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Dietotherapy and conditioning methods of qi deficiency in the elderly

Food therapy and conditioning methods for Qi deficiency of the elderly. Qi deficiency is the manifestation of dysfunction of a certain viscera or whole body, often accompanied by signs such as fatigue and weakness, loss of appetite, abdominal distension and loose stools, shortness of breath and lazy speech, low voice, sweating and spontaneous sweating, dizziness and tinnitus, palpitation and palpitation, pale tongue and white fur, weak pulse and so on. When the human body has deficiency syndrome, there is more prominent manifestation of a certain visceral deficiency, which should be used to determine the basis of nourishing and adjusting methods.

The main symptoms of heart qi deficiency are palpitation, shortness of breath, aggravation of activity, premature beat or asystole. Those with spleen qi deficiency are common, such as lack of food, anorexia, weight loss, abdominal distension, dyspepsia, loose stool and yellow complexion. Lung qi deficiency, common cough and wheezing weakness, shortness of breath, lazy speech, voice micro spontaneous sweating and other signs. Kidney qi deficiency, common waist and leg pain, heel pain, decreased libido, frequent and clear urination, edema of lower limbs and other signs. Liver qi deficiency is rare. Chinese traditional medicine has always emphasized the spleen and stomach as the foundation. Therefore, we should mainly benefit the spleen and stomach, and take into account other spleen deficiency at the same time. When nourishing, you should pay attention to the intake of food that is peaceful, nutritious and easy to digest, but not too much at one time. In addition, you should also avoid greasy and thick taste products.

According to practical experience, the foods that people with Qi deficiency constitution should not eat mainly include: chicken head, pig head, mutton, seafood, shrimp, crab, wine, wine, onion, ginger, pepper, leek, mustard, pickle, alfalfa, yellow bean sprouts, bamboo shoots, etc. Modern nutrition believes that people with Qi deficiency constitution should pay attention to a balanced diet, and the intake ratio of protein, fat and carbohydrate should be 2:3:10. Among them, animal protein should account for about 35% of the total protein intake; Appropriate amount of fat, but mainly vegetable oil; Staple food should be matched with thickness and variety, and should not be single; At the same time, you should eat more vegetables and fruits.

Common Qi tonifying foods are as follows: chestnut, hazelnut, lotus seed, peanut, white lentil, yam, lily, soybean, broad bean, knife bean, cowpea, pea, red bean, pumpkin, towel gourd, light vegetable, apple, cherry, litchi, red jujube, water chestnut, mushroom, glutinous rice, japonica rice, millet, barley, buckwheat, crucian carp, loach, herring, octopus, silver carp, eel, shark meat and wings Catfish, mandarin fish, black fish, cuttlefish, Coilia, hairtail, pomfret, yellow croaker, bass, eggs, pigeons, quail, chicken, pheasant, rabbit meat, beef, wild boar meat, yellow mutton, donkey meat, pork, pig brain, pig kidney, sheep belly, vole meat, animal heart, frog, sea cucumber, etc. Wild boar meat and quail can replenish the deficiency of the five internal organs. Qi tonifying foods are often combined with Qi tonifying drugs to form a medicinal diet to enhance Qi tonifying function. This part of medicine mainly includes: ginseng, Codonopsis pilosula, Radix Pseudostellariae, American ginseng, astragalus, polygonatum, Atractylodes macrocephala, Schisandra chinensis, etc.