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An inventory of traditional festivals of ethnic minorities in Guangxi

Miao Lusheng douma Festival, Yao Panwang Festival, Miao Spring Festival, Zhuang March three Song Festival, liangshuangnao Fish Festival, Miao Drum Festival... These are the traditional festivals of Guangxi ethnic minorities. Here, I will make an inventory of more than 20 common customs and interesting events of Guangxi Ethnic Minorities' traditional festivals to celebrate the growth of Guangxi people in the four days of "March 3, 2016" Fake! In addition, ethnic minorities in Guangxi also celebrate the Spring Festival, the Mid Autumn Festival and the Double Ninth Festival in September. It is reported that on February 22, 2016, the general office of the people's Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region announced that, with the consent of the government of the autonomous region, all citizens in the region will have a two-day holiday during the "March 3" period in 2016, and the holidays will be on April 9 (Saturday) and 10 (Sunday), that is, the third and fourth day of the third day of the lunar month. Because this year's "March 3" holiday falls on the weekend, April 8 (Friday) and 11 (Monday) make-up holidays, which means that Guangxi people will be able to enjoy a four-day long holiday. Careful netizens also offer advice for office workers: take a 3-day Qingming Festival holiday from April 2 to 4, and then ask for 3 days from April 5 to 7, plus the "March 3" small long holiday, you can take 10 days in a row!

Traditional festivals of Zhuang nationality. Also known as March Song fair. Guangxi is known as "the sea of songs". Zhuang people hold regular folk song gatherings every year, among which the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar is the grand occasion. On this day, every family makes five color glutinous rice and dyed red eggs to celebrate the festival, some lasting for two or three days. There are special gathering places for local song festivals. Generally, it is a cave slope. Some villages set up singing booths with bamboo and cloth to receive singers from other villages. The participants were mainly unmarried young men and women, and the elderly and children also came for fun. Around the fair, vendors gathered and folk trade was active. There are thousands of men, women, old and young who come to participate in the larger song fair, which is dozens of miles around. The singing is very lively. The famous singing fairs include Panyang River in Bama, Mianshan in Du'an, qiaoye in Tianyang, Yangyan in Tiandong, Xiajian in Yishan, Yufeng mountain in Liuzhou, etc. People go to the song fair to compete and enjoy songs; young men and women make friends with each other, and those who like each other will give each other keepsakes as a pledge of love. In addition, there are also throwing Hydrangea, touching eggs, performing Zhuang Opera and other entertainment activities. Song Festival is not only a grand gathering of national culture, but also a grand gathering of national economic exchange. In order to carry forward the national culture, the people's Government of the autonomous region organized the "March 3" Song Festival in 1984. Singers from all over Guangxi gathered in Nanning, and other ethnic groups, compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao, and foreign friends from all over the country also came for sightseeing, which was unprecedented. In 1985, the people's Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region designated March 3 as a cultural and Art Festival. Since 2014, "March 3" has become a public holiday for Guangxi people, with a two-day holiday for the whole region.

Traditional festivals of Zhuang Nationality in Aidong and Changle township of Donglan county. They are held on the first, 15th and 30th of the first month of the lunar calendar. At that time, the young men of each village form a bronze drum team, carry the bronze drum to the top of the mountain near the village and hang it on a wooden frame. First, they beat the drum to worship their ancestors, and then they have a bronze drum competition. The method is big drum to big drum, small drum to small drum, with four sides as a group, each drum 3 people, rotation play, can not be interrupted. To play loud and beautiful, fast rhythm, endurance for the win. The game is often all night long. At the same time, young men and women sing together. At the end of the competition, people had a picnic with rice dumplings and other food brought from their homes, singing and laughing through the valley.

Donglan, Nandan, Tian'e and other counties Zhuang folk traditional festivals. The festival is held from the first day to the thirtieth day of the first lunar month (in some places to the 15th day of the first month of the lunar calendar). It is held in large villages or jointly by several villages. There are sacrificial ceremonies such as "inviting frog woman", "singing frog woman", "filial piety frog woman" and "burying frog woman". The whole festival celebrates the contribution of frog God in bringing rain to the world and protecting the harvest, which is a grand gathering of music and dance for God and Bo. The first frog found on the first day of the Lunar New Year's Day is regarded as sacred. The catcher of the frog is respected and respected, and becomes the leader of the frog sacrifice ceremony. Modern frog woman Festival has evolved into a mass entertainment festival and singing Festival, so it is also known as "Ma Ge Hui".

