. Shi Shuo Xin Yu is a reflection of the development of character evaluation in the late Han Dynasty. Many of its stories are based on the works of Yu Lin, Guo Zi and biography of famous scholars in the Wei and Jin Dynasties. After reading Shishuoxinyu, we can understand the content and form of anecdote notes in Wei, Jin, southern and Northern Dynasties. It can also be said that it is a collection of romantic stories in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, thus playing the role of "textbook" for celebrities. According to Feng Youlan, romantic is a kind of personality beauty. Of course, this kind of personality beauty is measured by the standards of the scholars at that time. Shi Shuo Xin Yu is an excellent historical material for the study of Wei and Jin Dynasties. Among them, there are vivid descriptions of the activities of the celebrities in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, such as chatting, taste, various personality characteristics, such as Ren's birthday, simplicity and pride, various personality pursuits, and various hobbies. Through these figures, we can further understand the fashion of the upper class of that time. For example, in virtue, Guan Ning and Hua Xin hoed vegetables in the garden together, and saw that there was a piece of gold in the ground. Guan waved the hoe, which was the same as tile stone, but Hua caught and threw it away. Also taste the same seat reading, there are by Xuan crown door, rather read as before, Xin waste book out to see. Rather, he said, "son is not my friend." Compared with Hua Xin, Guan Ning was praised for being indifferent to fame and wealth. Therefore, it can be seen that whether a person has excellent virtue or not is not caused by two days in a day. Virtue is cultivated over time. There are many stories about virtue, such as emotions. People with less virtue often focus on their own emotions. When we are in a good mood, we are OK. When we are in a bad mood, we will suffer. In ancient times, there was a person who would not express his emotions whether he was happy or frustrated. That person is Jikang. Wang Rong said that Jikang and I have been together for 20 years and never met him A happy or angry expression. People usually get a bad thing, or encounter harmful things will dodge, but some people get this thing, or encounter this thing is not dodge. Unfortunately, it won't be affected by that. Among Huang Liang's mounts, there is a content on this page that "Sihai reading network" pushes a fierce horse named Lu for you. Someone advises him to send someone to sell it. Huang Liang replies, "if you sell it, someone will buy it, but it will harm others. Where can you transfer the harmful things to others? Once upon a time, sun shuao killed two snakes just because he didn't want to be seen by later generations. Since then, he has become a good story that the ancients are happy to spread. Isn't it reasonable for me to follow his example? " Shi Shuo Xin Yu has a high artistic achievement in art. Mr. Lu Xun once summarized its artistic characteristics as "to record words is profound and meaningful, to record deeds is simple and magnificent". There are more than 1500 characters involved in Shishuoxinyu, including the main characters of Wei and Jin Dynasties. It focuses on the description of the characters, some of which focus on the appearance, some on the talent and learning. Through the unique speech and behavior, it writes out the unique character, making it vivid and vivid. Such as "Wang Rong has a good Li, sell fear people get its kind, constant drilling its core.". In only 16 words, Wang Rong's greedy and stingy nature is written. On the other hand, Shishuoxinyu also reflected the social reality at that time. In Wei and Jin Dynasties, people paid more attention to appearance and diction than in the late Han Dynasty. Therefore, a high-ranking bureaucrat often judged a person's merits and demerits based on a few words and a certain detail, or quoted the person as an official. For example, it was recorded in "elegant tolerance" that Wang Xun was Huan Wen's main book, and Huan Wen wanted to promote him. On one occasion, he suddenly rode on horseback to rush to him, saying, "all the left and right servants were down, but the king didn't move, so his name and price were very heavy. Xianyun was a public auxiliary tool.". This method of testing people is strange, and the conclusion that it is a "public auxiliary tool" is especially absurd. Wang Yan also asked Ruan Xiu in the "Literature" chapter: "is Lao Zhuang different from the holy religion?" Ruan replied, "there will be no difference." Wang Yan appreciated the three words "will not be the same", that is, ask Ruan Xiu for rafters. This is the story of the famous "trilingual rafter". These two examples are sufficient to prove that the atmosphere of speech was flourishing at that time. On the basis of nihility and world weariness, the literati and bureaucrats in Wei and Jin Dynasties were all passive, decadent, or eccentric and dissolute. They always showed the impermanence of life and death, sighed the sadness of the old man, drank wine and took medicine for health, which also became a fashion. Shi Shuo Xin Yu wrote down these contents from many aspects. "Ren birthday" chapter says that Zhang Han: "it's better to have a glass of wine in time for me to have a name behind me"; and "speech" chapter records Huan Wen's tears when he saw the old willow growing up and lamented that "the wood is still like this, how can people be embarrassed", which is enough to reflect the declining and gray outlook on life of the literati at that time. In addition, Shi Shuo Xin Yu also narrates some people's good qualities, such as Xun's cherishing justice and neglecting life, rescuing friends, eliminating harm for the people, and being brave to repent. It's all meaningful stories. It also describes the ferocity, ugliness and luxury of the ruling class in the Wei and Jin Dynasties. These contents can be a reference for the study of history.