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Guide words of the Forbidden City

Hello, my name is Wu Wenqian. Please call me director Wu! Now we are going to visit the unique forbidden city in Beijing.

You see, we have come to the magnificent Forbidden City, also known as the Forbidden City, which is the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties; The Forbidden City is the largest and most complete ancient wooden structure building complex in the world and the largest ancient building complex in our country. It was built in Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1406 A.D.) and was completed in 14 years. 24 emperors ascended the throne here. " Well, we're going to the main hall now. Please keep up with the tourists. Don't fall behind, or we'll be lost! " OK, now follow me into the main hall. There are three main halls in the Forbidden City: Taihe hall, Zhonghe hall and Baohe hall. The main hall is built on an 8-meter-high platform made of white marble. It looks like the fairy que of Qiong palace in the distance. Taihe hall is the most magnificent building, commonly known as' Jinluan Hall ', which is the place where the emperor held the grand ceremony. The hall is 28 meters high, 63 meters from east to west and 35 meters from northwest. There are 92 large columns with a diameter of 1 meter, including 6 pan Longzhu with powder and gold paint around the throne. The throne is located on the platform 2 meters high in the hall. In front of it are beautiful cranes, furnaces and tripods, and behind it are exquisitely carved screens. The whole hall is decorated resplendently, solemn and gorgeous. Zhonghe hall is the place where the emperor takes a break and exercises etiquette before the grand ceremony in Taihe hall. Baohe hall is the place where the emperor gives Prince pan a banquet every new year's Eve. Tourists and friends, take a break and watch the three main halls. You can touch them. Later, let's go to the inner extension. With Qianqing palace, Jiaotai palace and Kunning palace as the center, there are six Eastern and six Western palaces on the East and West wings. It is the place where the Emperor works and his concubine lives. " OK, that's the end of today's activity! Have fun. "

The tour guide of the fourth Forbidden City of Xiangfang primary school said, "Hello, ladies and gentlemen! My name is Guan Yuxiao. I'm a tour guide from hongxingshan travel agency. First of all, I wish you a pleasant journey! OK, now look at the vermilion gate behind me, which is the main gate of the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City is located in the urban center of Beijing. It is the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is also the largest, most magnificent and best preserved ancient royal palace in the world. Well, now we have arrived at the parking lot. Let's introduce it here first. Please get off! "

Please look! This is the main gate of the Forbidden City. It was built in 1420. Is its name used for beheading? In fact, it has another function, that is, before the soldiers go out, the officers, that is, the current "leaders" here, such as boosting morale and giving orders... Good! Welcome to wechat: www 4hw for more knowledge. Let's go inside the Forbidden City.

Dear friends, in front of us are the three famous halls at home and abroad: Taihe hall, Zhonghe hall and Baohe hall. Let's take a look at the Taihe hall. It is 33 meters high, 64 meters long from east to west, 33 meters wide from south to north, and covers an area of 2377 square meters. Taihe hall is the place where the emperor held a grand ceremony in the early Dynasty. Its scale is the largest in the Forbidden City. The volume of kissing animals on the back is also the largest in China. In a word, it shows its "first" thought everywhere. After watching Taihe hall, let's go to Zhonghe hall. The Zhonghe hall was the place where the emperor waited for the auspicious hour and had a rest before the ceremony. Now let's invite friends to visit the Baohe hall, the state banquet hall at that time. Ten minutes later, I will show you the last scenic spot: Jiaotai hall.

Have you had enough rest? Now let's go to the Jiaotai hall. There are the Royal pens of Emperor Kangxi in the hall. There are only two authentic works of Emperor Kangxi in Beijing, and the other one is in the big corrupt official and? My home is Prince Gong's house. Look, the building with sharp corners in front of us is Jiaotai hall. Let's go in and have a look. Do you see the word "Inaction" on the flat forehead on the back wall? That is Kangxi's Royal pen. "Inaction" does not mean inaction, but hopes that future generations can rule the country by virtue and benevolence, so as to achieve long-term stability of the country. composition

"Well, dear tourists, this trip to the Forbidden City in Beijing has come to a successful end. I hope you can come to me in a few years. I will explain it again. Goodbye, friends. " I said goodbye to the tourists with a smile.