Longzhou County, Pingxiang City area Zhuang folk festivals. The Zhuang language of "eat Li" means "celebrate" or "make up for the Spring Festival". It is said that in 1894, when the Spring Festival was coming, French invaders invaded the border areas. In order to fight against the invaders, the local young people took up arms to defend their homes, so they failed to celebrate the Spring Festival on time. On the 30th of the first month, the soldiers returned home triumphantly. The villagers slaughtered chickens and sheep, made glutinous rice Ciba, entertained them warmly, celebrated the victory, and made up for the Spring Festival. During the festival, people dance lion, play dragon lantern, sing and dance, lively.

Traditional festivals of Zhuang Nationality in Southwest Guangxi. It is held on February 29 of the lunar calendar every year. On that day, each household carried all kinds of agricultural production tools processed and made by themselves onto the Polders and arranged them in rows in turn, including plow frame, ox yoke, dustpan, dustpan, shoulder pole, hoe, plow, harrow, hoe handle, basket, bamboo mat, grain basket, grain barrel and furniture, etc. People are shopping for spring ploughing.

Traditional festivals of Zhuang nationality. According to folklore, the ancestor of Zhuang nationality, Liujia was born from flowers. Later, he was in charge of giving flowers and children. All the people came into the world from the flowers in the garden of Liujia, so they were regarded as the goddess of Huapo. February 29 is the birthday of Huapo God. Zhuang women hold a sacrificial ceremony. Women of the same generation in the village form sisters of different surnames. They gather money to prepare chicken, duck and incense paper for the goddess Huapo. Then they gather in groups to gather flowers in the wild to wear them, praying for fertility and protecting their children's healthy growth. No fertility women, this day to go to the wild flowers to wear, in order to flower Mother God to give flowers and children. If you are pregnant in the future, in order to make the child have a soul after birth, you should ask the teacher to go to the field to read scriptures and ask for flowers. You should also do a bridge ceremony in the ditch on the road to pick up the flowers from the bridge. After the child is born, the goddess of Huapo should be installed in the maternal bed and regularly worshipped. This custom has been diluted.

Zhuang, Dong, Mulao, Gelao and other traditional festivals to worship the God of cattle. Also known as ox birthday, ox King's day, off yoke Festival. Most of them are held on the eighth day of the fourth month of the lunar calendar, and some are held on the eighth day of June or the eighth day of August. On that day, the farmers gave the cattle a day off, and each family renovated the cattle pens. The villagers commented on the cattle in the village and warned all families to take good care of them. Steamed glutinous rice with five colors is wrapped with loquat leaves and fed to cattle. In some places, offerings of wine, meat, melons and fruits are placed in the main rooms. The parents lead an old cow to walk around the offerings, singing while walking, in order to praise and reward the merits of the cattle. On this day, each family will feed the cattle first, and then the whole family will have a festival meal. Since the 1970s, the color of worshipping the God of cattle has gradually faded, but the spirit of respecting and protecting cattle still exists.

Medicine King's Day is also called pharmacist's day. Zhuang traditional festivals. It is said that the king of medicine is the God of Zhuang medicine. He discovered herbs and treated people. He also taught people the knowledge of planting medicine, collecting medicine and treating diseases. Once upon a time, there were Yao Wang temples in the Zhuang nationality areas. The Dragon Boat Festival was held in May every year to offer sacrifices to the king of medicine and collect herbs for disease prevention. For example, the Zhuang people in the northern part of Guangxi went up to the mountain to collect Sapium sebiferum, Tianjihuang, cucurbit tea, yuanbaocao and other herbs for bathing. It is thought that the skin will be smooth and smooth without scabies. The Zhuang people in Jingxi County set up a drug market on that day, selling all kinds of herbal medicines, and buyers were enthusiastic. It is said that the medicine of this day has special effects. In addition, each family also makes triangular rice dumplings, boiling vinegar in the house, burning pomelo peel, and inserting wormwood at the door to show that the evil spirits are driven out.

