Tulips cultivated in garden
Nowadays, no matter in the botanical garden or other parks or flower markets, the tulips we can see are quite different from those in the wild natural environment. It can be seen that the leaves of the original tulip are thin and long, the flowers are small, and the petals will open completely when they are in full bloom, so they can't maintain the elegant cup-shaped shape. Like many other flowers and plants, tulips in modern horticulture are bred from wild tulips by generations of horticulturists.
The ancestors of these tulips, the original tulip, mainly grew in the vast central Asia from Turkey to Northwest China. China's tulip population is mainly concentrated in Xinjiang and other places. However, the most widely distributed native tulip in China, the crow petal (scientific name: Tulipa edulis, alias: guangcigu, shancigu), grows in a large area from Northeast China to the Yangtze River Basin. In Wuhan Botanical Garden of China, there are a large number of wild crow species. You may as well look for them in the undergrowth grass.
The history of horticultural tulip cultivation can not be verified. It is generally believed that tulip originated from Turkey to Iran, or from the Tianshan Mountains in China. The real rise of tulip was after it was introduced into Europe in the 16th century. Dutch people are particularly fascinated by this gorgeous cup-shaped flower, which has triggered a wave of cultivation and appreciation of new varieties. Tulip flower types and colors are gradually enriched. In the Netherlands in the 1730s, rare varieties were once sold at a high price, which led to speculation and speculation. Eventually, the tulip fever became the first financial bubble in human history, and the bubble burst finally hit Holland's economy.
Today, tulip has become a world-famous flower, with tens of thousands of varieties, blooming in parks and gardens around the world, becoming the most beautiful spring scenery. When you appreciate this beautiful flower, don't forget the wisdom and sweat of hundreds of years of hard-working gardeners; also don't forget their ancestors - the cup-shaped flowers swaying in the vast land of Central Asia.