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Top eight private gardens in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai

West Lake State Guesthouse

Liu Zhuang used to be the West Lake State Guesthouse in Hangzhou today. It is located in the west of the West Lake, facing the lake on three sides and leaning against the mountain on the other side. With a courtyard area of 360000 square meters, it ranks first in the West Lake Park for its beautiful environment, exquisite buildings and elegant furnishings. It has a history of more than 100 years. It is located in the west of the West Lake. It faces the West Lake on three sides and backs on Dingjiashan mountain. It covers an area of 360000 square meters. There are small bridges and flowing water in the courtyard, winding corridors and exquisite buildings. In addition to the rich cultural landscape, it ranks first in the West Lake Garden!


Address: No.18 yanggongdi, Xihu District, Hangzhou

Surrounding attractions: Taiziwan Park, Jiuxi


It was originally Abandoned Garden in Ming Dynasty. Later, Feng's garden was built here, known as Fengjia garden. It is a typical private garden style in Jiangnan. The garden is decorated with "Tan Ying Xuan", "Xiao Yin Ting", "Di Cui Ting" and "Feng He Xuan", which provide visitors with rest. There are nine curved bridges, four Cambridge bridges and painted bridges in the garden, which connect the landscape and form an independent landscape. For example, the fourth Cambridge is composed of three stone slabs, which is an isolated example of landscape bridge landscape in China. The Longhua bridge is a stone arch bridge, which divides the water content of the lake in the garden into two boundaries. Beside the arch, there are "two water sandwiched with bright mirrors, and two bridges falling into rainbow", which form a poetic and picturesque scene with the surrounding scenery.


Address: No.37 Haibin East Road, Haiyan County, Jiaxing City

Surrounding scenic spots: North and South Lake


This is a courtyard with the characteristics of Zhejiang folk houses. The left and right wing rooms and the back hall form a small courtyard. The courtyard is paved with stone slabs. In the middle is a square pool surrounded by stone slabs and railings. In the pool, there is a constant trickle, forming the unique quiet atmosphere of Jiangnan residents. The garden's winding corridor, pool Pavilion, back hill, stone bridge form an exquisite landscape. The pavilion of "inviting the moon by the wind" beside the lake is facing the willows of Liuqiao, enjoying the scenery of the lake and mountains. On a sunny day and on a moonlit night, it's really fun to take advantage of the wind to invite the moon. There are also rockery on the "feast for the eyes" pavilion, overlooking the surrounding lake and mountain scenery, people relaxed and happy.


Address: by Wolong bridge, Xishan Road, Hangzhou

Surrounding scenic spots: wind lotus in Quyuan


Xiaolianzhuang, also known as Liuyuan, was built by Liu Yong, the richest man in the south of the Qing Dynasty, and his second son, Liu Jinzao, after 40 years of cold and heat. It was also known as "lianhuazhuang" by Zhao Mengfu, a calligrapher and painter at the end of Yuan Dynasty.

Xiaolianzhuang is composed of three parts: the outer garden, the inner garden and the Liu family temple. In the area of nearly 30 mu of land, the garden buildings of waterside pavilions, rockeries and ponds, memorial archways, inscriptions, private temples and other cultural landscapes are integrated into a garden. Because it was built at the end of Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, some buildings in the park also highlight the interest of combining Chinese and Western walls. The garden is full of ancient trees and vines. Small bridge, flowing water, exquisite fist stone. There are 10 mu lotus pond in the garden.


Address: No.124, Nanxi street, Nanxun ancient town, Huzhou City

Surrounding scenic spots: Nanxun ancient town

Shen Yuan

Shen garden is located in Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province. It is the only song style garden in Shaoxing which has been preserved for more than 800 years. Shen garden was originally a private garden of the rich merchant Shen's family. In the Song Dynasty, the pool terrace was very prosperous. Garden pavilions, bridges, water, trees shade, Jiangnan scenery. Shen garden was a famous garden in Shaoxing in Song Dynasty. It is said that Shen garden in the past was several times larger than it is now. Because there are pavilions, rockeries and ponds built in the park, the environment is beautiful, Chinese literati of all ages often come here to visit and write poems and paintings. Lu You, a poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, once met his sweetheart Tang Wan here, and wrote the poem "hairpin Phoenix" which is a masterpiece of all ages.


Address: No.318, Lu Xun Middle Road, Yuecheng District, Shaoxing City

Surrounding scenic spots: Lu Xun's former residence, Cangqiao straight street

Qiao Garden

In the past dynasties, the owners of Qiaoyuan paid attention to the arrangement of flowers and trees in scenic spots. The naming of ancient cypress in Qiaoyuan of Taizhou, which is divided into bamboo house, all green mountain house, songchuge Pavilion, Yinchao Pavilion, jiaoyuxuan, wenguifang and other buildings, is mostly related to plants. Among them, the core scenic spots are mainly arbors, focusing on the ancient cypress; the pine blowing Pavilion, Yinchao Pavilion and other high pavilions are supplemented with high pine and plum forest; behind the mountain depression, bamboo and houses are hidden, wintersweet bushes are planted before and after the court, and peonies and plantains are around the pavilion to adapt to the changes of the four seasons. In terms of artistic conception, it focuses on elegance and light, such as plantain green, Shuyun horizontal window, Tianzhu, Chimonanthus praecox, Cangsong and ancient cypress. The picture is made by crossing branches and covers the interest of each other (Chen Congzhou's words). The flowers and plants in the four seasons are continuous and pleasing to the eyes.


Address: No.68, hailing North Road, Hailing District, Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province

Surrounding scenic spots: Yunhai hot spring in Qintong ancient town

Humble Administrator's garden

The largest classical garden in Suzhou covers an area of 78 mu (about 5.2 HA). With water as the center, the garden is surrounded by mountains and rivers, with exquisite pavilions and luxuriant flowers and trees, which has a strong characteristic of water town of Han nationality in the south of the Yangtze River. The garden is divided into three parts: the East, the West and the West. The east garden is bright and open, and the central garden is the essence of the whole garden. The western garden is beautifully constructed and has its own characteristics. Yuannan is a residential area, which reflects the typical pattern of Han people's residence in Jiangnan area. There is also a Suzhou Garden Museum in the south of the garden, which is the only Garden Museum in China.


Address: Suzhou, Jiangsu

Surrounding scenic spots: see mountain tower, listen to Yuxuan, xiaofeihong, etc

Guyi Garden

One of the oldest Range Rovers in Shanghai is one of the famous gardens in the south of the Yangtze River. The garden fully embodies the classical gardening art of Han nationality and the painstaking efforts of craftsmen. It is a permanent treasure representing the traditional culture and national characteristics of Han nationality. The pavilions and pavilions in Guyi garden are mostly built near the water, which is in coordination with the waterscape, which reflects the artistic conception of "the pavilions are all facing the water, although many houses do not hinder the mountain". Separated by a winding corridor and flower wall, the natural space of varying sizes is formed, which makes visitors often in the situation of "no road to doubt after heavy mountain and heavy water, and another village with hidden willows and flowers". The main buildings are yiyetang, plum blossom hall, chunzao hall, cuiai tower, liudaixuan and other waterside pavilions, which are beautiful and exquisite. These buildings are not only the ornament of scenery, but also the places to enjoy the scenery and shelter from the wind and rain.


Address: Nanxiang Town, Jiading District, northwest suburb of Shanghai

Surrounding attractions: Zhouqiao old street, Shanghai Automobile Museum, Nanxiang ancient town, Malu vineyard

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