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How to cultivate Clematis scientifically: the soil should be breathable and moisturized, and the wat

Clematis, with dense branches and leaves and beautiful flowers, is known as the "Queen of liana flowers". The ornamental type with strong climbing ability, anti pollution, strong adaptability and certain shade resistance can be used for greening of various columns, so it is warmly sought after by flower friends. But it is not easy to raise Clematis. It is not as thick as green rose, nor is it a very pretentious flower. In short, if you want to raise Clematis well, you should pay attention to certain cultivation skills.

How to cultivate Clematis scientifically how to cultivate Clematis scientifically first, it is very important to select Clematis seedlings;

First of all, we should select good varieties. Many varieties have proved to be relatively weak, such as mianbai, Patricia, Hongxing, Gongzi, Zizi pill and F series. So novices must choose carefully. Secondly, we should choose sellers and try to choose stores with high reputation or thoughtful after-sales service. Of course, if they are purchased online, they all rely on their personal character ~.

2、 Pay attention to soil collocation;

Soil matrix is the most important for clematis, and a major principle is to breathe and moisturize. Based on this principle, combined with the soil preparation of those big coffee, I think the best and economical soil preparation method is to use coconut bran 3, peat 1 and perlite 1. Of course, large granular media such as volcanic rock, deer marsh soil, ceramsite and bark can also be added. Coconut brick is cheap, coarse fiber is the most breathable and easy to wet. Peat can help keep water. Perlite is also used for ventilation.

Whether the soil is well prepared can be judged by the speed of water flow, that is, after the soil is well prepared, fill a half liter container with water. If the water leaves after you pour it in, it means that the soil is well prepared. In addition, small iron should be shallow in spring, especially in the south, and the rhizome junction should be exposed. Because of the high air humidity in the south in spring, if the soil is covered, the small iron is easily invaded by bacteria in the weakest part of the root stem junction, resulting in wilting. You can put some ceramsite on the root stem joint to cover it, which is beautiful and can protect them( Gama suggested that it should not be put too much. When it is hot and humid in spring, it will increase the reproduction of bacteria.) when autumn comes, small iron can be buried deeply, so that iron can take root in multiple layers, so as to prevent faster recovery after withering.

It's best not to put organic fertilizer in the first year, but to put some slow-release fertilizer. When changing pots in the autumn of the next year, you can add an appropriate amount of organic fertilizer and put it at the bottom, but it should be separated from the root system. F series must remember not to use organic fertilizer. When watering at ordinary times, you can add duolisu, a lot of flowers, biwang and so on.

Clematis is exquisite with soil

3、 Scientific watering is very important

In many cases, small iron is killed by water. Iron is a fleshy root. I'm afraid of ponding, but I like to keep it moist. Therefore, water control is generally required in winter, basically once every half a month. Water more in summer, usually once every three days. In summer, because the weather is too hot, it is best to supply water from the tray in the morning. You can't water it directly at noon, or it will rot. Watering is the principle of seeing dry and wet. Don't water every day. Watering can be optional in spring and autumn, because small iron is a vigorous period and water is used quickly. The so-called water through when it is dry does not mean that it needs a lot of water. You can see that there is water flowing out. You don't have to use a lot of water for repeated watering. There is also f, who is afraid of water, because F's roots are generally very small, obviously similar to Geranium. So Tanhua said to raise f like a geranium. Except, of course, Utopia.

4、 Disease control

About diseases, Xiaotie is most afraid of Fusarium wilt. Fusarium wilt is like a human cold. So far, there is no absolute preventive medicine. However, in the cloudy and sunny spring in the south, carbendazim or potassium permanganate should be used to prevent small iron from withering. Plant ash is also a good preventive material. Flower farmers told me that when there were no organic pesticides in the past, they used plant ash to throw it on beans and other plants in the morning when there was fog, which can effectively prevent wilting and insect pests. After wilting occurs, you should first water a small amount to see if it is caused by water shortage. But if it still wilts after watering all night, it can be determined that it is withered. You should immediately knock off the top and cut off the leaves. Observe along the rattan to find the withered and blackened place, and click directly with scissors. Withered vines can also be cut directly after pruning. After pruning the withered iron, the root should be disinfected with carbendazim or potassium permanganate, and put it in the shade for a week to slow the seedling and wait for new buds. But generally, it is difficult to recover after one year's seedling withers. The iron seedlings of two to more than two years can certainly sprout. Therefore, if the seedlings wither, you have to be psychologically prepared to buy new seedlings, and you can wait for the big seedlings.

How to cultivate Clematis scientifically

5、 About trimming

Clematis pruning has no absolute law. But generally speaking, if you don't need to keep the seeds after flowering, you can cut off the three branches under the flower for cutting. In autumn and winter, small iron enters dormancy and should be pruned immediately. Small seedlings can generally be cut off with the soil, while large seedlings can leave strong branches. In particular, double petals such as Dany, North Pole, Josephine and crystal should leave old branches.

6、 Overwintering preparation

Most small railways can spend winter in the open air in the south, and there is no problem with large railways in big years in the north. In winter, if it is a seedling, cover the small iron with dry peat or coconut bran after pruning. Large seedlings can generally be placed at will. The most important thing in winter is to control water. In fact, just spray some water on the surface of peat or coconut bran. Don't flood. After the small iron sprouts, you can change the basin. Put some fermented organic fertilizer at the bottom of the new basin, remember a small amount. Then put a layer of new medium before the small iron can be released. Generally, it's best not to change the small basin for one year. F remember not to change the large basin, do not put organic fertilizer, and you can add an appropriate amount of mixed fertilization.

In fact, Clematis is more suitable for planting. In the south, small and strong seedlings can be planted, but in the north, seedlings more than 2 meters should be planted. It is suggested that the method of raising seedlings under the basin is used, and the effect is very good. It is to make more holes in the strength of the basin bottom, so that the iron root system can feel the earth gas and drill out of the basin bottom. You can raise it in a black currant basin or a two-color basin without worrying about damaging the basin. The good reason for this method is that the first iron accepts the essence of heaven and earth, and the second basin walls are higher than the surrounding ones, which can effectively prevent stagnant water. The ground planting iron rarely withers, and it will also bring you the shock of incomparable popcorn. As long as there is no water and there are not too many ground insects, you can let go and manage. After all, Clematis is improved from wild iron. It's not a bad thing to let Clematis return to nature.

How to cultivate Clematis scientifically