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Be careful when your baby has a cold repeatedly

Health tips: when the seasons change, there are more children with colds. A Ying's child is only 1 year old this year, but she has caught a cold three times in a month. Ah Ying is anxious to take her child to the hospital, but her mother-in-law thinks that the child's cold is not a serious disease. Just give him some "Xiaoer Ganmao Chongji" and let Ah Ying not be busy. Ah Ying is right to think about it. I've heard before that children don't have a cold or fever. It's not easy to develop resistance. But since then, the child has to catch a cold once or twice a month. After three months, the child's face is pale, his appetite has declined, and his weight has not increased at all. Ah Ying is in a hurry and immediately takes the child to the hospital to see a doctor. The doctor gave the child blood test, X-ray and other examinations. Finally, the doctor diagnosed recurrent respiratory tract infection. Under the guidance of the doctor, a Ying gave the child medication and took care of her life. After two or three months, the child's body slowly recovered.

Seeing this, parents can't help asking, "isn't it just a little cold? Will it have such serious consequences?"

Indeed, colds are very common diseases. According to the survey, in cities with a large population, infants under one year old suffer from colds less than six times a year, children over one year old suffer from four or five colds a year, and adults cannot suffer from two or three colds a year. But if more than the above number of times, can not be regarded as a common cold, this is often the performance of repeated upper respiratory tract infection.

Recurrent respiratory tract infection is common in children, especially in infants. It can be manifested as recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (recurrent colds) or sometimes upper and sometimes lower respiratory tract infections (such as bronchitis or pneumonia). The reason why children's recurrent upper respiratory tract infection can not be underestimated is that it often indicates that the child has low resistance, or it also indicates other diseases.

The vast majority of colds are respiratory tract virus infections, which are transmitted through the droplets or respiratory secretions of cold patients, which invade the body from the nasopharyngeal or eye mucosa of susceptible persons. So cold is a real infectious disease. General people think that cold will cause a cold, in fact, the body cold is only a predisposing factor, no virus invasion is not cold. It has been observed that a small group of people working on polar or isolated islands, if the number is small, no matter how cold the weather is, they will not have a cold until new comers join in. As for why some people are very easy to catch a cold, while some people seldom catch a cold, or some people have a mild cold with a stuffy nose, while others show fever and general discomfort, it depends on the individual's immune function and the virulence of the pathogen causing the cold. Generally speaking, the symptoms of colds in older children and adults are mild, which only show local symptoms of upper respiratory tract, while infantile colds have systemic symptoms, such as fever, cough, etc.

Children's cold is generally viral infection, is a self limiting disease, that is, sick 1-2 weeks can self-healing. However, in some children, with reduced immune function or congenital defects, they are particularly sensitive to common respiratory virus infection, and they will have frequent colds or bronchitis, and the symptoms are usually severe and lasting for a long time. At this time, parents should be careful to see if their children have other diseases, which lead to lower body immune function, such as malnutrition (protein deficiency or vitamin deficiency), anemia, chronic infection (such as tuberculosis infection), congenital malformation (such as congenital heart disease), etc.

If the parents do not pay attention to the children's situation, but as a small matter, then repeated cold will have other consequences, and even become a potential risk factor. For example, a cold with obvious symptoms, accompanied by frequent cough or fever, will naturally affect children's eating, coupled with regular medication, will affect appetite. In the long run, it will inevitably affect its growth and development. In turn, the reduction of food intake will aggravate the original diseases such as malnutrition, anemia and chronic infection, which will affect each other and become a vicious circle. If not timely intervention, it may develop into a serious disease.

In addition, children with specific constitution, recurrent respiratory virus infection will also induce asthma attacks, become a chronic recurrent respiratory disease. The reason may be that repeated airway infection causes epithelial detachment and allergens easily enter submucosa to sensitize the body.

Therefore, experienced doctors on the frequent occurrence of cold infants and children will carefully understand and check, and sometimes do some necessary examination, in order to find out the cause of repeated infection. Doctors will also give parents some life guidance or cooperate with some drug treatment.

For children with recurrent respiratory tract infection, what should parents pay attention to? First, to avoid contact with cold patients. Parents should not take their children to crowded and dirty public places, such as teahouses, pubs, shopping malls and other places. It is better to take preventive measures to avoid infection if someone has a cold at home. Second, we should pay attention to children's reasonable nutrition, especially to supplement enough vitamin A, B and C. Third, the rational use of drugs, unless there are clear indications, or do not repeatedly use a large number of antibiotics, do not give children repeated use of 'herbal tea' to prevent cold. Studies have shown that taking herbal tea to prevent colds is not beneficial but harmful. Fourth, don't give children gamma globulin unless there is evidence of a lack of immunoglobulin in their blood. Fifthly, some immunomodulators should be used properly.

Of course, don't equate repeated sneezing, nasal congestion and runny nose with recurrent colds. Children with allergic rhinitis can also have this symptom. Different from recurrent colds, allergic rhinitis has no fever and sore throat, but has a family history of allergic rhinitis. It is easy to control symptoms with antiallergic drugs, but the effect on cold is not obvious. Therefore, encounter the child to appear repeatedly cold, parents or as soon as possible to take the child to the hospital for examination