Yingge pineapple, we do not think it is edible pineapple ah, Yingge pineapple is evergreen perennial herbs! It is the most widely cultivated and popular potted foliage plant in China. So what is the breeding method of Yingge pineapple? Let's go and have a look!
How to breed Yingge pineapple? Growth habits of Yingge pineapple: Yingge pineapple is a tropical evergreen herb, which likes high temperature and humid climate and sufficient light environment. Slightly resistant to shade, have a certain cold and drought resistance, avoid hot sun exposure. It is suitable to grow in fertile, moist, loose and well drained soil.
The cultivation methods of Yingge pineapple are as follows: 1. Planting: it can be planted in the south of China. In the northern cold area, potted plants are suitable for families. Planting or changing pots before sprouting in spring. The basin soil is a mixture of rotten leaf soil, peat soil (or garden soil) and sand. The soil should be loose, fertile and well drained. Generally, the basin is changed once every two years, the soil is changed once a year, and the appropriate amount of fertilizer is supplemented.
2. Light and temperature: the suitable temperature for growth is 20-30 ℃. In addition to shading and avoiding direct sunlight in multiple seasons, other seasons should receive as much sunlight as possible. In summer, it should be placed in a shady place under a big tree or a place with bright indoor light. The leaves will be burned by the strong sun. Need to have more than 3-4 hours of sunlight every day, otherwise can not bloom. Lack of light, color is not bright red, gorgeous, lack of luster, will reduce the ornamental value. If the temperature can be kept above 15 ℃, the plant can continue to grow. Generally, the lowest temperature should not be lower than 10 ℃ to avoid long-term freezing injury.
How to breed Yingge pineapple
3. Watering and fertilization: pay attention to watering during the growth period, and always keep the basin soil moist, especially in summer when the temperature is high. Besides watering, spray water on the leaf surface frequently to improve the ambient air humidity, so as to avoid leaf curling caused by drying. At the same time, always keep clean water in the blade barrel and air humidity above 60%. Watering should be appropriate, neither make basin soil too wet, also can't let basin soil too dry. Water should be reduced in winter, and the basin soil should be kept slightly moist. In addition to the base fertilizer, top dressing should be applied during the growing period. Generally, thin liquid cake fertilizer should be applied 2-3 times a month, and the fertilizer should be applied in the basin, mountain and water tank. If necessary, thin liquid fertilizer can be sprayed on the leaves to promote vigorous growth. No fertilizer or a small amount of decomposed organic fertilizer was applied in winter. Propagation methods of Yingge pineapple: except xiphophora variegata, which is not easy to produce tiller buds and has low propagation coefficient, it is suitable to adopt sowing propagation in the original place, most species and varieties adopt bud cutting propagation. In order to make the plant sprout more tillers, the flower stems should be cut off in time after flowering. In spring, when the temperature rises by 20 ℃, the buds with 4 leaves, 10 cm in height, are cut from the base of the mother plant, and then cutted in the sand bed or pot culture soil. After spraying water, they are placed in the shade and covered with plastic film to maintain high air humidity. Under the temperature of 20-27 ℃, they can take root and survive after about 40 days. After rooting and transplanting into flowerpot, new plants can grow after another year.
How to breed Yingge pineapple