Zhuang, Dong, Miao and other traditional festivals. Also known as Kai Qing Festival, new rice Festival. Every year in June of the lunar calendar, the specific date varies from place to place. By then, rice and corn have begun to mature, people take a little new rice, cooked rice and vegetables for the festival. If the rice is not mature, they will pick the rice ears on several pieces of their own, pinch the rice pulp and sprinkle it in the rice pot, to show the taste of new. In some places, new rice, wine and meat were offered to the God of agriculture. Some take the village as the unit, gather in the fields or Hillsides for feasts, sing and dancing, and rest in the day. It is said that this festival custom originated from people's worship of the God of agriculture, and gradually evolved into a general folk festival.

Changxin Festival, commonly known as "eating new festival", is a traditional folk festival of Zhuang nationality. It is held in July and August of the lunar calendar when the new grain matures. In general, each family lived alone, and some of them invited their relatives and friends to get together. On that day, every family cooked rice with new rice, slaughtered chickens and ducks, prepared pork, sacrificed ancestors and gods, and rewarded them for protecting the harvest. In the early morning, the women went to the fields to cut back the green rice leaves and put them on the shrine. They also provided food and fruit, and then burned incense and lighted oil lamps. When everything is ready, call the dog to the shrine, scoop a big spoon of new rice, and feed the dog with various dishes. When the dog is full, the whole family will have a dinner together. It is said that the earliest millet was brought by the dog. In order to thank the dog for his contribution, he must eat it first in the new festival.

The new year of Zhuang people is one month earlier than the Spring Festival. Every year, on November 29 or 30 of the lunar calendar, every household in Zhuang villages slaughters pigs, slaughters sheep, worships ancestors, and joins the village to celebrate the new year. Since the beginning of December, large-scale collective visits have been held between villages, meeting relatives and drinking parties, and singing and playing music; young men and women carry out social activities, and young men and women go to villages in groups to "make fun of girls" and choose a mate by singing. These activities continued until around the seventh day of December. As for the origin of his prime years, it is said that she Wang was an orphan. He grew up begging in Zhuang and had great power to eliminate evil spirits and subdue demons. Later, the evil spirits haunted the Zhuang village, and people fled everywhere. The king of the society did not forget the kindness of Zhuang people in raising them. He expelled demons and eliminated disasters. He protected the fields and villages, so that Zhuang people could return to their homes and live and work in peace and contentment. When people celebrated the harvest day, the king of the society lived in the shed under the big tree beside the village. It was November 30 of the lunar calendar. Later, in order to commemorate the king of the society, people fixed the beginning of December as the day of the new year, and built a shed to pray for protection.

The "duoye" festival of the Dong nationality has a long history. The meaning of "duoye" in Dong language is "singing and dancing", and "duoye" is the transliteration of Dong language, which is the collective song and dance of the Dong people. The participants need to form a circle hand in hand and follow the lead singer's rhythm while singing and dancing. There is no distinction between the superior and the inferior, no language barrier, no rejection. Everyone forgets himself and sings and dances. "Sitting at night" is a unique way of social entertainment of Dong nationality, and "singing and sitting at night" is a traditional love custom of Dong nationality. There are many ways to celebrate the festival, such as listening to Dong songs, drinking fragrant oil tea, eating Baijia banquets and stepping on Xinqiao. China (Liuzhou · Sanjiang) Dong nationality duoye Festival is one of the most successful, influential and representative national traditional festival brands in the border area of Guangxi, Hunan and Guizhou, Guangxi and even the whole country.

On the eighth day of the first month of the lunar calendar, the Dong people will celebrate the annual traditional weaving Festival and hold wonderful activities such as folk customs display, Lusheng stepping on the hall, tiaoye, traditional sachet worship and Baijia banquet. Dong women will also show the whole process of making "Dong cloth" to Chinese and foreign tourists. Dong People's clothing is made of Dong cloth. The traditional handicraft of weaving Dong cloth has been handed down for thousands of years. "Dong cloth" is a kind of cotton cloth woven by one's own home, which is made of indigo, liquor and cattle