Four year (1) class composition

Guan Yuxiao

Hello, everyone. Welcome to the Forbidden City. My name is Chen. Just call me director Chen. Let me first give you an overview of the Forbidden City, and then introduce Taihe hall, Zhonghe hall, Baohe hall, Qianqing palace and he. The Forbidden City, also known as the Forbidden City, is an important historical and protected cultural relic in China. It was listed as a "world cultural heritage" by UNESCO in 1987. There are two theories about the origin of the Forbidden City. The first is according to the ancient Chinese astrological Theory: the Polaris is in the middle of the sky, the Forbidden City is right opposite the Polaris, and heaven and man correspond; The second is: because the Forbidden City is purple and Forbidden City, the Forbidden City is also called the Forbidden City. Zhu Di, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, began to build the palace, which was completed in the 18th year of Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1420). In the following 500 years, 24 emperors lived here. The Forbidden City is surrounded by a 10m high wall and a 52m wide moat. The South and north of the city are 961m long and 753m wide from east to west, covering an area of 720000 square meters?. The architectural layout of the Forbidden City extends to both sides along the central axis, with a total building area of 163000?. The hall of Supreme Harmony is the place where the emperor convened ministers to go to the court and discuss state affairs. Since its completion in 1420, it has been burned and rebuilt many times. What we see today is the reconstruction in the 34th year of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty (1695). The building area of Taihe hall is 2377 square meters?, It is equivalent to 50 classrooms, 35.05m high and 10 floors high. It is the largest temple in the Forbidden City. Taihe hall is decorated with luxury. The hall is paved with gold bricks and has a throne. It is said to be gold brick, but gold brick is not made of gold. Gold brick is a high-quality floor tile specially used for palaces. It is produced in Suzhou, Songjiang and other places. It has excellent materials and complex manufacturing technology. Because its texture is firm and fine, it makes a metallic sound when knocked, so it is called BRICs. There is a wide platform in front of the hall of Supreme Harmony, which is called Danbi, commonly known as platform. The platform is equipped with a sundial and Jialiang, a pair of copper turtles and cranes, and 18 Copper tripods. Look at both sides of the hall of supreme harmony. Are there many large water tanks? What does it do? By the way, it extinguishes the fire. There is a groove under the large water tank because the water will freeze in winter. Setting a torch in the groove can prevent the water from freezing. Taihe palace is the most important palace in the Forbidden City. Many historical decisions are made from here. Behind the hall of Supreme Harmony is the hall of harmony, where the emperor went forward to rest. Baohe hall is located behind Zhonghe hall, which is the place of palace examination. The first name of the exam is the champion, the second name is pound eye, and the third name is Tanghua. I wonder if the examinee will tremble nervously when the emperor sits on it. The emperor arranged the palace examination in the palace. It can be seen that the emperor paid more attention to the palace examination. The second half of the Forbidden City is where the emperor and his concubines live and live. Qianqing palace is the largest palace in the harem and the emperor's bedroom. There is a plaque of "justice and light" hanging above the throne in the palace. It is said that the emperor put his crown prince's name behind the plaque of "justice and light" and used this method to determine the heir to the throne, so as to reduce the self killing for the throne. Kunning palace is the Queen's bedroom. It is the only imperial concubine's bedroom on the central axis. It is also the closest to Qianqing palace, which reflects the supreme position of the queen in the harem. The sentence "behind a successful man, there is always a successful woman" is confirmed here. There is a small palace Jiaotai hall in front of the Kunning palace. It is the place where the queen receives gifts during the Qianqiu Festival. We only visited the important palaces on the central axis. Behind the central axis is the imperial garden, and there are some palaces on both sides. The first half is centered on the Taihe hall, and the second half is the dormitories of some concubines and palace maids. Now the explanation is over. Please visit freely. The Forbidden City consists of the outer court and the inner court. In the foreign Dynasty, the three main halls of Taihe Hall (Jinluan Hall), Zhonghe hall and Baohe hall were the center, and Wenhua hall and Wuying hall were the two wings from east to west. It was the place where the emperor handled political affairs and held major celebrations. The inner court is centered on the Qianqing Palace (the emperor's bedroom), the Jiaotai palace and the Kunning Palace (the emperor's new wedding house). There are six Eastern Palaces and six Western palaces (the emperor's Ji Palace) on the East and West wings, supplemented by the Yangxin palace, Fengxian palace, Zhai palace, Yuqing palace, ningshou palace, cining palace and the imperial garden. It is the emperor's daily responsibility to deal with government affairs and the residence of the emperor, empress, empress dowager, Ji concubines, Prince and princess, worship Buddha A place for reading and playing. The overall layout is axisymmetric. The front three halls and the back three palaces are located on the central axis of the city. They are magnificent, luxurious and spectacular. They are the largest and most complete ancient buildings in China. They are also unique, brilliant and magnificent buildings with Chinese classical style and Oriental style and the largest Imperial Palace in the world. In 1911, the revolution of 1911 overthrew the rule of the Manchu and Qing Dynasties and ended the feudal dynasty of more than 2000 years, but the abolished emperor Boyi still lived in the second half of the Forbidden City. In 1912, the foreign Dynasty was turned into an "antique exhibition house". On November 5, 1924, Feng Yuxiang and Lu Zhonglin expelled Boyi from the palace. The Palace Museum was established on October 10, 1925.

Its specialties are: boiled meat, duck feet, brush mutton, roast duck, enema, bean juice

Keqiao primary school

Composition for class 4 (11) guide words for the three halls of the Forbidden City in Beijing

Su Yanting, class 1, grade 4, Xingang primary school, Tanggu District, Tianjin

Please follow me quickly. This is the entrance of the Forbidden City, that is, the Meridian Gate. The middle gate is left by the emperor, the left and right gates are left by court officials, and the last two gates are left by local bureaucrats, scholars and people.

Now we come to the hall of supreme harmony. You can see a large plaque with blue gold characters engraved with the words "Hall of Supreme Harmony". Taihe hall is a large hall of the Forbidden City. Taihe hall, Zhonghe hall and Baohe hall all came from the "change of name and surname" in the Qing Dynasty, which has great historical value and no lack of ancient flavor. You can see that there are many stone carved little lions on the passage railings of Zhonghe hall and Taihe hall. Do you know what this is for? Let me tell you, it's used for drainage. The rain flows to the low-lying place on the top of the city wall, flows into the small hole on the ground, and can be transported to the drainage outlet through the dredging of the pipeline. In fact, the overall structure of Zhonghe hall and Taihe hall is similar, but it is a little small. composition

What appears in front of us now is the Baohe hall. Who knows what it does? Oh, the foreign tourist is so clever that he knows all the places of interest in China. By the way, this is the place where the emperor worships the gods. The Red Crowned Crane and the incense burner at the door are also used for this purpose. Here, I would like to ask two small questions: what is the Red Crowned Crane made of and what is the big incense burner made of. Please think about it. Well, I won't sell any more. The Red Crowned Crane is made of iron, and the big censer is made of copper. Don't touch them. They are already aging. If you touch them again, they will be damaged.

OK, that's all for today's explanation of the three main halls of the Forbidden City. Tomorrow I'll introduce you to other places of the Forbidden City. Dear tourists, I'm your guide. My last name is