Firecracker flower also known as firecracker flower, flower shape such as firecrackers, bright flowers, drooping in clusters, very beautiful, very popular with people. For the top and surrounding greening, the scenery is very good. Do you want to know about the firecracker flower and how to breed it? What are the precautions? Come and have a look.
The breeding method (basic knowledge): the best breeding time: spring and autumn can be carried out, summer is the best. After 20-30 days, it can take root, cut into a new plant after one and a half months, and bloom in the same year. More potted plants. Or they can be directly packed into the container without moving to the nursery.
The best growing soil: the requirement of soil is not strict, but it grows stronger when it is cultivated in rich organic matter, good drainage and deep soil layer.
Growth humidity requirements: after planting or potting, the firecrackers should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist and drain well.
The best growth temperature: Campanula campanulata is not resistant to cold, and needs to be moved indoors after winter in northern China. During the winter, the room temperature should be kept above 10 ℃. Generally, the room temperature should be raised gradually from mid December to late December. At the same time, proper amount of water and fertilizer should be applied. In February to March, the buds can blossom.
The best growth light: after planting or potting, the cauliflower should be properly shaded, and it can be fully exposed to sunlight after the growth is restored. Like light, but also a little shade resistant.
Notes on the cultivation of Campanula campanulata: the application of fertilizer: the thin liquid fertilizer combined with nitrogen and phosphorus is usually applied once every two weeks or so in the growing season of Campanula campanulata. In order to facilitate flowering and plant growth, the quick acting liquid fertilizer with phosphorus as the main fertilizer was applied 1-2 times during the bud stage, and the liquid fertilizer mainly containing nitrogen fertilizer was applied once after the flower withering.
Key points of watering: spray water once every 1-2 days to keep it moist. After 3 weeks, if the stem and leaf did not shrink, it still remained tender green, indicating that the incision healed well and had taken root. In about 10 days, it could be transplanted into the pot. The seedlings just on the pot should be watered enough and kept in the shade.
Pruning tips: large and deep flowerpots can be selected when the firecrackers are planted. When the seedlings grow to a certain height, a flower rack is built in the pot, and the stems and vines are bound on the flower rack, and the distribution is even, and it is maintained on the sunny balcony. It can also be planted in a large pot, in the balcony set flower rack, let it climb up the growth, when the branches grow to a certain height on the attached objects, it is necessary to topple to promote the sprouting of new branches, so as to blossom. The branches that have already bloomed will not bloom in the next year, but the newly growing branches will have buds. Therefore, some old branches and weak branches should be cut off in time to avoid consuming nutrients and affecting the flowering of the next year.
Pot soil replacement: potted firecrackers should be planted in deep pots, and the cultivation soil should be mainly composed of rotten leaf soil, garden soil and mountain mud, and appropriate amount of organic manure such as compost, bean cake and bone meal should be applied as base fertilizer. The management after planting is the same as that of planting. It can grow better in loose, fertile and slightly acidic soil with good drainage; it can be cultivated in the open field in the South and potted in the north in winter. The potted cultivation soil can be prepared by mixing rotten leaf soil, composting soil and sand soil, and adding a small amount of cake fertilizer as base fertilizer.
Breeding points: layering propagation or cutting propagation.
1. Layering propagation can be carried out in spring or summer. The rooting begins in January and the mother plants can be transplanted in March. Cuttings are also propagated in spring and summer. The rooting begins around January and the mother plants can be transplanted around March. Cutting propagation was also carried out in spring and summer.
It can be planted in the middle of the year and can be planted in the middle of the year. This species depends on the tendril fixed growth, the growth period must not turn over, break the tendril, otherwise it will affect its water and nutrient absorption, resulting in poor flowering or even no flowering.
Pest control: common leaf spot and powdery mildew of Campanula campanulata were sprayed with 1500 times 50% carbendazim WP. There are whiteflies and scale insects in the firecracker, which can be sprayed with 1200 times of 40% Omethoate EC.
Experience of cultivating Campanula campanulata: after planting, we should transplant it in sunny place, especially in the north. We should choose potted plant as far as possible to adjust its living environment at any time to ensure sufficient sunshine, ventilation, cooling and regular watering. Of course, it should be adjusted according to the weather conditions, and the soil should be fertile Soil requirements are not high, but fertile soil is more conducive to the growth of firecracker flowers, but also more vigorous. Campanula is a plant that likes light and warmth. The soil should maintain the acidity suitable for its growth. In order to improve the ornamental effect, large and deep flowerpots can be selected for planting. When the seedlings grow to a certain height, a flower rack is set up in the basin, and its stems and vines are bound to the flower rack, and attention should be paid to the even distribution and maintained on the sunny balcony. It can also be planted in a large pot, in the balcony set flower rack, let it climb up the growth, when the branches grow to a certain height on the attached objects, it is necessary to topple to promote the sprouting of new branches, so as to blossom. The branches that have already bloomed will not bloom in the next year, but the newly growing branches will have buds. Therefore, some old branches and weak branches should be cut off in time to avoid consuming nutrients and affecting the flowering of the next year.