What are the misunderstandings that must be avoided in feeding a healthy baby? How do parents match nutrition with their baby? How to feed a healthy and smart baby? Let's remind parents to pay attention to the misunderstandings that must be avoided in feeding a healthy baby?
Pay no attention to the addition of paste food
When the baby is 4-6 months old, pure breast-feeding or formula feeding can no longer meet the needs of growth and development, so it is necessary to add paste food as a 'complementary food'. However, some breastfed babies have not established the habit of feeding mud paste food by 8-9 months. Not eating mud paste food in time, not only can not make the baby get comprehensive nutrition, but also because 4-6 months is the key period for the baby to promote chewing function and taste development, delaying the addition of mud paste complementary food will make the baby lack of chewing adaptation stimulation, delay the development of chewing function or masticatory function, cause feeding difficulties, which is easy to produce language retardation and cognitive impairment The operation intelligence quotient is low.
To 4-6 months old baby add paste food, the first choice is a variety of vitamins and minerals fortified nutritional rice. At the same time to ensure the quality of paste food, gradually add different colors, different tastes and different qualities of food. Such as egg yolk, vegetable puree, fruit puree, fish puree, liver puree, meat puree to stimulate the baby's taste, while meeting the needs of growth and development.
Too little heme iron intake
Iron deficiency anemia is a common disease in infants. It is mainly caused by iron deficiency. In infants, the source of iron is largely dependent on food. There are two sources of iron in food. One is heme iron, which comes from foods with high animal protein, such as lean meat, animal liver, animal blood and fish. These foods not only have high iron content, but also are not affected by other foods in the diet during absorption; the other is non heme iron, which comes from vegetable, grain, red bean and other plant foods.
In baby feeding, many parents like to give their baby fish and shrimp (the iron content of shrimp is low). They think that meat is not easy to cook and the baby can not chew and digest. They think that the liver is a detoxification organ, in which there are many 'poisons' and they seldom give them to the baby, resulting in insufficient intake of heme iron. It also reduces the absorption of non heme iron. In order to prevent iron deficiency anemia, in addition to encouraging breastfeeding (high iron absorption rate in breast milk), formula milk should be used when breast milk is insufficient. After 4 months, in addition to the fortified nutritional rice flour, liver puree and meat puree should be added gradually after 6 months to increase heme iron. In addition, vegetables and fruits should be supplemented at the same time. Fruits rich in vitamin C include oranges, kiwifruit, strawberries, etc. it is best to eat them immediately after meals to promote iron absorption, so that the effect will be better.
The variety of food is too monotonous
Many parents do not pay attention to the variety of food types and cooking methods for their babies, and the food types for their babies are too monotonous, such as green vegetables, fish and egg yolks for their babies every day; Some parents mix vegetable meal, fish meal and liver meal in rice flour every day, so that the baby can't distinguish the taste and texture of different foods. Over time, the baby not only can't get comprehensive nutrition, but also is not willing to accept new foods, and even causes anorexia and partial eclipse. There is no natural food in the world that contains all kinds of nutrients needed by the human body. Only by eating a variety of foods can we get comprehensive nutrition. Mother in cooking time can be more variety, develop the baby to eat a variety of food habits.
Generally, after 1 year old, the baby should eat at least 10 kinds of food every day, and then gradually increase to 30 kinds. Many kinds of food can be eaten together, such as' fried five dices': potatoes, carrots, peas, mushrooms, pork are cut into small dices and then fried. Another example is borscht. You can put onion, cabbage, potato, carrot, tomato, beef and so on. These dishes have many kinds of food, bright colors and comprehensive nutrients, which are worth recommending.
After reading the above contents, we should have some understanding of the mistakes that must be avoided in feeding healthy babies. Today, we will introduce here. More topics about children's health will continue to be introduced in the following articles. Welcome to check. Wish you a happy life!