Original title: Huawei publishes the connection report, ranking No.1 in the United States and No.27 in China
4hw.com.cn Huawei released its connection report, ranking first in the United States and 27th in China. The global connectivity index (GCI) 2018 report released by Huawei on the 29th predicts that the global digital economy will reach US $23 trillion by 2025, nearly double the US $12.9 trillion in 2017 (accounting for 17.1% of GDP).
Recently, Huawei released the global connectivity index (GCI) report for the fifth consecutive year to continuously explore the correlation between ICT infrastructure maturity and GDP growth.
In order to fully understand the development trend of various countries, Huawei has assessed the economic impact of ICT investment and the deployment of five energy technologies (broadband, data center, cloud, big data and Internet of things).
Among them, artificial intelligence, as a new rising star, plays an increasingly prominent role in economic development.
With the penetration and integration of artificial intelligence technology and five ambassadors technology in various industries, basic connection will evolve into intelligent connection, which will bring unprecedented opportunities for innovation and economic development. Smart connectivity will give birth to new business models, products, processes and services, open up new economic growth models, and is expected to create $23 trillion of digital economic value in 2025.
Ranking of countries: the United States is the first, and China has become one of the fastest growing countries
This year's GCI study covers 79 countries, and depicts the relationship between GCI scores and GDP levels through an S-curve. Countries on the S-curve are divided into three categories according to ICT maturity: starters, accelerators and leaders.
As shown in the figure, the leader is moving at full speed, but the growth rate of return on investment is slowing down. However, at present, the leading countries such as the United States, Sweden and Singapore are facing the growth bottleneck problem, and have been unable to promote economic growth through ICT investment.
The average gci-s score of accelerant countries increased by 1.5, from 43.6 to 45.2.
Overall, the GCI scores of all countries have improved this year, but the growth is not balanced. On the gci-s curve, the gap between developed countries and developing countries is widening, and the problem of inequality is still aggravating.
Among them, China scored 51 points, ranking 27th, belonging to the ranks of accelerators.
The top three are the United States, Singapore and Sweden, with the United States at the top with a score of 78.
Britain is in the top five. Its GCI score rose to 70, up 3 points from last year. This is the only change in the top five.
This year, several countries have made the most significant progress. Some countries' GCI scores have increased significantly, while others have made rapid progress in ICT infrastructure deployment. The top three countries with the fastest progress are Egypt, China and Slovenia.
Egypt has made the most significant progress, with significant increases in smartphone usage and Internet penetration. The Philippines is another eye-catching country in 2018, which has successfully moved from the starter to the accelerator.
In general, increasing investment and application of ICT infrastructure is the main driving factor for the change of GCI ranking in various countries this year.
The improvement of China's GCI score is mainly due to the Chinese government's long-term strategy of continuously promoting the transformation of digital economy.
The deployment of key enabling technologies is the key reason for China's rising score. China invests heavily in 4G technology. Between 2014 and 2017, 4G network coverage increased from 7% to 69%, and FTTH coverage increased from 18% to 64%. The continuous popularization of fixed broadband and mobile broadband promotes the development of e-commerce, provides a stable digital platform for entrepreneurs, and spawns a number of small Internet enterprises.
It is worth noting that last year, China released a new generation of artificial intelligence development plan, vigorously invested in artificial intelligence research, and strive to become a leader in the field of artificial intelligence by 2030. In addition to artificial intelligence, China has also invested heavily in the development of data centers, cloud services, big data analysis and the Internet of things to lay the foundation for the development of smart cities. At present, the number of smart cities in China accounts for about 50% of the world.
The development of the global ICT industry also continues to show the Matthew effect. Moreover, with the passage of time, the former can take advantage of its initial advantages to further accelerate its development, leaving the starters and accelerators far behind.
But the report shows that no matter what stage of development, countries can improve their GCI scores by deploying ICT applications in important industries. GCI 2018 shows that the performance of the Philippines and Egypt is particularly outstanding. These two countries vigorously carry out ICT infrastructure construction, so that more people can access the Internet at preferential prices and participate in the development of digital economy more widely.
Economic impact: intelligent connection opens a new cycle of economic growth
The GCI study in 2018 found that the digital economy has risen strongly in recent years, and the growth rate of the global digital economy in the past 15 years is 2.5 times that of the global GDP.
At present, the excellent performance of digital economy is mainly due to the consumption Internet, which is known as the Internet. Today, the digital economy mainly relies on e-commerce, entertainment and online services. Although these three industries still maintain a strong momentum, the growth rate has begun to slow down, and the global economy is about to usher in a new cycle of economic growth.
Investment in connection technology and enabling intelligent systems can not only enable countries to obtain investment returns, but also accelerate economic growth.
Every 1 point increase in GCI score will boost the national competitiveness, innovation and productivity by 2.1%, 2.2% and 2.3% respectively, which proves the strategic importance of ICT infrastructure. In addition, the return on investment of digital technology is considerable, almost 6.7 times that of non digital technology.
Today's $1 investment in ICT infrastructure will bring the average return on investment to $20 by 2025. From the perspective of the relationship between GCI score and overall economic development trend, every increase in GCI score will lead to an increase of 2.1% in national competitiveness, 2.2% in national innovation and 2.3% in national productivity. In short, there is a direct relationship between the increase of GCI score and economic development.
Industry impact: intelligent connection drives industry transformation and releases unlimited business opportunities
Intelligent connectivity will drive a new wave of innovation and economic development. According to the "digital spillover" report jointly released by Huawei and Oxford Institute of economics, it is estimated that the scale will reach 23 trillion US dollars by 2025 (12.9 trillion US dollars in 2017). In other words, by 2025, the share of digital economy in global GDP will rise from the current 17.1% to 24.3%.
After the introduction of intelligent connection into traditional manufacturing industry, it is expected to create a digital economy scale of 6.4 trillion US dollars in 2025.
The digital economy is expected to drive the prosperity and development of ICT, professional services, finance and other industries, and the market value will grow by US $5 trillion, US $3 trillion and US $1.7 trillion respectively. Social and personal services, retail, transportation and public utilities industries are also steadily realizing digital transformation. Driven by intelligent connection, this pace is accelerating.
With the help of intelligent connection, artificial intelligence can carry out data analysis, help decision-making, and improve the efficiency and automation of future process.
The starters and accelerators started late in the construction of ICT infrastructure, unable to obtain affordable AI applications, but cloud computing provides the possibility for these countries to develop AI. Organizations of various shapes and sizes can use the computing and storage capacity of cloud to realize the digital transformation of IT systems and data centers within the organization, thus saving a lot of investment in software and hardware.
Leaders can take advantage of 5g network with ultra-high speed and ultra-low delay to push AI innovation to a new height. The starters and accelerators can further improve the broadband coverage. After the connection reaches a certain level, they can use the artificial intelligence cloud service to tap their own competitive advantages and achieve sustainable growth.
Technology influence: algorithm, computing power and data complement each other
To measure a country's AI readiness, the report mentions five GCI indicators and a new indicator to measure AI investment. These six indicators assess a country's AI readiness.
High speed broadband and cloud computing can help countries, industries and organizations reduce AI deployment costs. Cloud services provide guarantee for data acquisition, while computing resource sharing enables people to obtain computing power at a moderate price, and there is no need to invest heavily in the development of data center and software and hardware. In addition, cloud technology can also help governments and enterprises of accelerant and starter countries to obtain affordable AI applications. The large number of application Suites gathered by cloud platform also provide a fair platform for countries to deploy AI.
The shortage of talents in algorithm development is a common problem faced by three types of GCI countries, and it is equally important to build an artificial intelligence ecosystem.
Bringing AI development into the national key strategy can not only ensure sufficient ai r & D funds, but also help to lead policies conducive to the development of AI.
The government needs to rethink the future education to adapt to the changes in talent skills affected by artificial intelligence, and start to build a healthy, collaborative and open ecosystem to lay the foundation for attracting talents to explore new fields.
Netizens commented that the United States is bullish, and everything comes first! Unfortunately, Sina, which is truly patriotic, won't even say anything. The dominant trend is bragging and flattering! How far can we go by relying on populist patriotism? Digital China, which has been boasting for so long, is only 27, boasting that China and the United States are leading the world in science and technology; We have a long way to go, and we still need to work hard for decades! Huawei, Huawei, Zhonghua are promising. This is a real, fair and scientific research result. We must face the reality and be down-to-earth, and stop being arrogant!
That's the whole content of Huawei's report, ranking first in the United States and 27th in China. It can be said that there is a long way to go to rejuvenate the country through science and education. We should be down-to-earth and work hard. The only way to rejuvenate the country through industry is formalism. We should resort to fraud and harm the country and the people!